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Liste des publications au format AERES

ACL - Articles dans des revues à comité de lecture

2018


  • Andrello Marco, Devaux Caroline, Quetier Fabien et Till-Bottraud Irène (2018) « Paying for conservation: A bioeconomic analysis of the effects of land management options on the viability of an endangered species, Eryngium alpinum », Journal of Applied Ecology, 55 (4) (juillet), p. 1940 - 1950. DOI : 10.1111/1365-2664.13112. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908387.


  • Beauger A., Wetzel C.E., Voldoire O., Garreau A. et Ector L. (2018) « Morphology and ecology of Craticula lecohui sp. nov. (Bacillariophyceae) from hydrothermal springs (Puy-de-Dôme, Massif Central, France) and comparison with similar Craticula species », Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, 146 (janvier), p. 7 - 22. DOI : 10.1127/1438-9134/2017/007. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01797947.


  • Beauger Aude, WETZEL CARLOS, Voldoire Olivier et Ector Luc L. (2018) « Pseudostaurosira bardii (Fragilariaceae, Bacillariophyta), a new species from a saline hydrothermal spring of the Massif Central (France) », Botany Letters (mai), p. 1 - 11. DOI : 10.1080/23818107.2018.1460278. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01800771.


  • Bourriquen Marine, Mercier Denis, Baltzer Agnès, Fournier Jérôme, Costa Stéphane et Roussel Erwan (2018) « Paraglacial coasts responses to glacier retreat and associated shifts in river floodplains over decadal timescales (1966-2016), Kongsfjorden, Svalbard », Land Degradation and Development (septembre). DOI : 10.1002/ldr.3149. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01869431.
    Résumé : The aim of this paper is to quantify and map the impact of the post‐Little Ice Age climate change on the coastal evolution on three glacier catchments in the Kongsfjorden area in Svalbard. Climatic data at Ny‐Ålesund indicate an increase in the annual mean air temperature of +4 °C from 1969 to 2016 and an increase in precipitation. On the northern coast of the Brøgger Peninsula, the Austre Lovénbreen, Midtre Lovénbreen, and Vestre Lovénbreen glaciers have experienced a net retreat in response to changing meteorological conditions. Because of this retreat, the glaciers have disclosed a large area of 7 km2 composed of terrigenous sediments. These sediments are transported by runoff and created coastal sandur deltas. Channel network behavior has been studied using the computation of the active floodplain width by photointerpretation, which decreased in average from 1966 to 2010. This demonstrated a contraction of the active braided belt and a decrease in the number of braided channels. A photointerpretation analysis combined with acquisition of dGPS data during field work shows a mean shoreline progradation of +0.16 m a−1 from 1966 to 2016, with a maximal advance of +82 m seaward. Since 1966, coastal progradation has decreased in time with higher mean values at the beginning of the studied period and an erosional trend from 1990. The sublittoral area was studied using analog side scan sonar in 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2017. Three prodeltas were identified and underwent a huge extension from 2009 to 2017. In the light of this knowledge, our main conclusion is that, by retreating, glaciers have an impact on the sediment availability and on the capacity of the fluvial system to effectively transport sediment to the shoreline. These two factors control the overall coastal evolution by regulating the sediment supply to the coastal area. The coastal zones that were fed with sediments by runoff have experienced a coastal progradation, and those that lost this supply have undergone a coastal recession. Due to the contraction of proglacial floodplains, current progradation concerns restricted coastal areas.


  • Caire Gilles et Chevallier Marius (2018) « La participation des sociétaires dans les coopératives et les mutuelles », Entreprise & société, 2017 - 2 (n° 2) (janvier), p. 73-101. DOI : 10.15122/isbn.978-2-406-07390-1.p.0073. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01687654.
    Mots-clés : cooperative companies, coopératives, democratic governance, Économie sociale, gouvernance démocratique, membership, mutual companies, mutuelles, Social economy, sociétariat.


  • Casado Ana Casado, Hortobágyi Borbála et Roussel Erwan (2018) « Historic reconstruction of reservoir topography using contour line interpolation and structure from motion photogrammetry », International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 32 (12) (février), p. 2427 - 2446. DOI : 10.1080/13658816.2018.1511795. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01897896.

  • CASADO ANA et Picone Natasha (2018) « Aplicabilidad de los datos grillados para el análisis espaciotemporal de las precipitaciones, provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina) », Párrafos Geográficos. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01901118.


  • Chassiot Léo, Miras Yannick, Chapron Emmanuel, Develle Anne-Lise, Arnaud Fabien, Motelica-Heino Mikael et Giovanni Christian Di (2018) « A 7000-year environmental history and soil erosion record inferred from the deep sediments of Lake Pavin (Massif Central, France) », Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. DOI : 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.02.024. https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01719229.
    Résumé : A 14-m long sedimentary sequence (core PAV12) was collected in the deepest part of Lake Pavin, a maar lake located in the French Massif Central. The PAV12 sedimentary sequence documents the lake's environmental evolution since its formation 7000 years ago. The relationships between the catchment's vegetation cover, erosion processes and changes in trophic status were shown using a multi-proxy characterization of mineral and organic fractions supported by palynological data. The record shows a succession of lithological units starting at the base, with volcanoclastic material corresponding to the early stage of Lake Pavin. The deposition of organic-rich and diatomaceous sedimentary units above volcanoclastic material indicates an evolution toward a pristine lacustrine state. The Late Holocene environmental history of this lake is marked by two tipping points reflecting major environmental disturbances at ca. 4000 cal BP and after the deposition of erosive mass-wasting deposits (MWDs) at 1350 cal BP (CE 600) and 650 cal BP (CE 1300). The upper unit of core PAV12, which corresponds to the past 700 years, indicates that one of these MWDs was likely the driving force behind a major limnological change marked by a shift in redox-sensitive elements (i.e., current meromictic lacustrine state). The palynological diagram indicates a forested catchment where woodland clearances and agro-pastoral activities have remained limited except over the last 700 years. These findings suggest restricted human impact within the watershed compared to other regional archives. The reconstruction of the Lake Pavin erosion record determined from titanium and red amorphous particle fluxes highlights phases of enhanced erosion at ca. 6.5–5.5, 4.1–3.8, 3.5, 2.8–2.6, 1.6–1.4 cal kyr BP and during the Little Ice Age (LIA). A comparison between this erosion record, palaeoenvironmental archives from Western Europe and palaeoclimatic data supports an Atlantic signal driving precipitation patterns over Lake Pavin at centennial to millennial timescales. The influence of local human activities, even on a small scale, cannot be completely discounted as their impact on erosional processes may be amplified in a steep catchment such as that found in Lake Pavin.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Anthony Stallins J. et Corenblit Dov (2018) « Interdependence of geomorphic and ecologic resilience properties in a geographic context », Geomorphology, 305 (mars), p. 76 - 93. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.09.012. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900432.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François et Corenblit Dov (2018) « Species signatures in landscapes », Nature Geoscience, 11 (9) (septembre), p. 621 - 622. DOI : 10.1038/s41561-018-0193-6. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900426.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Walcker Romain, Gandois Laure, Proisy Christophe, Corenblit Dov, Mougin Eric, Laplanche Christophe, Ray Raghab et Fromard François (2018) « Control of “blue carbon” storage by mangrove ageing: Evidence from a 66-year chronosequence in French Guiana », Global Change Biology, 24 (6) (juin), p. 2325 - 2338. DOI : 10.1111/gcb.14100. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900421.


  • Corenblit Dov, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, González Eduardo, Hortobágyi Borbála, Julien Frédéric, Lambs Luc, Otto Thierry, Roussel Erwan, Steiger Johannes, Tabacchi Eric et Till-Bottraud Irène (2018) « Niche construction within riparian corridors. Part II: The unexplored role of positive intraspecific interactions in Salicaceae species », Geomorphology, 305 (mars), p. 112 - 122. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.09.016. https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01713217.
    Résumé : Within riparian corridors, Salicaceae trees and shrubs affect hydrogeomorphic processes and lead to the formation of wooded fluvial landforms. These trees form dense stands and enhance plant anchorage, as grouped plants are less prone to be uprooted than free-standing individuals. This also enhances their role as ecosystem engineers through the trapping of sediment, organic matter, and nutrients. The landform formation caused by these wooded biogeomorphic landforms probably represents a positive niche construction, which ultimately leads, through facilitative processes, to an improved capacity of the individual trees to survive, exploit resources, and reach sexual maturity in the interval between destructive floods. The facilitative effects of riparian vegetation are well established; however, the nature and intensity of biotic interactions among trees of the same species forming dense woody stands and constructing the niche remain unclear. Our hypothesis is that the niche construction process also comprises more direct intraspecific interactions, such as cooperation or altruism. Our aim in this paper is to propose an original theoretical framework for positive intraspecific interactions among riparian Salicaceae species operating from establishment to sexual maturity. Within this framework, we speculate that (i) positive intraspecific interactions among trees are maximized in dynamic river reaches; (ii) during establishment, intraspecific facilitation (or helping) occurs among trees and this leads to the maintenance of a dense stand that improves survival and growth because saplings protect each other from shear stress and scour; (iii) in addition to the improved capacity to trap mineral and organic matter, individuals that constitute the dense stand can cooperate to mutually support a mycorrhizal network that will connect plants, soil, and groundwater and influence nutrient transfer, cycling, and storage within the shared constructed niche; (iv) during post-establishment, roots form functional grafts between neighbouring trees to increase biomechanical and physiological anchorage as well as nutrient acquisition and exchange; and (v) these stands remain dense on alluvial bars until a threshold of landform construction and hydrogeomorphic disconnection is reached. At this last stage, intraspecific competition for resources (light and nutrients) increases, inducing a density reduction in the aerial stand (i.e., self-thinning), but root systems of altruistic individuals could remain functional via root grafting. Finally, we suggest new methodological perspectives for testing our hypotheses related to the occurrence of positive intraspecific interactions among Salicaceae trees in fluvial landform and niche construction through in situ and ex situexperiments.

  • de Villemereuil Pierre, Médéric Mouterde, Gaggiotti Oscar E et Till Bottraud Irène (2018) « Patterns of phenoytpic plasticity and local adaptation within the wide elevation range of the alpine plant Arabis alpina. », Journal of Ecology, 106, p. 1952-1971. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908353.


  • Edvardsson Johannes, Stančikaitė Miglė, Miras Yannick, Corona Christophe, Gryguc Gražyna, Gedminienė Laura, Mažeika Jonas et Stoffel Markus (2018) « Late-Holocene vegetation dynamics in response to a changing climate and anthropogenic influences – Insights from stratigraphic records and subfossil trees from southeast Lithuania », Quaternary Science Reviews, 185 (avril), p. 91 - 101. DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.02.006. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01711788.


  • Favillier Adrien, Guillet Sébastien, Trappmann Daniel, Morel Pauline, Lopez-Saez Jérôme, ECKERT Nicolas N., Zenhäusern Gregor, Peiry Jean-Luc, Stoffel Markus et Corona Christophe (2018) « Spatio-temporal maps of past avalanche events derived from tree-ring analysis: A case study in the Zermatt valley (Valais, Switzerland) », Cold Regions Science and Technology (juin). DOI : 10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.06.004. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01818732.


  • González Eduardo, Martínez-Fernández Vanesa, Shafroth Patrick, Sher Anna, Henry Annie, Garófano-Gómez Virginia et Corenblit Dov Jean-François (2018) « Regeneration of Salicaceae riparian forests in the Northern Hemisphere: A new framework and management tool », Journal of Environmental Management, 218 (juillet), p. 374 - 387. DOI : 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.04.069. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01789595.
    Résumé : Human activities on floodplains have severely disrupted the regeneration of foundation riparian shrub and tree species of the Salicaceae family (Populus and Salix spp.) throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Restoration ecologists initially tackled this problem from a terrestrial perspective that emphasized planting. More recently, floodplain restoration activities have embraced an aquatic perspective, inspired by the expanding practice of managing river flows to improve river health (environmental flows). However, riparian Salicaceae species occupy floodplain and riparian areas, which lie at the interface of both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems along watercourses. Thus, their regeneration depends on a complex interaction of hydrologic and geomorphic processes that have shaped key life-cycle requirements for seedling establishment. Ultimately, restoration needs to integrate these concepts to succeed. However, while regeneration of Salicaceae is now reasonably well-understood, the literature reporting restoration actions on Salicaceae regeneration is sparse, and a specific theoretical framework is still missing. Here, we have reviewed 105 peer-reviewed published experiences in restoration of Salicaceae forests, including 91 projects in 10 world regions, to construct a decision tree to inform restoration planning through explicit links between the well-studied biophysical requirements of Salicaceae regeneration and 17 specific restoration actions, the most popular being planting (in 55% of the projects), land contouring (30%), removal of competing vegetation (30%), site selection (26%), and irrigation (24%). We also identified research gaps related to Salicaceae forest restoration and discuss alternative, innovative and feasible approaches that incorporate the human component.
    Mots-clés : Cottonwood, Decision tree, Environmental flow, Poplar, Riparian forest, Willow.


  • Guyot-Téphany Josselin et Perrin Jacques-Aristide (2018) « Potentialités et limites de la notion de capital environnemental au regard de la crise environnementale contemporaine », Vertigo, Hors-série 29 (mars). DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.19050. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01913111.


  • Hortobágyi Borbála, Corenblit Dov, Steiger Johannes et Peiry Jean-Luc (2018) « Niche construction within riparian corridors. Part I: Exploring biogeomorphic feedback windows of three pioneer riparian species (Allier River, France) », Geomorphology, 305 (mars), p. 94 - 111. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.08.048. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01771068.

  • Lammoglia Adrien, Leturcq Samuel et Delay Etienne (2018) « The VitiTerroir model to simulate the spatial dynamics of vineyards on the long term (1836-2014) », Cybergeo : Revue européenne de géographie / European journal of geography, 863. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01886774.
    Mots-clés : dynamique spatio-temporelle, géohistoire, geohistory, géomatique, simulation spatialisée, spatial simulation, spatio-temporal dynamics, vignoble, vineyard.

  • Maleval Véronique et Pitois Frédéric (2018) « Lake Saint-Germain (Charente, Nouvelle-Aquitaine): water quality diagnosis andproposals for improved water management », Norois (juin). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01894967.


  • Mayoral Pascual Alfredo, Peiry Jean-Luc, Berger Jean-François, Ledger Paul, Depreux Bruno, Simon François-Xavier, Milcent Pierre-Yves, Poux Matthieu, Vautier Franck et Miras Yannick (2018) « Geoarchaeology and chronostratigraphy of the Lac du Puy intraurban protohistoric wetland, Corent, France », Geoarchaeology: An International Journal (avril). DOI : 10.1002/gea.21678. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01769810.


  • Mayoral Pascual Alfredo, Peiry Jean-Luc, Berger Jean-François, Simon François-Xavier, Vautier Franck et Miras Yannick (2018) « Origin and Holocene geomorphological evolution of the landslide-dammed basin of la Narse de la Sauvetat (Massif Central, France) », Geomorphology, 320 (novembre), p. 162 - 178. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.08.015. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01863784.


  • Miras Yannick, Ejarque Ana, Barbier-Pain Delphine, Corbineau Rémi, Ledger Paul, Mora Santiago Riera, Garreau Alexandre, Voldoire Olivier, Allain Elisabeth, Llach Javier Mangado, Torre Marta Sánchez de La, Grau Hector Mártinez, Bergadá Maria Mercè et Smith Susann (2018) « Advancing the analysis of past human/plant relationships: methodological improvements of artefact pollen washes », Archaeometry. DOI : 10.1111/arcm.12375. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01739271.
    Résumé : The 'pollen washes' technique, based on the analysis of the pollen embedded in the porous surface of archaeological artefacts, is developed for investigating past plant usage and consumption and to characterize the functionality of artefacts related to plant processing, gathering and storage. The research presented results in relevant methodological improvements of this technique, which has never previously been applied on materials from European contexts. The improvements allow: (1) faster analysis of a broad series of artefacts or those with large use-surface areas likely to retain more pollen; and (2) a more thorough, deeper and precise cleaning method, allowing the study of smoother artefacts. Finally, the recovery of Trifolium-group pollen from a macro-lithic tool from Xicotó rock shelter (Montsec ranges, Spain) demonstrates that the pollen washes technique can reveal new insights into both the use and consumption of wild and domestic plants by prehistoric societies, and the functionality of archaeological objects whose interpretation is still problematic.


  • Perrin-Malterre Clémence et Chanteloup Laine (2018) « Ski Touring and Snowshoeing in the Hautes–Bauges (Savoie, France): a Study of Various Sports Practices and Ways of Experiencing Nature », Revue de Géographie Alpine / Journal of Alpine Research (mars), p. https://journals.openedition.org/rga/3924. DOI : 10.4000/rga.3934. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01897634.
    Mots-clés : backcountry skiing, landscape sensibility, montagne, mountains sociology, Parc naturel régional des Bauges, Regional natural park of Bauges, sensibilité à la nature, ski de randonnée, sociologie.

  • Pistre Pierre et Richard Frédéric (2018) « Seulement 5 ou 15 % de ruraux en France métropolitaine ? Les malentendus du zonage en aires urbaines », Géoconfluences (avril). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01858695.
    Résumé : Le zonage en aires urbaines, proposé par l’Insee en 1996 et modifié pour la dernière fois en 2010, n’est qu’un des référentiels permettant de délimiter des catégories spatiales en France métropolitaine. Très diffusé, il a parfois été mal compris, ce qui a pu faire croire que 85 % ou même 95 % des Français étaient urbains, notamment parce que les couronnes périurbaines comprennent des communes qui sont rurales dans les autres nomenclatures existantes et moins connues.


  • Rapinel S., Rossignol N., Gore O., Jambon O., Bouger G., Mansons J. et Bonis A. (2018) « Daily monitoring of shallow and fine-grained water patterns in wet grasslands combining aerial LiDAR data and in situ piezometric measurements », Sustainability (Switzerland), 10 (3), p. 708. DOI : 10.3390/su10030708. https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01739504.
    Résumé : The real-time monitoring of hydrodynamics in wetlands at fine spatial and temporal scales is crucial for understanding ecological and hydrological processes. The key interest of light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data is its ability to accurately detect microtopography. However, how such data may account for subtle wetland flooding changes in both space and time still needs to be tested, even though the degree to which these changes impact biodiversity patterns is of upmost importance. This study assesses the use of 1 m × 1 m resolution aerial LiDAR data in combination with in situ piezometric measurements in order to predict the flooded areas at a daily scale along a one-year hydrological period. The simulation was applied over 663 ha of wet grasslands distributed on six sites across the Marais Poitevin (France). A set of seven remote sensing images was used as the reference data in order to validate the simulation and provide a high overall accuracy (76-94%). The best results were observed in areas where the ditch density was low, whereas the highly drained sites showed a discrepancy with the predicted flooded areas. The landscape proportion index was calculated for the daily steps. The results highlighted the spatiotemporal dynamics of the shallow flooded areas. We showed that the differences in the flooding durations among the years were mainly related to a narrow contrast in topography (40 cm), and occurred over a short period of time (two months). © 2018 by the authors.


  • Reynolds Laura, Simms Alexander, Ejarque Ana, King Baird, Anderson R. Scott, Carlin Joseph, Bentz J. Michael, Rockwell Thomas et Peters Robert (2018) « Coastal flooding and the 1861-2 California storm season », Marine Geology, 400 (juin), p. 49 - 59. DOI : 10.1016/j.margeo.2018.02.005. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01879701.


  • Richard Frédéric, Saumon Gabrielle et Tommasi Greta (2018) « Des enjeux environnementaux à l'émergence d'un capital environnemental ? », VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement, Hors-série 29 Echelles et espaces du capital environnemental (mars). DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.19066. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01912980.
    Résumé : À partir de leurs recherches de terrain consacrées aux recompositions socio-spatiales d’espaces ruraux de forte naturalité (Montana, campagnes anglaises, Montagne limousine), les auteurs formulent l’hypothèse de l’émergence d’un capital environnemental. Inscrit dans la perspective théorique de Bourdieu, le capital environnemental viendrait compléter les espèces originelles de capitaux (économiques, culturels, sociaux) pour qualifier l’ensemble des investissements réalisés par les acteurs dans l’environnement afin de satisfaire leurs intérêts. Après être revenu sur la notion de capital telle que l’a élaborée P. Bourdieu et tel qu’elle a pu être aménagée par les géographes, l’article s’intéresse à l’environnement, aux enjeux environnementaux et par-delà à la structuration d’un champ environnemental, dont l’existence est une condition préalable à toute forme de capital. Enfin, l’objectif est de montrer qu’en tant qu’outil au service de la géographie sociale, le capital environnemental constitue une grille d’analyse très opératoire des inégalités socio-territoriales liées à l’environnement, le cas échéant, des injustices environnementales.


  • Robin Vincent, Nelle Oliver, Talon Brigitte, Poschlod Peter, Schwartz Dominique, Bal Marie-Claude, Allée Philippe, Vernet Jean-Louis et Dutoit Thierry (2018) « A comparative review of soil charcoal data: Spatiotemporal patterns of origin and long-term dynamics of Western European nutrient-poor grasslands », Holocene (mai 8). DOI : 10.1177/0959683618771496. https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01788510/document.
    Résumé : The nutrient-poor grasslands of Western Europe are of major conservation concern because land use changes threaten their high biodiversity. Studies assessing their characteristics show that their past and ongoing dynamics are strongly related to human activities. Yet, the initial development patterns of this specific ecosystem remain unclear. Here, we examine findings from previous paleoecological investigations performed at local level on European grassland areas ranging from several hundred square meters to several square kilometers. Comparing data from these locally relevant studies at a regional scale, we investigate these grasslands' spatiotemporal patterns of origin and long-term dynamics. The study is based on taxonomic identification and radiocarbon AMS dating of charcoal pieces from soil/soil sediment archives of nutrient-poor grasslands in Mediterranean and temperate Western Europe (La Crau plain, Mont Lozère, Grands Causses, Vosges Mountains, Franconian Alb, and Upper-Normandy region). We address the following questions: (1) What are the key determinants of the establishment of these nutrient-poor grasslands? (2) What temporal synchronicities might there be? and (3) What is the spatial scale of these grasslands' past dynamics? The nutrient-poor grasslands in temperate Western Europe are found to result from the first anthropogenic woodland clearings during the late Neolithic, revealed by fire events in mesophilious mature forests. In contrast, the sites with Mediterranean affinities appear to have developed at earlier plant successional stages (pine forest, matorral), established before the first human impacts in the same period. However, no general pattern of establishment and dynamics of the nutrient-poor grasslands could be identified. Local mechanisms appear to be the key determinants of the dynamics of these ecosystems. Nevertheless, this paleoecological synthesis provides insights into past climate or human impacts on present-day vegetation.


  • Roussel Erwan, Marren Philip, Cossart Etienne, Toumazet Jean-Pierre, Chenet Marie, Grancher Delphine et Jomelli Vincent (2018) « Incision and aggradation in proglacial rivers: Post-Little Ice Age long-profile adjustments of Southern Iceland outwash plains », Land Degradation & Development (juillet). DOI : 10.1002/ldr.3127. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01897894.

  • Thornton Fanny, McNamara Karen, Farbotko Carol, Dun Olivia, Ransan-Cooper Hedda, Lkhagvasuren Purevdulam et Chevalier Emilie (2018) « Human Mobility and Environmental Change: A Survey of Perceptions and Policy Direction », Population and Environment. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01913021.
2017


  • Amalric Marion, Anselme Brice, Becu Nicolas, Delay Etienne, Marilleau Nicolas, Pignon Cécilia et Rousseaux Frédéric (2017) « Sensibiliser au risque de submersion marine par le jeu ou faut-il qu'un jeu soit spatialement réaliste pour être efficace ? », Sciences du jeu, 8 (décembre), p. http://journals.openedition.org/sdj/859. DOI : 10.4000/sdj.859. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01674298.
    Mots-clés : acteurs, apprentissage, companion modelling, France, hazard, jeux sérieux, learning, realism, réalisme, risque, serious games, simulation participative, stakeholders.

  • Beaurain Christophe, Maillefert Muriel et Delphine Varlet (2017) « La proximité au cø eur des synergies éco-industrielles dunkerquoises », Flux - Cahiers scientifiques internationaux Réseaux et territoires. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770148.


  • Becu Nicolas, Amalric Marion, Anselme Brice, Beck Elise, Bertin Xavier B, Delay Etienne, Long Nathalie, Marilleau Nicolas, Pignon-Mussaud Cécilia et Rousseaux Frederic (2017) « Participatory simulation to foster social learning on coastal flooding prevention », Environmental Modelling and Software, 98 (décembre), p. p.1-11. DOI : 10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.09.003. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01590667.
    Résumé : Due to the increase in coastal flooding risk associated with sea-level rise and increasing population along the coasts, there is a strong need to develop efficient and long-term management strategies. In partnership with the local administration of Oléron Island in France, a participatory simulation model was developed to foster social learning about coastal risk prevention measures with local authorities and managers. This simulation integrates a coastal flooding model and a spatially explicit agent-based model that simulates the development of the area and the management of prevention measures. The participatory set-up includes an immersive environment for participants to remember the coastal flooding simulation displayed and a role game mechanism that simulates the coordination issues between the different decision bodies involved in coastal risk management. A first application proved that participants learn about the water expansion dynamics during flood events and the effects of building, raising and restoring dikes.
    Mots-clés : Coastal flooding, Participatory simulation, Social learning.


  • Becu Nicolas, Amalric Marion, Anselme Brice, Beck Elise, Bertin Xavier, Delay Etienne, Long Nathalie, Marilleau Nicolas, Pignon-Mussaud Cécilia et Rousseaux Frédéric (2017) « Participatory simulation to foster social learning on coastal flooding prevention », Environmental Modelling & Software, 98 (décembre), p. 1 - 11. DOI : 10.1016/j.envsoft.2017.09.003. https://hal-univ-rochelle.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01671841.

  • Blondel François, Cabanis Manon, Girardclos Olivier et Paradis-Grenouillet Sandrine (2017) « Impact of carbonization on growth rings: dating by dendrochronology experiments on oak charcoals collected from archaeological sites », Quaternary International. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01599950.

  • CASADO ANA (2017) « Influence of the stream structure on longitudinal gradients of thermal recovery in regulated riv-ers, Sauce Grande River (Argentina) », Revista Universitaria de Geografia (juin). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900851.


  • Corona Christophe, Lopez-Saez Jérôme, Favillier Adrien, MAINIERI Robin, Eckert Nicolas, Trappmann Daniel, Stoffel Markus, Bourrier Franck et Berger Frédéric (2017) « Modeling rockfall frequency and bounce height from three-dimensional simulation process models and growth disturbances in submontane broadleaved trees », Geomorphology, 281 (mars), p. 66 - 77. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.12.019. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01501613.
    Résumé : The use of dynamic computational methods has become indispensable for the assessment of rockfall hazards and the quantification of uncertainties. Although a substantial number of models with various degrees of complexity has become available over the past few years, models have only rarely been parameterized against observations, especially because long-term records of rockfalls have proven to be scarce and typically incomplete. On forested slopes, tree-ring analyses may help to fill this gap, as they have been shown to provide annually resolved data on past rockfall activity over long periods. In this paper, a total of 1495 rockfall scars recorded on the stem surface of 1004 trees have been studied at a site in the Vercors massif (French Alps) to calibrate the 3D process based simulation model RockyFor3D. Uncertainties related to the choice of parameters accounting for energy dissipation and surface roughness have been investigated in detail. Because of the lack of reliable data, these parameters typically are estimated based on expert judgments, despite the fact that they have significant impacts on runout distances and bounce height. We demonstrate that slight variations in roughness can indeed strongly affect the performance of runout modeling and that the decreasing downward gradient, observed in field data, is properly reproduced only if reduced roughness (< 10 cm) enables blocks to reach the distal parts of the study plot. With respect to the height of impacts, our results also reveal that differences between simulations and observations can indeed be minimized if softer soil types are preferred during simulation, as they typically limit bouncing. We conclude that field-based dendrogeomorphic approaches represent an objective tool to improve rockfall simulations and to enhance our understanding of parameterization, which is of key importance for process dynamics and thus hazard zoning.
    Mots-clés : 3D process based simulation model, Forest-rockfall interactions, French Alps, Rockfall simulation, Scar-counting approach.

  • Coussot Céline et Liard Morgane (2017) « Élaboration d'un cadre chronostratigraphique pour le Pléistocène de la région Centre-Val de Loire (France) : présentation du projet de recherche et des premiers résultats », Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France, Tome 56 (avril). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01653177.
    Mots-clés : Beauce, Beauce natural region, Loire orléanaise, Loire river, Orléans, Pleistocene.

  • Crémin Émilie (2017) « Entre mobilité et sédentarité : les Mising, “ peuple du fleuve ”, face à l'endiguement du Brahmapoutre en Assam (Inde du Nord-Est) », M@ppemonde, 119, p. http://mappemonde.mgm.fr/119img2/. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01729282.

  • Defive Emmanuelle, Berger Jean‑François, Poiraud Alexandre, Barra Adrien, Bouvard Emma, Virmoux Clément, Voldoire Olivier, Garreau Alexandre, Miras Yannick, Beauger Aude, Cabanis Manon, Gunnell Yanni, BRAUCHER Regis, Dendievel André‑Marie, Nomade Sébastien, Delvigne Vincent, Lafarge Audrey, Liabeuf René, Guillou Hervé et Raynal Jean-Paul (2017) « “ Les flux hydro-sédimentaires dans le bassin supérieur du fleuve Loire (Massif Central, France) au cours des trois derniers millénaires : archives séquentielles, chronologie et corrélations régionales ”, », QUATERNAIRE. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01670720.


  • Delay Etienne, Leturcq Samuel et Rodier Xavier (2017) « ViCTOr : paysage virtuel pour explorer les dynamiques de la VIticulture et de la Consommation en TouRaine », Cybergeo : Revue européenne de géographie / European journal of geography (juin), p. https://cybergeo.revues.org/28356. DOI : 10.4000/cybergeo.28356. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01542845.
    Résumé : Dans les sociétés de type pré-industriel, vigne et cultures vivrières entrent en compétition pour l’espace. Les terres les plus riches étant généralement réservées aux céréales, la vigne a tendance à être plantée sur les sols pauvres où la culture céréalière est plus difficile, voire impossible (Dion 1952). Dans nos sociétés actuelles, l’espace est fondamentalement spécialisé en fonction d’un marché, avec une production de masse permettant les échanges (Hinnewinkel 2004). À la lumière d’une approche fondée sur un système multi-agents, nous explorons les stratégies qui peuvent se mettre en place sur un territoire, en réponse à des stimulations maîtrisées. Ainsi sommes-nous à même d’envisager les implications et les retombées spatiales du basculement d’un type d’agriculture vers un autre, ce qui nous amène à interroger l’importance de l’historicité des dynamiques parcellaires dans le temps vis-à-vis de la construction territoriale. Nous exposons, par le biais de différents scénarios, certains mécanismes mobilisés dans la construction historique de cette discrétisation spatiale et sociale du territoire pour proposer des pistes de réflexion sur les motifs d’évolution.
    Mots-clés : dynamiques spatiales, historicité des territoires, système multi-agents, terroirs, viticulture.

  • Depraz Samuel et Guyot Sylvain (2017) « À qui profite le capital environnemental ? L’environnement au service de la sélectivité territoriale », VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement, Hors-série (29). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01802382.
    Résumé : Le « capital environnemental » est un concept à forte valeur heuristique, mais aussi grandement chargé de présupposés épistémologiques, tant les deux termes qui le constituent – le capital et l’environnement – sont eux-mêmes sujet à débat. Notion sociologique plus qu’économique, le capital environnemental serait ainsi « l’ensemble des investissements (socio-économiques, idéologiques, émotionnels, politiques, artistiques…) dans l’environnement réalisés par des acteurs selon leurs représentations, intérêts et systèmes de valeur spécifiques » (Tommasi et al., 2017). La proposition induit cependant le risque d’une inflation conceptuelle autour de la notion de capital, toujours plus fragmentée et décomposée en de multiples sous-dimensions matérielles et immatérielles. Il s’agit donc de rappeler ici précisément (a) ce que contiennent les deux termes constitutifs du sujet afin de montrer s’ils relèvent véritablement d’une nouvelle forme de capital, ou bien s’il ne s’agit pas plus simplement d’un champ particulier d’actualisation des capitaux sociaux bourdieusiens, avant (b) d'en parcourir plusieurs applications possibles, tout en tentant d'éclairer les écarts et divergences qui animent le débat entre auteurs.

  • Depraz Samuel et Guyot Sylvain (2017) « À qui profite le capital environnemental ? L’environnement au service de la sélectivité territoriale », VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement, Hors-série (29). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01802382.
    Résumé : Le « capital environnemental » est un concept à forte valeur heuristique, mais aussi grandement chargé de présupposés épistémologiques, tant les deux termes qui le constituent – le capital et l’environnement – sont eux-mêmes sujet à débat. Notion sociologique plus qu’économique, le capital environnemental serait ainsi « l’ensemble des investissements (socio-économiques, idéologiques, émotionnels, politiques, artistiques…) dans l’environnement réalisés par des acteurs selon leurs représentations, intérêts et systèmes de valeur spécifiques » (Tommasi et al., 2017). La proposition induit cependant le risque d’une inflation conceptuelle autour de la notion de capital, toujours plus fragmentée et décomposée en de multiples sous-dimensions matérielles et immatérielles. Il s’agit donc de rappeler ici précisément (a) ce que contiennent les deux termes constitutifs du sujet afin de montrer s’ils relèvent véritablement d’une nouvelle forme de capital, ou bien s’il ne s’agit pas plus simplement d’un champ particulier d’actualisation des capitaux sociaux bourdieusiens, avant (b) d'en parcourir plusieurs applications possibles, tout en tentant d'éclairer les écarts et divergences qui animent le débat entre auteurs.


  • Favillier Adrien, Guillet Sébastien, Morel Pauline, Corona Christophe, Lopez Saez Jérôme Lopez-saez, ECKERT Nicolas N., Ballesteros Cánovas Juan Antonio, Peiry Jean-Luc et Stoffel Markus (2017) « Disentangling the impacts of exogenous disturbances on forest stands to assess multi-centennial tree-ring reconstructions of avalanche activity in the upper Goms Valley (Canton of Valais, Switzerland) », Quaternary Geochronology, 42 (octobre), p. 89 - 104. DOI : 10.1016/j.quageo.2017.09.001. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01771062.


  • Favillier Adrien, MAINIERI Robin, Lopez-Saez Jérôme, Berger Frederic, Stoffel Markus et Corona Christophe (2017) « Dendrogeomorphic assessment of rockfall recurrence intervals at Saint Paul de Varces, Western French Alps », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement, 23 (2) (juin). DOI : 10.4000/geomorphologie.11681. https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01575622.
    Mots-clés : Alpes françaises, broadleaved species, chute de pierre, dendrogéomorphologie, dendrogeomorphology, feuillus, forest, forêt, French Alps, récurrence, rockfall.


  • Francon Loïc, Corona C., Roussel Erwan, Lopez Saez J. et Stoffel M. (2017) « Warm summers and moderate winter precipitation boost Rhododendron ferrugineum L. growth in the Taillefer massif (French Alps) », Science of the Total Environment, 586 (mai), p. 1020 - 1031. DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.083. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01739824.
    Résumé : Rhododendron ferrugineum L. is a widespread dwarf shrub species growing in high-elevation, alpine environments of the Western European Alps. For this reason, analysis of its growth rings offers unique opportunities to push current dendrochronological networks into extreme environments and way beyond the treeline. Given that different species of the same genus have been successfully used in tree-ring investigations, notably in the Himalayas where Rhododendron spp. has proven to be a reliable climate proxy, this study aims at (i) evaluating the dendroclimatological potential of R. ferrugineum and at (ii) determining the major limiting climate factor driving its growth. To this end, 154 cross-sections from 36 R. ferrugineum individuals have been sampled above local treelines and at elevations from 1800 to 2100 m asl on northwest-facing slopes of the Taillefer massif (French Alps). We illustrate a 195-year-long standard chronology based on growth-ring records from 24 R. ferrugineum individuals, and document that the series is well-replicated for almost one century (1920–2015) with an Expressed Population Signal (EPS) > 0.85. Analyses using partial and moving 3-months correlation functions further highlight that growth of R. ferrugineum is governed by temperatures during the growing season (May–July), with increasingly higher air temperatures favoring wider rings, a phenomenon which is well known from dwarf shrubs growing in circum-arctic tundra ecosystems. Similarly, the negative effect of January–February precipitation on radial growth of R. ferrugineum, already observed in the Alps on juniper shrubs, is interpreted as a result of shortened growing seasons following snowy winters. We conclude that the strong and unequivocal signals recorded in the fairly long R. ferrugineum chronologies can indeed be used for climate–growth studies as well as for the reconstruction of climatic fluctuations in Alpine regions beyond the upper limits of present-day forests.
    Mots-clés : Climate-growth correlations, Dwarf shrubs, Rhododendron ferrugineum L., Tree-ring analysis, Winter precipitation.


  • Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Metz Meike, Egger Gregory, Díaz-Redondo María, Hortobágyi Borbála, Geerling Gertjan, Corenblit Dov et Steiger Johannes (2017) « Vegetation succession processes and fluvial dynamics of a mobile temperate riparian ecosystem: the lower Allier River (France) », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement, 23 (3) (septembre 18), p. 187 - 202. DOI : 10.4000/geomorphologie.11805. https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01673022.
    Résumé : Many riparian ecosystems in European temperate regions have lost their inherent, highly dynamic character due to human-induced impacts such as river channelization and low regulation. he lower course of the Allier River (France) is one of the last remaining free meandering river segments, and thus, constitutes an opportunity to investigate riparian succession processes of a dynamic, temperate river system. We analyzed (i) the dynamics of the succession phases based on eight sets of aerial images of the riparian corridor over the last five decades (1967-2014), (ii) the dominant succession trajectories and (iii) their relation with the Allier River low regime. Results revealed that the study site was characterized by a shifting habitat mosaic between 1967 and 2005, whilst floods did not change the overall habitat composition of the riparian corridor but their distribution in space. After the year 2005, progression and retrogression processes have been drastically reduced, with an increase of stability (i.e. no more channel migration and neither progression nor retrogression of patches), and a concomitant reduction of high and moderate magnitude floods. his study depicts a clear threshold of trajectory change in succession processes since the beginning of the 21st century and facilitates a better understanding of future trajectories under current global climate change.


  • Guillet Sébastien, Corona Christophe, Stoffel Markus, Khodri Myriam, Lavigne Franck, Ortega Pablo, Eckert Nicolas, Sielenou Pascal Dkengne, Daux Valérie, Churakova (Sidorova) Olga V., Davi Nicole, Edouard Jean-Louis, Zhang Yong, Luckman Brian H., Myglan Vladimir S., Guiot Joel, Beniston Martin, Masson-Delmotte Valérie et Oppenheimer Clive (2017) « Climate response to the Samalas volcanic eruption in 1257 revealed by proxy records », Nature Geoscience, 10 (2), p. 123 - 128. DOI : 10.1038/ngeo2875. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01497225.

  • Guyot Sylvain et Saumon Gabrielle (2017) « Aestheticising the Blackfoot Valley (Montana, USA), or How to Reconcile the Mining Frontier and the Eco-Frontier », Revue de Géographie Alpine / Journal of Alpine Research, 105 (2) (juin), p. https://rga.revues.org/3738. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01555449.
    Mots-clés : eco-frontier, mining frontier, mise en art, Montana, reconciliation, Rocky Mountains, United States of America.

  • Hobléa Fabien, Cayla Nathalie, Giusti Christian, Peyrache-Gadeau Véronique, Poiraud Alexandre et Reynard Emmanuel (2017) « Les géopatrimoines des Alpes occidentales : Emergence d'une ressource territoriale. », Annales de géographie, 717, p. 566-597. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01670707.

  • Hortobágyi Borbála, Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Qing Ding Zhu, Lambs L. et Steiger Johannes (2017) « Above- and belowground responses of Populus nigra L. to mechanical stress observed on the Allier River, France. », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement, 23 (3), p. 219-231. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01680831.


  • Liard Morgane, Tissoux Hélène et Deschamps Sandrine (2017) « A new understanding of the old Loire alluviums from the Orléanais (France, Loiret): contributions from preventive archaeological surveys and ESR dating programme. », Quaternaire, vol. 28/1 (février), p. 105 - 128. DOI : 10.4000/quaternaire.7914. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01650197.

  • Maleval Véronique et Pitois Frédéric (2017) « Fonctionnement hydro-sédimentaire et bilan sédimentaire du lac de Saint-Germain-de-Confolens (Charente, France) : paramètres géomorphologiques à prendre en considération dans la gestion du lac », Physio-Géo - Géographie Physique et Environnement (novembre). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01649319.

  • Maraud Simon et Desbiens Caroline (2017) « Eeyou Istchee – Baie James : vers un capital environnemental mixte ? », Norois -Poitiers-, 243, p. 71-88. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01628944.
    Résumé : La Baie James (Eeyou Istchee) est un territoire subarctique du Québec sujet à différents types d’investissement dans l’environnement. Ceux-ci sont longtemps apparus comme le résultat d’un rapport de domination entre le gouvernement québécois – et sa vision du champ environnemental – et les Autochtones de la région – les Cris (Eeyouch). Suite à l’activisme politique de ces derniers, l’hégémonie du système de valeurs capitaliste occidental a graduellement intégré certains investissements cris dans le développement de la région. Cette redéfinition du capital environnemental de la Baie James pose un certain nombre de questionnements. Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en lumière si la construction du capital environnemental est aujourd’hui une véritable remise en question d’une vision de la nature ressourciste – mêlant alors ontologies occidentale et crie – ou bien une nouvelle forme de capitalisme socialement et moralement plus acceptable.


  • Mayoral Pascual Alfredo, TOUMAZET Jean-Pierre, François-Xavier Simon, Vautier Franck et Peiry Jean-Luc (2017) « The Highest Gradient Model: A New Method for Analytical Assessment of the Efficiency of LiDAR-Derived Visualization Techniques for Landform Detection and Mapping », Remote Sensing, 9 (2) (février), p. 120. DOI : 10.3390/rs9020120. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01464694.
    Résumé : ALS-derived raster visualization techniques have become common in recent years, opening up new possibilities for subtle landform detection in earth sciences and archaeology, but they have also introduced confusion for users. As a consequence, the choice between these visualization techniques is still mostly supported by empirical knowledge. Some attempts have been made to compare these techniques, but there is still a lack of analytical data. This work proposes a new method, based on gradient modelling and spatial statistics, to analytically assess the efficacy of these visualization techniques. A selected panel of outstanding visualization techniques was assessed first by a classic non-analytical approach, and secondly by the proposed new analytical approach. The comparison of results showed that the latter provided more detailed and objective data, not always consistent with previous empirical knowledge. These data allowed us to characterize with precision the terrain for which each visualization technique performs best. A combination of visualization techniques based on DEM manipulation (Slope and Local Relief Model) appeared to be the best choice for normal terrain morphometry, occasionally supported by illumination techniques such as Sky-View Factor or Negative Openness as a function of terrain characteristics.
    Mots-clés : highest gradient model, landforms detection, LiDAR, microtopography, spatial statistics, visualization techniques.


  • Mayoral Pascual Alfredo, TOUMAZET Jean-Pierre, François-Xavier Simon, Vautier Franck et Peiry Jean-Luc (2017) « The Highest Gradient Model: A New Method for Analytical Assessment of the Efficiency of LiDAR-Derived Visualization Techniques for Landform Detection and Mapping », Remote Sensing, 9 (2) (février), p. 120. DOI : 10.3390/rs9020120. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01464694.
    Résumé : ALS-derived raster visualization techniques have become common in recent years, opening up new possibilities for subtle landform detection in earth sciences and archaeology, but they have also introduced confusion for users. As a consequence, the choice between these visualization techniques is still mostly supported by empirical knowledge. Some attempts have been made to compare these techniques, but there is still a lack of analytical data. This work proposes a new method, based on gradient modelling and spatial statistics, to analytically assess the efficacy of these visualization techniques. A selected panel of outstanding visualization techniques was assessed first by a classic non-analytical approach, and secondly by the proposed new analytical approach. The comparison of results showed that the latter provided more detailed and objective data, not always consistent with previous empirical knowledge. These data allowed us to characterize with precision the terrain for which each visualization technique performs best. A combination of visualization techniques based on DEM manipulation (Slope and Local Relief Model) appeared to be the best choice for normal terrain morphometry, occasionally supported by illumination techniques such as Sky-View Factor or Negative Openness as a function of terrain characteristics.
    Mots-clés : highest gradient model, landforms detection, LiDAR, microtopography, spatial statistics, visualization techniques.

  • Metzger Alexis (2017) « Le climat dans des images de paysage : éléments d'analyse », M@ppemonde, 119 (janvier). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01448513.
    Mots-clés : climat, images, paysage, peinture.

  • Metzger Alexis et Martine Tabeaud (2017) « Reconstruction of the winter weather in East Friesland at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries (1594-1612) », Climatic Change, 141 (2) (février), p. 331-345. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01448514.
    Résumé : Historical climatology research dealing with the pre-instrumental period has rarely been able to include the weather on a daily scale. Other than for specific, extremely well documented events, reconstructions only concern longer-term weather patterns (monthly, seasonal or annual). Yet at the end of the 16th century, David Fabricius recorded the weather, day after day, in his notebooks. In the middle of the Little Ice Age, he was a pastor in East Friesland (currently in the north-west of Germany) and a meteorology enthusiast. This documentary source is one of the richest available for reconstructing the weather at a time before measuring instruments gave systematic readings. Fabricius observed the weather and noted in his diary some terms that were more or less objective (such as cloudy, rain, snow) whilst others were more subjective (such as hot, warm, beautiful weather). We are therefore obliged, in this paper, to propose quantitative climatic reconstructions produced by “making do” with these notes about the weather as Fabricius perceived it. Our paper is focused on the reconstruction of winter weather (December, January and February) during the period covered by Fabricius’ notebook (1594-1612). Thanks to this notebook, it is possible to discern reasonably accurately the number of days of frost and snow and also to suggest a summary of winter weather types according to the number of days of precipitation. We compare Fabricius’ observations with other climatic reconstructions in Europe and also look at whether blockage phases, able to generate advection of cold air, happened frequently, this being one of the possibilities that could explain the cooling in Europe during the Little Ice Age.
    Mots-clés : Little Ice Age, weather diary, weather patterns, winter.


  • Muñoz-Mas Rafael, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Andrés-Doménech Ignacio, Corenblit Dov, Egger Gregory, Francés Félix, Ferreira Maria Teresa, García-Arias Alicia, Politti Emilio, Rivaes Rui, Rodríguez-González Patricia María, Steiger Johannes, Vallés-Morán Francisco et Martínez-Capel Francisco (2017) « Exploring the key drivers of riparian woodland successional pathways across three European river reaches », Ecohydrology, 10 (8) (août 17). DOI : 10.1002/eco.1888. https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01673043.
    Résumé : Climate change and river regulation are negatively impacting riparian vegetation. To evaluate these impacts, process‐based models are preferred over data‐driven approaches. However, they require extensive knowledge about ecohydrological processes. To facilitate the implementation of such process‐based models, the key drivers of riparian woodland successional pathways across three river reaches, in Austria, Portugal, and Spain, were explored, employing two complementary approaches. The principal component analyses highlighted the importance of the physical gradients determining the placement of the succession phases within the riparian and floodplain zones. The generalized additive models revealed that the initial and pioneer succession phases, characteristic of the colonization stage, appeared in areas highly morphodynamic, close in height and distance to the water table, and with coarse substrate, whereas elder phases within the transitional and mature stages showed incremental differences, occupying less dynamic areas with finer substrate. The Austrian site fitted well the current successional theory (elder phases appearing sequentially further up and distant), but at the Portuguese site, the tolerance of the riparian species to drought and flash flood events governed their placement. Finally, at the Spanish site, the patchy distribution of the elder phases was the remnants of formative events that reshaped the river channel. These results highlight the complex relationships between flow regime, channel morphology, and riparian vegetation. The use of succession phases, which rely on the sequential evolution of riparian vegetation as a response to different drivers, may be potentially better reproducible, within numerical process‐based models, and transferable to other geographical regions.

  • Paradis-Grenouillet Sandrine et Dufraisse Alexa (2017) « Deciduous oak/chestnut: Differential shrinkage of wood during charcoalification? Preliminary experimental results and implications for wood diameter study in anthracology », Quaternary International (juillet). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01643292.

  • Poiraud Alexandre et Dandurand Grégory (2017) « De la géoconservation au géotourisme : Un glissement de paradigme. », Annales de géographie, 717, p. 625-653. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01670714.


  • Py-Saragaglia Vanessa, Cunill Artigas Raquel, Métailié Jean-Paul, Ancel Bruno, Baron Sandrine, Paradis-Grenouillet Sandrine, Lerigoleur Emilie, Badache Nassima, Barcet Hugues et Galop Didier (2017) « Late Holocene history of woodland dynamics and wood use in an ancient mining area of the Pyrenees (Ariège, France) », Quaternary International, 458 (novembre), p. 141 - 157. DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.012. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01760722.


  • Rapinel Sebastien, Dusseux Pauline, Bouzillé Jan-Bernard, Bonis Anne, Lalanne Arnault et Hubert-Moy Laurence (2017) « Structural and functional mapping of geosigmeta in Atlantic coastal marshes (France) using a satellite time series », Plant Biosystems, 152 (5) (août 8), p. 1101-1108. DOI : 10.1080/11263504.2017.1418447. https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01832715.
    Résumé : Geosynphytosociology deals with the study of combinations of vegetation series – or geosigmeta – within landscape. Its main advantage is to assess conservation status based on vegetation dynamics. However, this field-based approach has not been widely applied, because local surveys are not representative of spatio-temporal landscape complexity, which leads to uncertainties and errors for geosigmeta structural and functional mapping. In this context, satellite time series appear as relevant data for monitoring vegetation dynamics. This article aims to assess the contribution of an annual satellite time series for geosigmeta structural and functional mapping. The study area, which focuses on the French Atlantic coast (4630 km²), includes salt, brackish, sub-brackish and fresh marshes. A structural vegetation map was derived from the classification of an annual time series of 38 MODIS images validated with field surveys. The functional vegetation map was derived from the annual Integral of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI-I), as an indicator of above-ground net primary production. Results show that geosigmeta were successfully mapped at a scale of 1:250,000 with an overall accuracy of 82.9%. The geosigmeta functional map highlights a strong gradient from the lowest NDVI-I values in salt marshes to the highest values in fresh marshes.

  • Richard Frédéric, Tommasi Greta et Saumon Gabrielle (2017) « Le capital environnemental, nouvelle clé d'interprétation de la gentrification rurale ? », Norois -Poitiers-, 2017/2 (243), p. 89 - 110. (Capital environnemental et espaces emblématiques). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01648463.
    Résumé : Encore confidentielle en France, mais déjà bien ancrée dans la littérature anglo-saxonne, l’approche proposée par la gentrification rurale permet une lecture renouvelée des dynamiques contemporaines des espaces ruraux, mettant entre autres choses l’environnement au cœur des transformations socio-spatiales et soulignant les inégalités liées à ce processus. À travers les recherches empiriques menées dans trois terrains singuliers mais unis par leur caractère emblématique (les campagnes anglaises, le Montana, la Montagne limousine), l’article propose d’explorer le processus de gentrification en l’interrogeant par le prisme du capital environnemental : cet actif social rend compte des investissements des gentrifieurs dans l’environnement, réalisés selon des valeurs spécifiques, dans le but de satisfaire leurs intérêts et leurs objectifs. Par le jeu de conversion et reconversion des capitaux qu’elle suggère, cette grille de lecture permet alors d’appréhender les rapports de force et les inégalités d’accès à l’environnement que le processus implique, et se révèle un outil efficace pour une lecture transnationale de la gentrification rurale.
    Mots-clés : capital, conflit, domination, environnemental, gentrification, inégalités, recomposition, rurale, sociale.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2017) « Comment le Chili développe-t-il ses stratégies de communication vitivinicole ? », Geographicalia. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01899961.


  • Saulnier Mélanie, Roques Alain, Guibal Frédéric, Rozenberg Philippe, Saracco Ginette, Corona Christophe et Edouard Jean-Louis (2017) « Spatiotemporal heterogeneity of larch budmoth outbreaks in the French Alps over the last 500 years », Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 47 (5), p. 667 - 680. DOI : 10.1139/cjfr-2016-0211. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01605939.
    Mots-clés : alpes, alpes françaises, changement climatique, climate change impact, Complex Continuous Wavelet Transdorm, espèce invasive, european larch (tree), évolution spatiotemporelle, French Alps, global change, hétérogénéité spatiale, hétérogénéité temporelle, impact climatique, insect outbreak, invasion biologique, larch, larch budmoth, larix decidua, mélèze, modèle d'expansion, propagation, spatiotemporal heterogeneity, tordeuse des bourgeons, Transformee en ondelettes complexes continues, zeiraphera griseana.


  • shindo lisa, Belingard Christelle, Edouard Jean-Louis et Saulnier Mélanie (2017) « A long-term tree-ring chronology over 796 years for silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in Southern France », Annals of Forest Science, 74 (4), p. 67. DOI : 10.1007/s13595-017-0664-8. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01678233.
    Résumé : A 796 years chronology spanning the period 1214–2009 has been built. Data can be used for dating projects, paleoecology studies and climate reconstructions. Datasets access at https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01528324. Associated metadata available at: https://metadata-afs.nancy.inra.fr/geonetwork/srv/fre/catalog.search#/metadata/a74b4869-318c-458c-a5fe-f9ff44a5082c Abstract A 796 years tree-ring master chronology (1214-2009) was compiled for Silver fir (Abies alba Mill.). This data was collected from 515 living trees and archaeological timbers, in 31 sites in Northern Alps (Maurienne) to Southern Pre-Alps (Ventoux). The results are 31 site chronologies with good correlations, even at long distance The master chronology is available and can be accessed through a website database. This information can be used for numerous projects, such as historical dating, paleoecology studies, and climate reconstruction. It is the hope of the authors that this information can be widely utilized and continuously updated to benefit future research.
    Mots-clés : Abies alba Mill, Alps, chronology, climate, Dating, Ecology, Ring width.

  • Sicard Sandra, Belingard Christelle, Bertrand Isabelle, Bujard Sophie, Coutelas Arnaud, Doulan Cécile, Genies Chloé, Grall Morgan, Guédon Stéphanie, Gueguen Jean-François, Hourcade David, Bomin Joachim Le, Loiseau Christophe, Rocque Gabriel, Soulas Sylvie, Tendron Graziella et Vissac Carole (2017) « Cassinomagus (Charente). L'agglomération et son ensemble monumental : chronologie, organisation et techniques », Bulletin de l’Association des Archéologues du Poitou-Charentes, p. 17-28. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01696633.

  • Surmely Frédéric, Costamagno Sandrine, Franklin Jay et Hays Maureen (2017) « Découverte d'un nouveau gisement du Magdalénien moyen à Enval (Vic-le-Comte, Puy-de-Dôme) », Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française, 114, p. 173-176. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01891584.


  • Tissoux Hélène, Prognon François, Martelet Guillaume, Tourlière Bruno, Despriée Jackie, Liard Morgane et Lacquement Frederic (2017) « Contribution of airborne gamma spectrometry to both characterisation and mapping of fluvial silico-clastic deposits in Loire Valley and Sologne (Centre, France) », Quaternaire, vol. 28/1 (février), p. 87 - 103. DOI : 10.4000/quaternaire.7848. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01650201.

  • Tommasi Greta, Saumon Gabrielle et Richard Frédéric (2017) « Le capital environnemental pour penser les dynamiques socio-environnementales des espaces emblématiques », Norois -Poitiers-, 2017/2 (243). (Capital environnemental et espaces emblématiques). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01648459.


  • TOUMAZET Jean-Pierre, Vautier Franck, Roussel Erwan et Dousteyssier Bertrand (2017) « Automatic detection of complex archaeological grazing structures using airborne laser scanning data », Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 12 (avril), p. 569-579. DOI : 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.03.012. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01627607.
    Résumé : The use of Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) for archaeological purposes is becoming more prevalent in order to detect and to document remains located in forested areas. One of the main interests of airborne laser scanning is to put the archaeological information in their context, and to allow a better understanding of the relation between each item and its environment. This concept of archaeological landscape generally results in a too large amount of data to permit a manual analysis. This paper describes an approach for the automatic detection of elementary archaeological grazing structures, found in high concentration in some places of Auvergne (France). These elementary structures are generally connected, creating complex archaeological grazing sets. The detection process is based on the design of a model of an elementary grazing structure. The automatic detection is then carried out, based on the evaluation of the matching degree of each element with the model and on their belonging to complex archaeological grazing structures. The efficiency of the method is tested, by comparison with the manual digitalisation of an expert, on a restricted zone, and the results show that the success rate of the automatic detection reaches higher values than classical template matching approaches. The additional criterion, based on the belonging of each elementary structure to a more complex one, improves the detection success: In a complementary way, this approach offers new opportunities: it is also possible to detect complex structures with a template matching approach, if they contain some simple forms, that can be modelled.
    Mots-clés : Archaeological structures, Digital terrain model DTM, Geoarcheology, LiDAR, Local relief model.
2016


  • Alcaraz-Hernández J., Muñoz-Mas R., Martínez-Capel F., Garófano-Gómez Virginia et Vezza P. (2016) « Generalized additive models to predict adult and young brown trout ( Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 ) densities in Mediterranean rivers », Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32 (1) (février), p. 217 - 228. DOI : 10.1111/jai.13025. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01899744.


  • Andrieux Eric, Bertran Pascal, Antoine Pierre, Deschodt Laurent, Lenoble Arnaud, Coutard Sylvie, Ajas Aurelie, Borderie Quentin, Coutard Jean-Pierre, Didierjean Francois, Dousteyssier Bertrand, Ferrier Catherine, GARDÈRE Philippe, Thierry, Liard Morgane, Locht Jean‑Luc, Naton Henri‑Georges, RUE Mathieu, Sitzia Luca, Vliet-Lanoe Brigitte Van et Vernet Gérard (2016) « Database of pleistocene periglacial featuresin France: description of the online version », Quaternaire, vol. 27/4 (décembre), p. 329 - 339. DOI : 10.4000/quaternaire.7717. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01650209.


  • Beauger Aude, WETZEL CARLOS, Voldoire Olivier, Garreau Alexandre et Ector Luc L. (2016) « Sellaphora labernardierei (Sellaphoraceae, Bacillariophyta), a new epilithic species from French spring and four new combinations within the genus Sellaphora », Phytotaxa, 260 (3) (mai). DOI : 10.11646/phytotaxa.260.3.3. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01797949.

  • Beaurain Christophe et Amoussou Béranger (2016) « Les enjeux du développement de l'énergie solaire au Bénin. Pistes de réflexion pour une approche territoriale », Mondes en Développement. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770088.

  • Beaurain Christophe et Andrieu Marc (2016) « La ville durable comme fard de la ville néolibérale. Penser l'urbain d'aujourd'hui sans ø eillères », Revue du MAUSS permanente. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770082.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Taglioni François (2016) « Les territoires insulaires : des lieux d'exception ? », Cultures et sociétés, 40, p. p.44-49. (“ Île, état du lieu ”). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01389910.
    Résumé : « La spécificité insulaire n’existe pas, sauf pour ceux qui y croient » lançait Rémy Knafou (cité par Péron, 1996, p.39) en guise de provocation. Mais au fond, l’essentiel n’est pas de savoir si les territoires insulaires sont ou pas des lieux structurellement et fondamentalement différents. Quelle que soit la manière dont on les considère, comme des mondes en miniature ou comme des mondes à part, la force des sentiments d’îléité et d’insularisme qui anime la plupart des sociétés insulaires est telle qu’elle a, de fait, produit et construit progressivement des lieux d’exception qui se singularisent objectivement aujourd’hui dans leur fonctionnement social, économique et politique. Il n’est de lieux que d’hommes.
    Mots-clés : Antimonde, Iléité, Insularisme, Insularité.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Taglioni François (2016) « Les territoires insulaires : des lieux d'exception ? », Cultures et sociétés. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915753.


  • Bertran Pascal, Liard Morgane, Sitzia Luca et Tissoux Hélène (2016) « A map of Pleistocene aeolian deposits in Western Europe, with special emphasis on France », Journal of Quaternary Science, 31 (8) (novembre). DOI : 10.1002/jqs.2909. https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01696204.
    Résumé : he Land Use and Cover Area frame Statistical survey (LUCAS) database on topsoil properties in Europe was used to map aeolian deposits. The points which satisfy the grain-size criteria of coversands, loess and transitional facies were extracted from the rasters of predicted soil texture established by kriging of the LUCAS data by Ballabio et al. (2016). A comparison with already available maps, derived from a conventional field approach, shows a good fit in most of the tested areas. The new map, however, suggests a greater extension of loess, which seems related to the inclusion of thin loess covers, usually omitted by conventional mapping, and the presence of previously unmapped areas due to lack of survey or misinterpretation. The main source of aeolian particles corresponds to glacio-fluvial sediments at the margin of the Scandinavian and Alpine ice sheets. Coversands and loess form a broad band across northern Europe, and in the Rh^one, Rhine and Danube valleys. Large areas on the outskirts of these deposits also received a significant loess contribution, which has been reworked in slope deposits. Conversely, southern Europe is characterized by much less loess accumulation. The Atlantic coast has transgressive dune fields that penetrate inland to varying degree


  • Casado Ana Casado, Peiry Jean-Luc et Campo Alicia (2016) « Geomorphic and vegetation changes in a meandering dryland river regulated by a large dam, Sauce Grande River, Argentina », Geomorphology, 268 (septembre), p. 21 - 34. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.05.036. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01771072.


  • Casado Ana, Peiry Jean-Luc et Campo Alicia M. (2016) « Geomorphic and vegetation changes in a meandering dryland river regulated by alarge dam, Sauce Grande River, Argentina », Geomorphology (juin). DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.05.036. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01332432.
    Résumé : This paper investigates post-dam geomorphic and vegetation changes in the Sauce Grande River, a meandering dryland river impounded by a large water-conservation dam. As the dam impounds a river section with scarce influence of tributaries , sources for fresh water and sediment downstream are limited. Changes were inspected based on (i) analysis of historical photographs/imagery spanning pre-(1961) and post-dam (1981, 2004) channel conditions for two river segments located above and below the dam, and (ii) field survey of present channel conditions for a set of eight reference reaches along the river segments. Whilst the unregulated river exhibited active lateral migration with consequent adjustments of the channel shape and size, the river section below the dam was characterized by (i) marked planform stability (93 to 97%), and by (ii) vegetation encroachment leading to alternating yet localized contraction of the channel width (up to 30%). The present river displays a moribund, stable channel where (i) redistribution of sediment along the river course no longer occurs and (ii) channel forms constitute a remnant of a fluvial environment created before closing the dam, under conditions of higher energy. In addition to providing new information on the complex geomorphic response of dry-land rivers to impoundment, this paper represents the very first geomorphic assessment of the regulated Sauce Grande and therefore provides an important platform to underpin further research assessing the geomorphic state of this highly regulated dryland river.
    Mots-clés : Dryland rivers, Flow regulation, Geomorphic changes, Paso de las Piedras Dam, Sauce Grande River, Vegetation changes.

  • Chanteloup Laine et Perrin-Malterre Clémence (2016) « Le milieu montagnard, entre espace de pratiques sportives et territoire animal : le regard des pratiquants. », Historiens et géographes, 439, p. p.67 - p.70. https://hal-sde.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01816278.


  • Chenet Marie, Brunstein Daniel, Jomelli Vincent, Roussel Erwan, Rinterknecht Vincent, Mokadem Fatima, Biette Melody, Robert Vincent et Léanni Laëtitia (2016) « 10Be cosmic-ray exposure dating of moraines and rock avalanches in the Upper Romanche valley (French Alps): Evidence of two glacial advances during the Late Glacial/Holocene transition », Quaternary Science Reviews, 148 (septembre), p. 209 - 221. DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.07.025. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01480986.
    Mots-clés : 10Be cosmic-ray exposure dating, French Alps, Glacier fluctuations, Holocene, Late Glacial.

  • Cognard Françoise (2016) « Pour en lire plus : Practising the Good Life: Lifestyle Migration in Practices », Téoros, Revue de Recherche en Tourisme, 36 (2), p. https://journals.openedition.org/teoros/3107. https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01818986.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Eichel Jana, Corenblit Dov et Dikau Richard (2016) « Conditions for feedbacks between geomorphic and vegetation dynamics on lateral moraine slopes: a biogeomorphic feedback window », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41 (3) (mars), p. 406 - 419. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3859. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900434.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Steiger Johannes, Charrier Gaspard, Darrozes José, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Garreau Alexandre, González Eduardo, Gurnell Angela M., Hortobágyi Borbála, Julien Frédéric, Lambs Luc, Larrue Sébastien, Otto Thierry, Roussel Erwan, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2016) « Populus nigra L. establishment and fluvial landform construction: biogeomorphic dynamics within a channelized river », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41 (mai), p. 1276–1292. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3954. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01381848.
    Résumé : Populations of the riparian pioneer species Populus nigra L. which establish on alluvial bars within river channels modulate sediment dynamics and fluvial landforms. Dense cohorts of P. nigra have colonized gravel point bars along the channelized River Garonne, France, during the last 20 years and have enhanced the vertical, lateral and longitudinal development of the bars. For this period, the geomorphic characteristics of two wooded point bars on this laterally stable river are closely linked to the spatial distribution and intensity of establishment and resistance of different cohorts of P. nigra. Furthermore, P. nigra colonization dynamics were controlled by engineer effects of this same species. This relationship is illustrated by a significant correlation between key geomorphic and biological variables measured in situ and characterized with a set of four aerial photographs taken between 2000 and 2010. The development of wooded point bars, which are discrete biogeomorphic units, over the studied period, appear to result from a specific biogeomorphic positive feedback of matter aggregation and vegetation establishment related to sediment trapping and stabilization by pioneer engineer plants.We propose a conceptual model of biogeomorphic unit construction for channelized, lateral stable rivers.We consider the resultant biogeomorphic units as functional from an ecological point of view because P. nigra enhances at the cohort scale (i) its own inherent capacity to resist hydrogeomorphic disturbances, and (ii) its resilience capacity as a result of successful colonization, especially downstream of mature poplar stands.
    Mots-clés : black poplar, fluvial landform, vegetation establishment.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Vidal Vincent, Cabanis Manon, Steiger Johannes, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Garreau Alexandre, Hortobágyi Borbála, Otto Thierry, Roussel Erwan et Voldoire Olivier (2016) « Seed retention by pioneer trees enhances plant diversity resilience on gravel bars: Observations from the river Allier, France », Advances in Water Resources, 93 (mars), p. 182–192. DOI : 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.02.015. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01381840.
    Résumé : Pioneer riparian trees which establish in river active tracts on gravel bars enhance fine sediment reten- tion during high flows within their stands and in their lee side, forming obstacle marks. Fine sediment retention can be accompanied by deposition of seeds transported by water dispersal, i.e. by hydrochory. We tested the hypothesis that pioneer riparian trees significantly control seed deposition on gravel bars by forming sediment obstacle marks. We described the seed bank structure and compared samples col- lected from obstacle marks and bare coarse-grained bar surfaces. At the surface (at 2 cm depth), seed abundance ( N ) and richness ( S ) (expressed as mean ±sd) were significantly higher in areas directly af- fected by riparian trees, i.e. obstacle marks, ( N : 693 ±391; S : 17 ±3) than in bare surfaces ( N : 334 ±371; S : 13 ±5). Surface and sub-surface (at 20 cm depth) samples were also significantly different, with the sub-surface samples almost devoid of seeds (respectively N : 514 ±413; S : 15 ±5 and N : 3 ±6; S : 1 ±2). These results suggest a biogeomorphic feedback between sediment and associated seed retention medi- ated by hydrochory, vegetation growth and local seed dispersal mediated by barochory. Such feedback may improve plant diversity resilience on gravel alluvial bars of high-energy rivers.
    Mots-clés : Facilitation, Pioneer riparian species, Sediment tails, Seed bank.


  • Daura J., Sanz M., Ramos J., Riera S., Miras Yannick, Allue E., Picornell-Gelabert L., Lopez-Reyes D., Albert R., Macia L., Domenech R., Martinell J., Fornos J. J. et Julia R. (2016) « Palaeoenvironmental record of the Cal Maurici wetland sediment archive in Barcelona (NE Iberian Peninsula) between c. 6000 and 4000 cal. yr BP », Holocene, 26 (7), p. 1020 - 1039. DOI : 10.1177/0959683616632891. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01375871.


  • Ejarque Ana, Julia Ramon, Reed Jane M, Francesc Mesquita-Joanes, Javier Marco-Barba et Riera Mora Santiago (2016) « Coastal Evolution in a Mediterranean Microtidal Zone: Mid to Late Holocene Natural Dynamics and Human Management of the Castellò Lagoon, NE Spain », PLoS ONE, 11, p. 155446 - 155446. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0155446.s003. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01396279.
    Résumé : We present a palaeoenvironmental study of the Castelló lagoon (NE Spain), an important archive for understanding long-term interactions between dynamic littoral ecosystems and human management. Combining geochemistry, mineralogy, ostracods, diatoms, pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, charcoal and archaeo-historical datasets we reconstruct: 1) the transition of the lagoon from a marine to a marginal environment between ~3150 cal BC to the 17 th century AD; 2) fluctuations in salinity; and 3) natural and anthropogenic forces contributing to these changes. From the Late Neolithic to the Medieval period the lagoon ecosystem was driven by changing marine influence and the land was mainly exploited for grazing, with little evidence for impact on the natural woodland. Land-use exploitation adapted to natural coastal dynamics, with maximum marine flooding hampering agropas-toral activities between ~1550 and ~150 cal BC. In contrast, societies actively controlled the lagoon dynamics and become a major agent of landscape transformation after the Medieval period. The removal of littoral woodlands after the 8 th century was followed by the expansion of agrarian and industrial activities. Regional mining and smelting activities polluted the lagoon with heavy metals from the ~11 th century onwards. The expansion of the milling industry and of agricultural lands led to the channelization of the river Muga into the lagoon after ~1250 cal AD. This caused its transformation into a freshwater lake, increased nutrient load, and the infilling and drainage of a great part of the lagoon. By tracking the shift towards an anthropogenically-controlled system around ~750 yr ago, this study points out Mediterranean lagoons as ancient and heavily-modified systems, with anthropogenic impacts and controls covering multi-centennial and even millennial timescales. Finally, we contributed to the future construction of reliable seashell-based chronologies in NE Spain PLOS ONE |
    Mots-clés : Holocene, Human-environmental dynamics, Iberian Peninsula, Mediterranean coastal lagoon, Palaeoenvironment.


  • Gurnell M., Corenblit Dov Jean-François, García de Jalón D., González del Tánago M., GRABOWSKI R., O'Hare M. et Szewczyk M. (2016) « A Conceptual Model of Vegetation-hydrogeomorphology Interactions Within River Corridors », River Research and Applications, 32 (2) (février), p. 142 - 163. DOI : 10.1002/rra.2928. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900437.

  • Guyot Sylvain (2016) « Le front écologique, un concept pour interroger la géographie historique des politiques de protection de la nature : une comparaison Argentine, Chili et Afrique du Sud (1895-1994) », Dynamiques Environnementales - Journal international des géosciences et de l’environnement, 35 (mai 1), p. 30-57. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01719479.
    Résumé : Le front écologique est un concept diachronique et multiscalaire qui permet d’interroger et de comparer la géographie historique des politiques de protection de la nature en Argentine, au Chili et en Afrique du Sud. L’article aborde les différentes logiques historiques et géographiques des politiques de protection de la nature dans ces trois pays de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu’au début des années 1990. Sont ainsi évoqués les types de protection de la nature (faune sauvage, wilderness et forêt), les logiques de contrôle territorial (colonisation interne et frontières), la création de parcs nationaux à des fins nationalistes, la rivalité politique entre l’Etat et ses provinces, l’imposition de valeurs néolibérales sur la nature et les enjeux fonciers avec les évictions concomitantes de populations locales ou autochtones.


  • Hardiman Mark, Scott Andrew C., Pinter Nicholas, Anderson R. Scott, Ejarque Ana, Carter-champion Alice et Staff Richard A. (2016) « Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas », Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. B (1887–1895), 371 (mai). DOI : 10.1098/rstb.2015.0167. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01513621.
    Résumé : Recent studies have suggested that the first arrival of humans in the Americas during the end of the last Ice Age is associated with marked anthropogenic influences on landscape; in particular, with the use of fire which, would have given even small populations the ability to have broad impacts on the landscape. Understanding the impact of these early people is complicated by the dramatic changes in climate occurring with the shift from glacial to interglacial conditions. Despite these difficulties, we here attempt to test the extent of anthropogenic influence using the California Channel Islands as a smaller, landscape-scale test bed. These islands are famous for the discovery of the ‘Arlington Springs Man’, which are some of the earliest human remains in the Americas. A unifying sedimentary charcoal record is presented from Arlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island, based on over 20 detailed sedimentary sections from eight key localities. Radiocarbon dating was based on thin, fragile, long fragments of charcoal in order to avoid the ‘inbuilt’ age problem. Radiocarbon dating of 49 such fragments has allowed inferences regarding the fire and landscape history of the Canyon ca 19–11 ka BP. A significant period of charcoal deposition is identified approximately 14–12.5 ka BP and bears remarkable closeness to an estimated age range of the first human arrival on the islands.
    Mots-clés : Arlington springs man, charcoal, fire, landscape history, radiocarbon dating.


  • Hortobágyi Borbála, Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Vautier Franck, Steiger Johannes, Roussel Erwan, Burkart Andreas et Peiry Jean-Luc (2016) « A multi-scale approach of fluvial biogeomorphic dynamics using photogrammetry », Journal of Environmental Management (septembre). DOI : 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.08.069. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01426679.
    Résumé : Over the last twenty years, significant technical advances turned photogrammetry into a relevant tool for the integrated analysis of biogeomorphic cross-scale interactions within vegetated fluvial corridors, which will largely contribute to the development and improvement of self-sustainable river restoration efforts. Here, we propose a cost-effective, easily reproducible approach based on stereophotogrammetry and Structure from Motion (SfM) technique to study feedbacks between fluvial geomorphology and riparian vegetation at different nested spatiotemporal scales. We combined different photogrammetric methods and thus were able to investigate biogeomorphic feedbacks at all three spatial scales (i.e., corridor, alluvial bar and micro-site) and at three different temporal scales, i.e., present, recent past and long term evolution on a diversified riparian landscape mosaic. We evaluate the performance and the limits of photogrammetric methods by targeting a set of fundamental parameters necessary to study biogeomorphic feedbacks at each of the three nested spatial scales and, when possible, propose appropriate solutions. The RMSE varies between 0.01 and 2 m depending on spatial scale and photogrammetric methods. Despite some remaining difficulties to properly apply them with current technologies under all circumstances in fluvial biogeomorphic studies, e.g. the detection of vegetation density or landform topography under a dense vegetation canopy, we suggest that photogrammetry is a promising instrument for the quantification of biogeomorphic feedbacks at nested spatial scales within river systems and for developing appropriate river management tools and strategies.
    Mots-clés : Fluvial biogeomorphologic feedbacks, Fluvial landforms, Multi-scale analysis, Riparian vegetation, Stereophotogrammetry, Structure from motion.

  • Maleval Véronique, Destombes Pierre-Brieuc et Astrade Laurent (2016) « Diagnostic et propositions d'actions relatifs à l'érosion des berges du Léman sur la commune de Thonon-les-Bains (Haute-Savoie, France) », Physio-Géo - Géographie Physique et Environnement, 10/2016 (avril), p. 20-43. (Physio Géo - Géographie Physique et Environnement). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01313049.
    Mots-clés : erosion, géomorphologie, geomorphology, Léman, Léman., protection, rate, rivage, sedimentation, shoreline, vitesse.

  • Maraud Simon et Guyot Sylvain (2016) « Mobilization of imaginaries to build Nordic Indigenous natures », Polar Geography, Volume 39 (Issue 3) (juillet 21), p. 196-216. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01628941.
    Résumé : This paper is about two Northern territories and peoples, the Sami in the Swedish Lapland and the Cree of James Bay (Quebec, Canada). This comparison aims to show how the North is commonly seen as a human desert – completely wild – and how this imaginative space is full of political and poetic constructions. The colonial vision of the North omits the Indigenous dimension of such territories or includes it as the Ecological Indian of Shepard Krech III. This study shows how what was a patronizing colonial perspective became a tool for the Sami and the Cree to legitimate their involvement in the management of local resources and the protection of nature. Simultaneously, the empowerment of the Indigenous inhabitants of the two Nordic lands – via protected areas such as Laponia or Assinica – is a means of development in the communities. In particular, it supports the emergence of tourism and thus reduces the mental gap between the South and the North and their peoples. Moreover, even when Indigenous tourism is criticized for the promotion of folklore and exoticism, it also enables young generations to reconnect with a culture in oblivion.

  • Metzger Alexis (2016) « Jouer dans le froid hollandais du XVIIe siècle à nos jours », Cultures & sociétés, 39, p. 62-72. (Vivre le froid : l'endurer, le déjouer, en jouer). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01378789.
    Mots-clés : Hiver, patinage, Siècle d'or, sport.

  • Metzger Alexis et Linton James (2016) « Les barrages-réservoirs et les inondations en », Espace Populations Sociétés, 3. (Interroger et comprendre les effets d'échelles de la vulnérabilité). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01378823.
    Mots-clés : aménagement, barrage, dams, floods, inondation, planning, représentation du risque, risk représentation, vulnérabilité, vulnerability.

  • Metzger Alexis et Linton James (2016) « Les barrages qui cachent l'eau. », VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement, 16 (3) (décembre). (Vulnérabilités environnementales : perspectives historiques). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01448511.
    Mots-clés : aménagement, barrage, dam, environmental history, flood, géohistoire, geohistory, gestion du risque, histoire environnementale, inondation, planning, risk management.

  • Metzger Alexis et TABEAUD Martine (2016) « A cultural geoclimatology », Géographie et cultures, 93-94 (juin), p. 175-188. (Géographie et cultures à Cerisy). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01378803.
    Mots-clés : climatologie historique, Espagne, géoclimatologie, geoclimatology, Hollande, landscape, Little Ice Age, Netherlands, painting, paysage, peinture, petit âge glaciaire, saison, season, Spain, type de temps, weather, XVIIe siècle, XVIIth century.


  • Mitroi Veronica, Deroubaix José-Frédéric, Vinçon-Leite Brigitte, Catherine Arnaud, Maleval Véronique et Humbert Jean-François (2016) « Évaluation de la qualité des plans d’eau urbains et périurbains : apport des approches transdisciplinaires et régionalisées », Natures Sciences Sociétés, 24 (3) (juillet), p. 203 - 216. DOI : 10.1051/nss/2016032. https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770099/document.
    Résumé : Les plans d'eau urbains, mal connus et souvent perçus comme trop ordinaires ou artificiels, suscitent des attentes de la part des riverains, des usagers et des gestionnaires. De telles attentes qui renvoient à des lectures différentes des plans d'eau génèrent des tensions qui font de l'objectivation de leur état un enjeu cognitif fort. Cet article montre les difficultés rencontrées pour éta-blir une telle caractérisation qui soit acceptable par les diverses parties prenantes. À la suite de plusieurs articles parus dans la revue sur les enjeux de production d'indicateurs d'état du milieu (NSS 1997, 5, 2 ; 2014, 22, 1), cette contribution met en avant la nécessité de prendre en compte aussi bien les points de vue des scientifiques que ceux des gestionnaires et des usagers. Ce fai-sant, elle questionne de manière tout à fait pertinente le rôle politique de la production de connaissances sur des objets d'appa-rence anodine, faisant progresser notre compréhension de l'interface science-société, sur des questions environnementales. La Rédaction Résumé – Produire des indicateurs de qualité des écosystèmes aquatiques anthropisés tenant compte des différents usages qui leur sont associés est un défi important qui ne peut être relevé qu'à l'interface de la recherche et de l'action. Dans cette optique, les auteurs portent un regard rétrospectif sur le travail mené pendant quatre ans au sein du programme de recherche PULSE afin d'évaluer la qualité des plans d'eau en Île-de-France. Après avoir montré l'intérêt d'étudier les plans d'eau périurbains, nous présen-tons comment le projet PULSE aborde ces objets hybrides, à mi-chemin entre « infrastructure urbaine » et « milieu naturel », à travers une approche transdisciplinaire centrée sur les usages de ces espaces. Nous discutons de la diversité des savoirs, des critères de valorisation de l'état de ces écosystèmes et des actions de gestion à travers lesquels les acteurs définissent la « qualité d'un plan d'eau ». Nous montrons ensuite jusqu'à quel point la transdisciplinarité permet d'imaginer des systèmes de caractérisation inno-vants et adaptés à la spécificité régionale de ces milieux et à leurs différents usages, tout en sachant que l'évaluation de ces systèmes n'échappe cependant pas à la nécessité, tant pour les scientifiques que pour les gestionnaires, de se référer à des critères de qualité universels et normatifs.


  • Poiraud Alexandre, Chevalier Mylène, Claeyssen Bertrand, Biron Pierre-Eymard et Joly Bertrand (2016) « From geoheritage inventory to territorial planning tool in the Vercors massif (French Alps): Contribution of statistical and expert cross approaches », Applied Geography, 71 (juin), p. 69-82. DOI : 10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.04.012. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01310698.
    Résumé : Geoheritage is a concept derived from the geosciences, initially referring to the preservation of geoscientific objects. This concept is now used in local or regional development, especially for promoting a territory via the supply of geotouristic services for example. In this way, geoheritage covers the domains of geography, social sciences and strategy planning. In these types of project, geoheritage is considered as a natural resource, which implies a good knowledge of the location and characteristics of the resources concerned. For this purpose, we require an inventory. In this paper, we explore a methodology to draw up a geoinventory adapted to the territorial project of Vercors as well as an analytical approach mixing multivariate statistics and expert knowledge to produce an objective and suitable territorial diagnosis. The statistical approach is PCA-based whereas the heuristic approach combines a blind-test with two non-expert teams and a heuristic classification by two experts. This heuristic approach was based only on visualization of radar chart. Despite the inherent subjectivity of such a methodology, this statistical-expert cross approach provides a consensual classification of the 79 listed geosites and a deeper understanding of the major components making up the inventory. This classification forms the basis of a territorial analysis which proposes the creation of 5 thematic spaces (glacio-tectonic, peleogeomorphology, hydrogeology, morpho-tectonic and stratigraphy) across the whole massif as new territories for the development of geoeducation and geotourism. Finally, the territorial strategy considers the Vercors massif as an important dynamic outdoor museum dedicated to environmental education based on a major contribution arising from the analysis of geoheritage.
    Mots-clés : Expert analysis, French Alps, Geoheritage, Geotourism, Multivariate statistics, Territorial planning.

  • Roussel Erwan, TOUMAZET Jean-Pierre, Marren Philip M. et Cossart Etienne (2016) « Iceberg jam floods in Icelandic proglacial rivers: testing the self-organized criticality hypothesis », Géomorphologie: …. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01627598.


  • Roussel Erwan, Toumazet Jean-Pierre, Marren Philip M. et Cossart Etienne (2016) « Iceberg jam floods in Icelandic proglacial rivers: testing the self-organized criticality hypothesis », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement, 22 (1) (avril), p. 37 - 49. DOI : 10.4000/geomorphologie.11229. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01598104.


  • Roussel Erwan, Toumazet Jean-Pierre, Philip Marren et Cossart Etienne (2016) « Iceberg jam floods in Icelandic proglacial rivers: testing the self-organized criticality hypothesis », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement (février). DOI : 10.4000/geomorphologie.11229. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01312715.
    Résumé : In this paper, we describe a fluvial marginal process associated with the formation of iceberg jams in Icelandic proglacial lakes. The floods triggered by the release of these iceberg jams have implications for the geomorphic evolution of the proglacial fluvial system. The process of iceberg jam floods share some conceptual characteristics with Self-Organized Criticality (SOC) approach of complex systems. Using a simple numerical model and field observations, we test the hypothesis that iceberg jam floods exhibit SOC. Field observations and aerial photo-interpretations in southeastern Iceland demonstrate the occurrence of icebergs jam in ice-contact lakes. The mapping of the south Vatnajökull margins between 2003 and 2012 reveals an increase of the calving potentiality and a rise in the likelihood of iceberg jam flood occurrence. Based on the results of the numerical model and field observations, we suggest that iceberg jam floods should be recognized as a SOC phenomenon. Analysis of the simulated time-series show that the iceberg jam floods become less frequent and more similar in magnitude over time. This global trend is related to the gradual enlargement of the lake outlet channel.
    Mots-clés : iceberg jam floods, Iceland, proglacial lakes, proglacial rivers, self-organized criticality.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2016) « Banyuls-sur-Mer, Un vignoble, de la réalité au mythe », Midi-Pyrénées Patrimoine. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01899958.


  • Schläppy Romain, Jomelli Vincent, Eckert Nicolas, Stoffel Markus, Grancher Delphine, Brunstein Daniel, Corona Christophe et Deschatres Michaël (2016) « Can we infer avalanche–climate relations using tree-ring data? Case studies in the French Alps », Regional Environmental Change, 16 (3) (mars), p. 629 - 642. DOI : 10.1007/s10113-015-0823-0. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01481287.
    Mots-clés : Alps, assessmentFrench, avalancheAvalanche–climate, DendrogeomorphologySnow, regressionHazard, relationsLogistic.


  • Scott Andrew C, Hardiman Mark, Pinter Nicholas, Anderson R. Scott, Daulton Tyrone L., Ejarque Ana, Finch Paul et Carter-champion Alice (2016) « Interpreting palaeofire evidence from fluvial sediments: a case study from Santa Rosa Island, California, with implications for the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis », Journal of Quaternary Science, 32 (1) (décembre), p. 35-47. DOI : 10.1002/jqs.2914. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01513609.
    Résumé : Fluvial sequences from the late Pleistocene to the Holocene are exposed in Arlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island, Northern Channel Islands, California, USA, including one outcrop that features centrally in the controversial hypothesis of an extra-terrestrial impact at the onset of the Younger Dryas. The fluvial sequence in Arlington Canyon contains a significant quantity and range of organic material, much of which has been charred. The purpose of this study was to systematically describe the key outcrop of the Arlington sequence, provide new radiocarbon age control and analyse organic material in the Arlington sediments within a rigorous palaeobotanical and palaeo-charcoal context. These analyses provide a test of previous claims for catastrophic impact-induced fire in Arlington Canyon. Carbonaceous spherular materials were identified as predominantly fungal sclerotia; ‘carbon elongates’ are predominantly arthropod coprolites, including termite frass. ‘Glassy carbon’ formed from the precipitation of tars during charcoalification. None of these materials indicate high-temperature formation or combustion. Charcoal and other materials in Arlington Canyon document widespread and frequent fires both before and after the onset of the Younger Dryas, recording predominantly low-temperature surface fires. In summary, we find no evidence in Arlington Canyon for an extra-terrestrial impact or catastrophic impact-induced fire.
    Mots-clés : charcoal, extra-terrestrial impact, fluvial sedimentology, stratigraphy, Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis.

  • TABEAUD Martine et Metzger Alexis (2016) « Jouer dans le froid des Pays Bas du 17eme siècle à nos jours », Cultures et sociétés, 39, p. 62-72. (Vivre le froid : l'endurer, le déjouer, en jouer). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01380341.
    Mots-clés : froid, Pays-Bas, XVIIe siècle.


  • Till-Bottraud Irène et de Villemereuil Pierre (2016) « Kin recognition or phenotype matching? », New Phytologist, 209 (1) (janvier), p. 13 - 14. DOI : 10.1111/nph.13554. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908406.


  • Vautier Franck, Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Hortobágyi Borbála, Fafournoux Laure et Steiger Johannes (2016) « Monitoring and reconstructing past biogeomorphic succession within fluvial corridors using stereophotogrammetry », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41 (10), p. 1448 - 1463. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3962. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01576287.
2015


  • Anderson R. Scott, Ejarque Ana, Rice Johnathan, Smith Susan J. et Lebow Clayton G. (2015) « Historic and Holocene environmental change in the San Antonio Creek Basin, mid-coastal California », Quaternary Research, 83 (2) (février), p. 273–286. DOI : 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.11.005. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01514991.
    Résumé : Using a combination of pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs) and charcoal particle stratigraphies from sediment cores from two sites, along with historical records, we reconstructed paleoenvironmental change in mid-coastal California. The San Antonio Creek section contains a discontinuous, Holocene-length record, while Mod Pond includes a continuous late Holocene record. Together the records allow for interpretation of most of the present interglacial. The longer record documents coastal sage scrub and chaparral dominated by woodland elements early in the Holocene to about 9000 yr ago, a potential decline in woodland communities with drying conditions during the middle Holocene to about 4800 yr ago, and an expansion of coastal sage scrub with grassland during the late Holocene. Evidence for climatic fluctuations during the last 1000 yr at Mod Pond is equivocal, suggesting that the Medieval Climate Anomaly–Little Ice Age had modest impact on the Mod Pond environment. However, evidence of significant environmental change associated with cultural transitions in the 18th–19th centuries is stark. Introduction of non-native plants, establishment of cattle and sheep grazing, missionization of the native population, changes in burning practices during the Spanish period and enhanced cropping activities during North American settlement worked together to substantially modify the mid-California coastal landscape in about a century's time.
    Mots-clés : California, Fire history, Holocene vegetation change, Human impact, Non-pollen palynomorphs, Pollen.

  • Arthur Messerli et Larrue Sébastien (2015) « Effets de l’arbuste envahissant Rhododendron ponticum L. sur quelques espèces indigènes de l’île de Rùm (Ecosse du nord-ouest) », Revue d'Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie), 70 (Spécial Espèces Invasives) (octobre), p. 68-79. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01226313.
    Résumé : Introduit dans les îles britanniques en 1763 pour sa valeur ornementale, Rhododendron ponticum (L.) est aujourd’hui un arbuste naturalisé dans tout le Royaume-Uni. Cette espèce est considérée comme l’une des plus envahissantes de Grande-Bretagne. Cette étude tente in situ de mettre en évidence les effets de Rhododendron ponticum sur quelques espèces indigènes de l’île de Rùm (Nord-Ouest de l’Écosse, Grande Bretagne) où les gestionnaires se sont notamment engagés dans des programmes de reboisement en espèces ligneuses indigènes. Nous avons comparé la diversité végétale (i.e., la richesse spécifique, l’abondance, et les indices de diversité de Shannon, Simpson et d’équitabilité) dans (1) des placettes de 100 m² situées en landes envahies et non envahies par Rhododendron ponticum, et (2) des îlots de sous-bois formés par des individus d’Ilex aquifolium (indigène) versus Rhododendron ponticum (introduite). Les placettes envahies par Rhododendron ponticum présentent globalement des indices de Shannon, Simpson et une équitabilité plus faibles. Dans les îlots, on observe la même tendance, les indices de diversité sont plus faibles sous les îlots à Rhododendron ponticum que sous ceux à Ilex aquifolium. Ces résultats laissent à penser que Rhododendron ponticum perturbe l’établissement des espèces indigènes avec notamment une moindre abondance des ptéridophytes telles que Dryopteris dilatata et Dryopteris filix-mas. Par ailleurs, les îlots à Ilex aquifolium présentent une diminution significative dans l’abondance de Rhododendron ponticum en sous-bois. Ilex aquifolium devrait donc accompagner les programmes de reboisement en espèces indigènes afin de diminuer l’invasion de Rhododendron ponticum en sous-bois.


  • Barbier Nicolas (2015) « La gestion controversée du feu dans les forêts nationales de l’Idaho et de l’ouest du Montana », Revue de Géographie Alpine. DOI : 10.4000/rga.2685. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01225933.
    Résumé : En Idaho et au Montana comme dans le reste des Montagnes Rocheuses états-uniennes, une partie de la population souhaite s’installer à proximité immédiate des aménités paysagères forestières. Le solde migratoire régional est fortement positif depuis un quart de siècle. Des feux de végétation d’intensité variable y détruisent des propriétés à intervalles réguliers. Certains de ces feux sont meurtriers. Ils constituent un enjeu régional humain, économique, politique et environnemental dont la portée risque de s’accroître dans un contexte de réchauffement climatique. Bon nombre de ces feux démarrent dans les immenses forêts nationales de la zone montagnarde (600 à 2100 mètres d’altitude dans la région étudiée) dominée par des pins Ponderosa et par des sapins Douglas. Entre la fin de la conquête de l’Ouest et les années 1970, les impacts anthropogéniques ont fait évoluer ces forêts et les régimes de feu auxquels elles sont soumises. Depuis une quarantaine d’années, les gestionnaires ont amorcé une restauration partielle et controversée des régimes de feu d’autrefois et des espaces qu’ils contribuent à façonner.
    Mots-clés : feu de végétation, forêt nationale, gestion, Idaho, Montana.


  • Barbier Nicolas (2015) « The controversial management of fire in the national forests of Idaho and western Montana », Journal of Alpine Research/Revue de Géographie Alpine. DOI : 10.4000/rga.2696. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01224560.
    Résumé : In Idaho and Montana just like in the rest of the U.S. Rocky Mountains, a part of the population wants to settle near forests perceived as environmental amenities. The regional net migration has been positive for about twenty-five years. Wildfires with variable intensity regularly destroy properties. Some of them kill people. Regionally, they are an important human, economic, political and environmental issue. Their significance is likely to increase due to global warming. A lot of these fires are ignited within the huge national forests of the montane zone (600 to 2,100 meters of elevation in the study area) dominated by Ponderosa pines and Douglas firs. Between the end of the conquest of the West and the 1970s, land uses have altered these forests and the fire regimes that affect them. For about four decades, managers have been involved in a partial and controversial restoration of pre-conquest fire regimes and forests they used to shape.
    Mots-clés : fire, Idaho, management, Montana, national forest.


  • Bartout Pascal, Touchart Laurent, Terasmaa Jaanus, Choffel Quentin, Marzecova Agata, Koff Tiiu, Kapanen Galina, Qsair Zoubida, Maleval Véronique, Millot Camille, Saudubray Julien et Aldomany Mohammad (2015) « A new approach to inventorying bodies of water, from local to global scale », Die Erde, 146 (4), p. 245-258. DOI : 10.12854/erde-146-. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01254299.
    Mots-clés : bodies of water, Inventory, lake, pond, scale.


  • Beauger Aude, Delcoigne Arnaud, Voldoire Olivier, Serieyssol Karen K. et Peiry Jean-Luc (2015) « Distribution of diatom, macrophyte and benthic macroinvertebrate communities related to spatial and environmental characteristics: the example of a cut-off meander of the River Allier (France) », Cryptogamie, Algologie, 36 (3), p. 1-33. DOI : 10.7872/crya/v36.iss3.2015.1. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01170337.
    Résumé : Currently, a consensus has been reached to protect and restore cut-off meanders. Therefore, it is important to understand how these wetlands function. To our knowledge, the spatial and temporal distribution of both benthic diatoms and macroinvertebrates, associated with macrophytes communities, linked to the geomorphology, has not been studied extensively. In the upstream and intermediate zones, the low water temperature and the high conductivity revealed a connection with the groundwater. Moreover, the geomorphological riffle characterizing the intermediate zone created the same downwelling and upwelling processes as in running water, with a groundwater/hyporheic/surface water ecotone and produced physico-chemical differences between the upstream and the downstream zones and thereby modify the diatom, macroinvertebrate and macrophyte distribution. Downstream, water input from the main channel of the Allier River allowed the development of taxa observed in the River. All these hydrological connections and the sedimentation modified the physical, chemical and geomorphological characteristics, thereby, creating a gradient of water quality, influencing the distribution of the biotic communities.
    Mots-clés : /, cut-off, diatoms, geomorphology, Macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, meander, water.


  • Beauger Aude, Delcoigne Arnaud, Voldoire Olivier, Serieyssol Karen et Peiry Jean-Luc (2015) « Distribution of Diatom, Macrophyte and Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities Related to Spatial and Environmental Characteristics: The Example of a Cut-Off Meander of the River Allier (France) », Cryptogamie Algologie, 36 (3) (août), p. 323 - 355. DOI : 10.7872/crya/v36.iss3.2015.323. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01771081.

  • Beaurain Christophe (2015) « Ville, nature et éco-quartiers : pour quels milieux humains ? », Revue Juridique de l'Environnement. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770063.

  • Beaurain Christophe et Delphine Varlet (2015) « Régulation des interactions au sein d'un réseau territorialisé d'entreprises dans le cadre de l'écologie industrielle. L'exemple de l'agglomération dunkerquoise. », Revue d'économie industrielle. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01770072.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2015) « Iles, frontières et migrations méditerranéennes : Lampedusa et les autres », L’Espace Politique, 25. http://espacepolitique.revues.org/3333.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2015) « Iles, frontières et migrations méditerranéennes : Lampedusa et les autres. », L'Espace Politique. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915754.

  • Boivin Pierre, Beauger Aude, Miallier Didier, Merciecca Charley, Miras Yannick, Roussel Erwan, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2015) « La Géologie du Creux de Soucy: un gouffre inexpliqué en milieu volcanique », Revue des Sciences Naturelles d'Auvergne. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01664233.


  • Bosi Giovanna, Benatti Alessandra, Rinaldi Rossella, Dallai Daniele, Santini Claudio, Carbognani Michele, Tomaselli Marcello et Bandini Mazzanti Marta (2015) « The memory of water: archaeobotanical evidence of wetland plants from Modena (Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy) and palaeoecological remarks », Plant Biosystems, 149 (1), p. 144-153. DOI : 10.1080/11263504.2014.998310. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126716.
    Résumé : Modena, founded by the Romans (183 BC), has always been conditioned by water in all its urban history. In the city, numerous archaeobotanical investigations have been carried out in order to reconstruct the natural landscape and human– environment interactions over time. During these investigations, four archaeological sites (two Roman and two medieval) have revealed deposits with a marked character of palaeobiocoenosis, largely resulting from the natural environment surrounding the sites, due to natural “seed rain”. These deposits are characterized by widespread evidence of plants related to water, constituting a valuable archive to investigate habitats which currently have become very rare and threatened, if they have not completely disappeared. The present paper aims to reveal the peculiarities of the Roman/medieval archaeocarpological floristic lists (through a comparison with the flora over the last two centuries in the area of Modena) and highlight the possible causes explaining the presence or the demise of several taxa, considering also the palaeoecological reconstruction of the environment in which they have been found.
    Mots-clés : Archaeobotany/ecology, Roman/medieval/recent, seeds/fruits, wetland.

  • Brkojewtisch Gaël, Jeandemange Sébastien, Asselin Guillaume, Bellavia Valentina, Caillat Pierre, Corsiez Amélie, Laurent Forelle, Galland Sophie, Herveux Linda, Leroy Marc, Marquié Sandrine, Merluzzo Paul, Morel Alexia, Pillard-Jude Cécile, Trommenschlager Ludovic et Wiethold Julian (2015) « La villa gallo-romaine d’Entre Deux Cours à Laquenexy (Moselle) : bilan de trois opérations de fouille préventive et d’une campagne de prospection géophysique », Gallia - Archéologie des Gaules, 72 (2) (décembre 15), p. 225-280. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01860776.
    Résumé : Three rescue excavations conducted in the years between 2007 and 2012, covering a total surface of 17,790 m2 and a campaign of geophysical prospection conducted in 2014 (total surface investigated: 20,000 m2 ) allowed to investigate extensively the archaeological remains of a Roman villa at the locality Entre Deux Cours, municipality of Laquenexy (Moselle, Lorraine, France). While the rescue excavations focused principally on the remains of the pars rustica, the geophysical prospection made it possible to investigate the maximal extension of the villa and to obtain first results concerning the features and architectural organization of the pars urbana. The architectural plan of the villa is well-fitting into the established typology of the villae of northeastern Gaule: the villa of Laquenexy belongs to the type of the villae “à pavillons multiples alignés” (villae of axial organisation, characterized by opposite rows of annexe buildings surrounding the central courtyard of the pars rustica). The agricultural part of the villa complex is characterized by five buildings constructed on stone foundations, but there have been also some wooden, probably timber-framed buildings, and, furthermore, the excavation revealed several postholes, hearths and ditches. These remains are characterizing this extended villa and agricultural exploitation, covering a total surface of about 4 hectares. Several features (circular oven constructions with straight fireying pit and corn drying kiln are indicating the importance of cereal production within the agricultural economy of the Gallo-Roman site. Archaeobotanical analysis has revealed valuable information concerning the agricultural activities and cereal production. The archaeological finds unearthed during the different excavations (iron tools, small metal objects, stone-made objects) have been studied extensively. This focus of the archaeological research enables us to characterize the find assemblage. Furthermore, a paleo-metallurgical study of slags has delivered remarkable results concerning activities like blacksmithing and metalworking. Stratigraphic information confronted with the results of the find analysis (ceramics, coins…) and two radiocarbon dates enable us to fix the chronological time frame of the Gallo-Roman occupation between the 1st and the 4th c. AD. Translation: Julian Wiethold Résumé. Trois fouilles de sauvetage menées entre 2007 et 2012 (surface totale fouillée : 17 790 m2) et une campagne de prospection géophysique réalisée en 2014 (surface totale étudiée : 20 000 m2) ont permis l’identification en intégralité d’une villa gallo-romaine sur la commune de Laquenexy (Moselle), au lieu-dit Entre Deux Cours. Alors que les recherches archéologiques ont porté principalement sur la pars rustica, la prospection a révélé l’extension maximale du domaine et a fourni des indices sur la nature des vestiges enfouis de la pars urbana. Le plan que dessine cet établissement l’inscrit dans une typologie courante dans le nord-est de la Gaule : les villae « à pavillons multiples alignés ». Dans la partie agricole, cinq bâtiments édifiés sur des fondations en pierre, des constructions en matériaux périssables ainsi que des poteaux, des fosses, des foyers et des fossés indiquent l’existence d’un vaste établissement de près de 4 ha. Plusieurs structures (fours circulaires à alandier droit et séchoir) soulignent l’importance de la céréaliculture dans cet établissement antique. L’étude des carporestes a apporté des précisions sur la nature des activités agricoles. Les artéfacts découverts lors des différentes opérations archéologiques (quincaillerie, petit mobilier métallique, céramique, mobilier en pierre) sont étudiés dans leur globalité. Cette démarche fait ressortir la spécificité du corpus. Une étude paléométallurgique sur les scories a livré des résultats significatifs permettant d’argumenter en faveur d’activités artisanales de forgeage. La confrontation des données stratigraphiques avec l’étude du mobilier archéologique (céramique, monnaie) et deux datations radiocarbone ont permis de fixer l’occupation gallo-romaine entre le Ier s. apr. J.-C. et le début du Ve s. apr. J.-C.


  • Cabanis Manon, Deberge Yann, Bouby Laurent, Hajnalovà Marià, Marinval Philippe, Mennessier-Jouannet Christine, Christine Vermeulen et Vernet Gérard (2015) « Changes in crop cultivation during the last five centuries before the Roman conquest: Archaeobotanical investigation in the Clermont-Ferrand basin, Massif Central, France », Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, p. in press. DOI : 10.1007/s12520-015-0260-5. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01170958.
    Résumé : For several decades, a growing number of protohistoric sites in Auvergne (Massif Central, France) - mostly excavated through preventive archaeology - have been subject to the collection of archaeobotanical analysis. This study presents the archaeobotanical results from ten La Tène sites dating from the last five centuries before the Roman conquest. In addition to providing an inventory of taxa, this paper concerns crops and crop cultivation methods. These results are interpreted in a wider context, dealing with crop husbandry, arable farming, storage and consumption practices. The sites are located in the Limagne plain within a fifty kilometre radius around the city of Clermont-Ferrand. A total of 23,579 carpological remains were identified from 163 sediment samples totalizing a volume of 1096 liters. Comparable to other sites in Gaul, the spectrum of cereals and pulses is restricted. Spelt (Triticum spelta), einkorn (Triticum monococcum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) are disappearing or become rare. A better control of agricultural techniques and increased yields are supposed during the ca. five centuries of the La Tène period. Mixed cultivation is hereby replaced by the sowing of monocrops. At the beginning of this period, farming systems are dominated by a polyculture of cereals and pulses. They become more specialized during the last two centuries before the Roman conquest; diversity of cereals and pulses is decreased.
    Mots-clés : agricultural practices, AUVERGNE, La Tène period, regional compilation, rescue Archaeology, seeds and fruits, urbanization process.


  • Casteller Alejandro, Stoffel Markus, Crespo Sebastian, Villalba Ricardo, Corona Christophe et Bianchi Emilio (2015) « Flash floods in the Patagonian Andes: A dendrogeomorphological approach. », Geomorphology, 228 (janvier), p. 116-123. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.08.022. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131643.
    Résumé : Flash floods represent a significant natural hazard in small mountainous catchments of the Patagonian Andes and have repeatedly caused loss to life and infrastructure. At the same time, however, documentary records of past events remain fairly scarce and highly fragmentary in most cases. In this study, we therefore reconstruct the spatiotemporal patterns of past flash flood activity along the Los Cipreses torrent (Neuquén, Argentina) using dendrogeomorphic methods. Based on samples from Austrocedrus chilensis, Pseudotsuga menziesii, and Nothofagus dombeyi, we document 21 flash flood events covering the period A.D. 1890–2009 and reconstruct mean recurrence intervals of events at the level of individual trees being impacted, which varies from 4 to 93 years. Results show that trees tend to be older (younger) in sectors of the torrent with gentler (steeper) slope gradients. Potential triggers of flash floods were analyzed using daily temperature and precipitation data from a nearby weather station. Weather conditions leading to flash floods are abundant precipitations during one to three consecutive days, combined with temperatures above the rain/snow threshold (2 °C) in the whole watershed.
    Mots-clés : Austrocedrus chilensis, dendrogeomorphology, Nothofagus dombeyi, Patagonian Andes, Pseudotsuga menziesii.


  • Chevallier Marius, Dellier Julien et Richard Frédéric (2015) « Les vertus discutables des circuits de proximité au regard de la précarité en milieu rural », GREP-POUR, 225 (1/2015), p. 237-243. DOI : 10.3917/pour.225.0237. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01163200.
    Résumé : Les circuits de proximité agroalimentaires bénéficient actuellement d’un engouement médiatique et politique. Ainsi, une recherche du terme « circuits courts » (voir encadré pour le vocabulaire) dans Factiva pour l’ensemble de la presse française renvoie à 3 articles en 2000, 16 en 2003, puis un quasi-doublement chaque année pour atteindre 4511 articles en 2014. Parallèlement, le sujet est arrivé sur l’agenda du gouvernement français avec le lancement d’un plan ministériel de développement des circuits courts en 2009 (Plan Barnier), suivi de plusieurs références aux circuits courts dans le programme national alimentaire (PNA) en 2011, dans la loi de Modernisation Agricole de 2010 et dans la loi d’Avenir pour l’agriculture de 2014.
    Mots-clés : circuits courts, circuits de proximité, limousin.


  • Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Lambs Luc, Bompy Félix, Imbert Daniel, Corenblit Dov et Dulormne Maguy M. (2015) « Seawater and Freshwater Circulations through Coastal Forested Wetlands on a Caribbean Island », Water, 7 (12) (décembre), p. 4108 - 4128. DOI : 10.3390/w7084108. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01900439.


  • Corenblit Dov, Baas Andreas, Balke Thorsten, Bouma Tjeerd, Fromard François, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, González Eduardo, Gurnell Angela M., Hortobágyi Borbála, Julien Frédéric, Kim Daehyun, Lambs Luc, Stallins J. Anthony, Steiger Johannes, Tabacchi Eric et Walcker Romain (2015) « Engineer pioneer plants respond to and affect geomorphic constraints similarly along water-terrestrial interfaces world-wide », Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24 (12), p. 1363–1376. DOI : 10.1111/geb.12373. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01229045.
    Résumé : AIM Within fluvial and coastal ecosystems world-wide, flows of water, wind and sediment generate a shifting landscape mosaic composed of bare substrate and pioneer and mature vegetation successional stages. Pioneer plant species that colonize these ecosystems at the land–water interface have developed specific traits in response to environmental constraints (response traits) and are able to modify habitat conditions by modulating geomorphic processes (effect traits). Changes in the geomorphic environment under the control of engineer plants often feed back to organism traits (feedback traits), and thereby ecosystem functioning, leading to eco-evolutionary dynamics. Here we explain the joint foundations of fluvial and coastal ecosystems according to feedback between plants and the geomorphic environment. LOCATION Dynamic fluvial and coastal ecosystems world-wide. METHOD Drawing from a pre-existing model of ‘fluvial biogeomorphic succession’, we propose a conceptual framework showing that fluvial and coastal ‘biogeomorphic ecosystems’ are functionally similar due to eco-evolutionary feedbacks between plants and geomorphology. RESULTS The relationships between plant traits and their geomorphic environments within different fluvial and coastal biogeomorphic ecosystems are identified and classified within a framework of biogeomorphic functional similarity according to three criteria: (1) pioneer plants develop specific responses to the geomorphic environment; (2) engineer plants modulate the geomorphic environment; (3) geomorphic changes under biotic control within biogeomorphic ecosystems feed back to organisms. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The conceptual framework of functional similarity proposed here will improve our capacity to analyse, compare, manage and restore fluvial and coastal biogeomorphic ecosystems world-wide by using the same protocols based on the three criteria and four phases of the biogeomorphic succession model.
    Mots-clés : biogeomorphic ecosystem, biogeomorphic succession, coastal dune, eco-evolutionary dynamics, mangrove, niche construction, plant trait, river, salt marsh.


  • Corenblit Dov, Davies Neil S., Steiger Johannes, Gibling Martin R. et Bornette Gudrun (2015) « Considering river structure and stability in the light of evolution: feedbacks between riparian vegetation and hydrogeomorphology », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 40 (2), p. 189-207. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3643. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.3643/abstract.
    Résumé : River ecological functioning can be conceptualized according to a four-dimensional framework, based on the responses of aquatic and riparian communities to hydrogeomorphic constraints along the longitudinal, transverse, vertical and temporal dimensions of rivers. Contemporary riparian vegetation responds to river dynamics at ecological timescales, but riparian vegetation, in one form or another, has existed on Earth since at least the Middle Ordovician (c. 450 Ma) and has been a significant controlling factor on river geomorphology since the Late Silurian (c. 420 Ma). On such evolutionary timescales, plant adaptations to the fluvial environment and the subsequent effects of these adaptations on fluvial sediment and landform dynamics resulted in the emergence, from the Silurian to the Carboniferous, of a variety of contrasted fluvial biogeomorphic types where water flow, morphodynamics and vegetation interacted to different degrees. Here we identify several of these types and describe the consequences for biogeomorphic structure and stability (i.e. resistance and resilience), along the four river dimensions, of feedbacks between riparian plants and hydrogeomorphic processes on contrasting ecological and evolutionary timescales. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Mots-clés : ecosystem resistance and resilience, fluvial biogeomorphic succession, functional effect and response traits, niche construction, Riparian vegetation, scale-dependant feedback, vegetation evolution.


  • Corona Christophe, Saez Jérôme Lopez, Stoffel Markus, Rovéra Georges, Edouard Jean-Louis et Guibal Frédéric (2015) « Impacts of more frequent droughts on a relict low-altitude Pinus uncinata stand in the French Alps », Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2 (82) (janvier), p. 10.3389/fevo.2014.00082. DOI : 10.3389/fevo.2014.00082. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131635.
    Résumé : Cold microclimatic conditions provide exceptional microhabitats to Pinus uncinata stands occurring at abnormally low altitudes in seven relict stands of the northern French Alps. Here, P. uncinata is located at the lower bounds of its ecological limits and therefore expected to provide a sensitive indicator of climate change processes. We used dendrochronological analysis to study the growth patterns of closely spaced chronologies across an elevational transect and compare a relict low-altitude to a P. uncinata stand located at the alpine treeline. Two detrending procedures are used to reveal high- and low-frequencies embedded in annually resolved ring-width series. Growth response of P. uncinata to instrumental temperature and precipitation data is investigated by means of moving response function analyses. Results show an increase in the sensitivity of tree-ring widths to drought during previous summer in both stands. At the treeline stand, an increasing response to fall temperature is observed whereby fall temperature and radial tree growth increased in two synchronous steps around ~1930 and from ~1980-present. At the low-altitude stand, P. uncinata appears more drought sensitive and exhibits a sharp growth decline since the mid-1980s, coinciding with increasing summer temperatures. Growth divergence between the two stands can be observed since the mid-1980s. We argue that the positive growth trend at the high-altitude stand is due to increasing fall temperatures which would favor the formation of metabolic reserves in conjunction with atmospheric CO2 enrichment that in turn would facilitate improved water use efficiency. At the relict low-altitude stand, in contrast, it seems that improved water use efficiency cannot compensate for the increase in summer temperatures.
    Mots-clés : climate change, dendroclimatology, elict pine stand, French Alps, response functions, tree-growth decline.


  • de Villemereuil P, Gaggiotti O., Mouterde M et Till-Bottraud I. (2015) « Common garden experiments in the genomic era: new perspectives and opportunities », Heredity, 116 (3) (octobre), p. 249 - 254. DOI : 10.1038/hdy.2015.93. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908394.

  • Delay Etienne et Chevallier Marius (2015) « Roger Dion, Toujours vivant! », Cybergeo : Revue européenne de géographie / European journal of geography (mars). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00933549.
    Résumé : Cet article explore au moyen d'un modèle en système multi­agent (SMA) les conditions d'émergence et de structuration historique des territoires de production des vins de qualité décrits dans l'œuvre de Roger Dion, et plus particulièrement dans son article intitulé "Querelles des anciens et des modernes sur les facteurs de la qualité du vin" de 1952 (Dion, 1952).
    Mots-clés : géographie sociale, Netlogo, Roger Dion, Systèmes multi-agents.


  • Delay Etienne, Chevallier Marius, Rouvellac Éric et Zottele Fabio (2015) « Effects of the Wine Cooperative System on Socio-economic Factors and Landscapes in Mountain Areas », Journal of Alpine Research/Revue de Géographie Alpine, p. http://rga.revues.org/2733. DOI : 10.4000/rga.2733. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01225874.
    Résumé : In an economy of increased globalization and trade, wine holds a privileged place. The wine cooperative system in vineyards in mountain regions, such as in Banyuls-sur-Mer, France and the Val di Cembra, Italy, offers a privileged context for studying the opportunities for individual action that affect precarious socio-economic balances. To understand, and sometimes predict, changes in the socio-economics and landscapes of a region due to cooperatives, we have used a multi-agent system (MAS) to model the behavior of the actors involved in wine production in a cooperative. This model analyses cooperative systems’ impact on socio-economic factors (income inequality and the rate of business failure) and landscapes (percentage of total land as vineyards, particularly in steep areas) of the regions considered. The findings show that cooperatives play a role of socio-economic and landscape stabilizer in these regions.
    Mots-clés : agent-based modeling, Cooperation, modelisation, slope, Vineyard landscape, viticulture, wine cooperative.


  • Delay Etienne, Piou Cyril et Quénol Hervé (2015) « The mountain environment, a driver for adaptation to climate change », Land Use Policy, 48 (novembre), p. 51-52. DOI : 10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.05.008. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01155576.
    Résumé : The mountain environment is perceived today by vine-growers as a strong structural constraint. Yet in the current context of climate change, in which we turn to genetics, irrigation or innovation in cultural practices to maintain production quality, could the mountain environment emerge as a solution for adapting to climate change in vine-growing? Here we explore the role of cooperative policies that may be deployed on the territorial scale, using an agent-based model. Our model was based on the viticulture of the Banyuls–Collioures AOC area, which is characterized by small-scale vine-growers and marked by widespread involvement in cooperative systems. The simulation results showed an important role of cooperative policies not only to conserve narrow production window and required vine quality, but also in respect of the emblematic landscape structure. These results should foster vine-growers to strengthen their cooperatives and adequately use these organizations to mitigate future climate change impacts.
    Mots-clés : Agent based modeling, climate change, landscape, viticulture.

  • Delay Etienne, Piou Cyril et Quénol Hervé (2015) « The mountain environment, a driver for adaptation to climate change », Land Use Policy, 48 (novembre), p. 51-62. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01155674.
    Résumé : The mountain environment is perceived today by vine-growers as a strong structural constraint. Yet in the current context of climate change, in which we turn to genetics, irrigation or innovation in cultural practices to maintain production quality, could the mountain environment emerge as a solution for adapting to climate change in vine-growing? Here we explore the role of cooperative policies that may be deployed on the territorial scale, using an agent-based model. Our model was based on the viticulture of the Banyuls-Collioures AOC area, which is characterized by small-scale vine-growers and marked by widespread involvement in cooperative systems. The simulation results showed an important role of cooperative policies not only to conserve narrow production window and required vine quality, but also in respect of the emblematic landscape structure. These results should foster vine-growers to strengthen their cooperatives and adequately use these organizations to mitigate future climate change impacts.
    Mots-clés : Agent based modeling, climate change, landscape, viticulture.
  • Didolot F. (2015) « Structure de la propriété forestière privée en 2012 », Forêt Entreprise, 222, p. 25-29.
  • Didolot F. (2015) « Le risque en forêt. Quels risques, quels comportements ? », Forêt Entreprise, 222, p. 21-24.
  • Didolot F. et Giry C. (2015) « Motivations et pratiques des propriétaires forestiers : des changements qui intéressent les européens », 222, p. 44-46.
  • Didolot F. et Picard O. (2015) « Pourquoi analyser le comportement des forestiers ? », Forêt Entreprise, 222, p. 18-20.


  • Ejarque Ana, Anderson R Scott, Simms Alexander R. et Gentry Beau J. (2015) « Prehistoric fires and the shaping of colonial transported landscapes in southern California: A paleoenvironmental study at Dune Pond, Santa Barbara County », Quaternary Science Reviews, 112 (mars), p. 181–196. DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.01.017. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01513641.
    Résumé : Using a novel combination of paleoecologic proxies including pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs), macroscopic charcoal, and Spheroidal Carbonaceous Particles (SCPs), 5000 years of landscape change, fire history and land-use have been reconstructed from Dune Pond, Santa Barbara County, California. The pond was sensitive to Holocene regional climatic variability, showing different phases of lower (4600–3700 cal yr BP, 2100–700 cal yr BP, historical period) and higher (3700–2100 cal yr BP, 700–150 cal yr BP) local moisture availability. During this period the landscape was dominated by a coastal mosaic vegetation including dune mats, coastal scrub and salt marshes on the dunes and backdunes, with chaparral and oak woodland growing in the valley plains and foothills. Fire was intimately linked with such dominating mosaic vegetation, and the combination of wet conditions and the presence of nearby human settlement were a trigger favoring coastal fires for at least two periods: from 3100 to 1500 cal yr BP and from 650 cal yr BP until the 18th century. In both cases fire was an important tool to keep an open coastal landscape attractive to hunting wildlife. Finally, matching this varied range of high-resolution paleoecological proxies with historical records we could characterize the development of colonial transported landscapes following the Euro-American settlement of Santa Barbara. The introduction of livestock grazing by Spanish colonists favored erosive processes and the introduction of fecal-borne parasites in freshwater bodies, negatively impacted salt and brackish coastal marshes, and promoted the invasion of alien grasses and ruderals. This agro-pastoral landscape was consolidated during the American period, with a greater role for cultivation, the development of industrial activities and increased population. Despite negative environmental consequences such as the loss of native habitats, exotic land-uses and plants introduced during the historical period significantly contributed to the configuration of a cultural landscape which forms part of the cultural heritage of California.
    Mots-clés : California, Colonial transported landscapes, Fire history, Non-pollen palynomorphs, Pollen, Spheroidal Carbonaceous Particles.


  • Fajardo Alex, Torres-Díaz Cristian et Till-Bottraud Irène (2015) « Disturbance and density-dependent processes (competition and facilitation) influence the fine-scale genetic structure of a tree species' population », Annals of Botany, 117 (1) (décembre), p. 67 - 77. DOI : 10.1093/aob/mcv148. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908402.


  • Favillier Adrien, Lopez-Saez Jérôme, Corona Christophe, Trappmann Daniel, Toe David, Stoffel Markus, Rovera Georges et Berger Frédéric (2015) « Potential of two submontane broadleaved species (Acer opalus, Quercus pubescens) to reveal spatiotemporal patterns of rockfall activity », Geomorphology, 246, p. 35 - 47. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.06.010. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01501581.
    Résumé : Long-term records of rockfalls have proven to be scarce and typically incomplete, especially in increasingly urbanized areas where inventories are largely absent and the risk associated with rockfall events rises proportionally with urbanization. On forested slopes, tree-ring analyses may help to fill this gap, as they have been demonstrated to provide annually-resolved data on past rockfall activity over long periods. Yet, the reconstruction of rockfall chronologies has been hampered in the past by the paucity of studies that include broadleaved tree species, which are, in fact, quite common in various rockfall-prone environments. In this study, we test the sensitivity of two common, yet unstudied, broadleaved species — Quercus pubescens Willd. (Qp) and Acer opalus Mill. (Ao) — to record rockfall impacts. The approach is based on a systematic mapping of trees and the counting of visible scars on the stem surface of both species. Data are presented from a site in the Vercors massif (French Alps) where rocks are frequently detached from Valanginian limestone and marl cliffs. We compare recurrence interval maps obtained from both species and from two different sets of tree structures (i.e., single trees vs. coppice stands) based on Cohen's k coefficient and the mean absolute error. A total of 1230 scars were observed on the stem surface of 847 A. opalus and Q. pubescens trees. Both methods yield comparable results on the spatial distribution of relative rockfall activity with similar downslope decreasing recurrence intervals. Yet recurrence intervals vary significantly according to tree species and tree structure. The recurrence interval observed on the stem surface of Q. pubescens exceeds that of A. opalus by N20 years in the lower part of the studied plot. Similarly, the recurrence interval map derived from A. opalus coppice stands, dominant at the stand scale, does not exhibit a clear spatial pattern. Differences between species may be explained by the bark thickness of Q. pubescens, which has been demonstrated to grow at twice the rate of A. opalus, thus constituting a mechanical barrier that is able to buffer low energy rockfalls and thus can avoid damage to the underlying tissues. The reasons for differences between tree structures are related to the clustered coppice-specific spatial stem distribution in clumps that could result on one hand in bigger gaps between clumps, which in turn decreases the probability of tree impacts for traveling blocks. On the other hand, data also indicate that several scars on the bark of coppice stands may stem from the same impact and thus may lead to an overestimation of rockfall activity.
    Mots-clés : Coppice stands, dendrogeomorphology, Forest–rockfall interactions, French Alps, Recurrence intervals, Submontane broadleaved species.


  • Fullola Josep M., Albizuri Silvia, Álvarez Ramón, Bergadà M. Mercè, Cebrià Artur, Daura Joan, Domingo Inés, Ejarque Ana et Al. Et (2015) « Seminari d'Estudis i Recerques Prehistòriques (SERP). », Pyrenae. DOI : 10.1344/Pyrenae2015.SpecialNumber.1.2. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01514997.
    Mots-clés : SERP, University of Barcelona.

  • Garnier Edwige et Serre Frédéric (2015) « Patrimoine, identité et développement territorial », éd. par Editions La Librairie des territoires. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01195724.
    Résumé : Et si l’on considérait que le patrimoine constituait un élément moteur d’identité et de développement territorial ? Dans une période de remise à plat des politiques publiques sur les territoires, et alors que ceux-ci sont à la recherche d’un projet collectif, il convenait de s’interroger sur la place du patrimoine dans la mobilisation des acteurs locaux et dans la recherche des retombées sociales et économiques. L’ouvrage « Patrimoine, identité et développement territorial » associe concepts, méthodes et récits d’expériences, il permet ainsi à tous ceux qui sont impliqués dans le devenir des territoires de trouver matière à enrichir leurs pratiques, à découvrir comment des éléments patrimoniaux peuvent devenir une richesse pour l’avenir de ces espaces de vie. Coordonné par Edwige Garnier et Frédéric Serre, ce livre a mobilisé un collectif de chercheurs de l’Université de Limoges, de l’EPL d’Ahun et de professionnels du développement territorial. Il s’appuie sur une formation universitaire, dont le montage original repose sur le soutien sans faille de collectivités territoriales, notamment creusoises.
    Mots-clés : développement, identité, patrimoine, projet de territoire, territoire.

  • Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Corenblit Dov Jean-François, Steiger Johannes, Moulia Bruno B., Ploquin Stéphane, Chaleil Patrice, Forestier Olivier, Evette André, Hortobágyi Borbála et Lambs Luc (2015) « Response of black poplar (Populus nigra L.) to hydrogeomorphological constraints: a semi-controlled ex situ experiment ». https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01121218.
    Mots-clés : Mechanical constraints, Populus nigra L, positive niche construction, response traits, sediment burial.

  • Guyot Sylvain, Dellier Julien et Antony Caillot (2015) « Our rural sense of place’: Rurality and Strategies of Self-Segregation in the Cape Peninsula (South Africa) », JSSJ Justice Spatiale / Spatial Justice, 7. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01118881.
    Mots-clés : Cape Peninsula, Cape Town, rurality, self-segregation, sense of place, South Africa.

  • Guyot Sylvain, Dellier Julien et Antony Caillot (2015) « « Our rural sense of place » Rurality and Strategies of Self-Segregation in the Cape Peninsula (South Africa) », Justice spatiale - spatial justice, 7 (janvier), p. http://www.jssj.org/article/our-rural-sense-of-place-ruralite-et-strategies-de-defense-de-lentre-soi-dans-la-peninsule-du-cap-afrique-du-sud/. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01718653/document.
    Résumé : The local use of so-called rurality as political ways to protect whiteness within the very segregated Cape Peninsula is informing on some racial resistance to post-apartheid change in South Africa. As the country as a whole, the Cape metropolis is marked by high socio-spatial inequalities. Post-apartheid spatial and demographic changes accelerated transformations of local governance. In that particular context, recent claims made by local resident’s associations to protect their rural identity - characterised by countryside place names, farming architecture and European cultural landscape,-appear to be a strategy of withdrawal opposed to urban sprawl and new metropolitan governance. Eventually, the defence of rurality seems to challenge spatial justice in favouring close-knit communities and socio-spatial segregation.


  • Guyot Sylvain et Guinard Pauline (2015) « L'art de (ré)imaginer l'Afrique du Sud », L'Information géographique, 79 (4), p. 70. DOI : 10.3917/lig.794.0070. https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01640569.

  • Hamidou Bello, Couratier Philippe, Nicol Marie, Delzor Aurélie, Boumédiène Farid, Preux Pierre-Marie et Marin Benoît (2015) « Incidence de la sclérose latérale amyotrophique en limousin (2000–2011) : résultats du premier registre français des cas de SLA (registre FRALIM) », Revue Neurologique, 11. DOI : 10.1016/j.neurol.2015.01.190.


  • Larrue Sébastien, Butaud J.-F., Dumas P. et Ballet S. (2015) « Native plant species richness on Eastern Polynesias remote atolls: Which abiotic factors influence its spatial pattern? », Progress in Physical Geography, p. 1–23. DOI : 10.1177/0309133315615804. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01260842.
    Résumé : Which abiotic factors influence the number of native plant species on remote atolls is an important question to understand better the spatial pattern of the species observed on these low and vulnerable coral islands. However, this issue is still very poorly documented, often due to human degradation, partial botanical surveys or the difficult geographic access of remote atolls for researchers. The remote atolls of Eastern Polynesia, which are among the most isolated in the world, are of great interest for studies of native species’ distribution due to their isolation, low human density and urbanisation. In this study, we selected 49 remote atolls of Eastern Polynesia with complete botanical surveys to test the relative influence of eight abiotic factors on native plant species richness (i.e. indigenous and endemic species). Abiotic factors used as potential predictors included atoll area (km2), shoreline length (km), atoll elevation (m) and index of isolation (UNEP), but also the coastal index of the atoll (Ic ), the distance to the nearest similar atoll (km), the distance to the nearest large volcanic island ≥ 1000 km2 (here, Tahiti as a potential stepping-stone island) and the distance to the nearest raised atoll ≥ 15 m a.s.l. (here, Makatea or Henderson as a potential refugium during sea-level highstands). Spearman’s rank correlation, linear regression analysis and frequency diagrams were used to assess the relative influence of these factors on native species richness. No relationship was found between the species richness and the index of isolation or the distance to the nearest similar atoll. Atoll area and distance to the nearest raised atoll of Makatea explained 47.1% and 40%, respectively, of the native species richness variation observed on the remote atolls. The distance to the volcanic island of Tahiti and the coastal index explained 36.9% and 27.3% of the variation, while elevation and shoreline length explained 23.3% and 18.4% of the variation, respectively. Native species richness on the atolls surveyed increased with the increasing atoll area, elevation and shoreline length, but decreased with the increasing distance to the nearest raised atoll of Makatea and the large volcanic island of Tahiti. This supports the view that the spatial pattern of native species richness observed on the remote atolls was strongly influenced by (i) atoll area but also by (ii) the distance to the raised atoll of Makatea, and (iii) the distance to the volcanic island of Tahiti. This finding suggests that the raised atoll may be viewed as a refugium during sea-level highstands while the large volcanic island played the role of stepping-stone island, both islands influencing the dispersal of native species on remote atolls and attenuating the isolation effect in the study area.
    Mots-clés : Eastern Polynesia, Island biogeography, physical and spatial factors, raised atoll, refugium, remote atolls, species richness, stepping-stone-island.


  • Ledger Paul, Miras Yannick, Poux Matthieu et Milcent Pierre-Yves (2015) « The Palaeoenvironmental Impact of Prehistoric Settlement and Proto-Historic Urbanism: Tracing the Emergence of the Oppidum of Corent, Auvergne, France », PLoS ONE, p. 1-25. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0121517. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01141142.
    Résumé : Early human societies and their interactions with the natural world have been extensively explored in palaeoenvironmental studies across Central and Western Europe. Yet, despite an extensive body of scholarship, there is little consideration of the environmental impacts of proto-historic urbanisation. Typically palaeoenvironmental studies of Bronze and Iron Age societies discuss human impact in terms of woodland clearance, landscape openness and evidence for agriculture. Although these features are clearly key indicators of human settlement, and characterise Neolithic and early to Middle Bronze Age impacts at Corent, they do not appear to represent defining features of a protohistoric urban environment. The Late Iron Age Gallic Oppidum of Corent is remarkable for the paucity of evidence for agriculture and strong representation of apophytes associated with disturbance. Increased floristic diversity – a phenomenon also observed in more recent urban environments – was also noted. The same, although somewhat more pronounced, patterns are noted for the Late Bronze Age and hint at the possibility of a nascent urban area. High percentages of pollen from non-native trees such as Platanus, Castanea and Juglans in the late Bronze Age and Gallic period also suggest trade and cultural exchange, notably with the Mediterranean world. Indeed, these findings question the validity of applying Castanea and Juglans as absolute chronological markers of Romanisation. These results clearly indicate the value of local-scale palaeoecological studies and their potential for tracing the phases in the emergence of a proto-historic urban environment.

  • Ledger Paul, Miras Yannick, Poux Matthieu et Milcent Pierre-Yves (2015) « The palaeoenvironmental impact of prehistoric settlement and Protohistoric urbanism: tracing the emergence of the Oppidum of Corent, Auvergne, France », PLoS ONE, 10 (4), p. 1-25. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0121517.
    Résumé : Early human societies and their interactions with the natural world have been extensively explored in palaeoenvironmental studies across Central and Western Europe. Yet, despite an extensive body of scholarship, there is little consideration of the environmental impacts of proto-historic urbanisation. Typically palaeoenvironmental studies of Bronze and Iron Age societies discuss human impact in terms of woodland clearance, landscape openness and evidence for agriculture. Although these features are clearly key indicators of human settlement, and characterise Neolithic and early to Middle Bronze Age impacts at Corent, they do not appear to represent defining features of a protohistoric urban environment. The Late Iron Age Gallic Oppidum of Corent is remarkable for the paucity of evidence for agriculture and strong representation of apophytes associated with disturbance. Increased floristic diversity – a phenomenon also observed in more recent urban environments – was also noted. The same, although somewhat more pronounced, patterns are noted for the Late Bronze Age and hint at the possibility of a nascent urban area. High percentages of pollen from non-native trees such as Platanus, Castanea and Juglans in the late Bronze Age and Gallic period also suggest trade and cultural exchange, notably with the Mediterranean world. Indeed, these findings question the validity of applying Castanea and Juglans as absolute chronological markers of Romanisation. These results clearly indicate the value of local-scale palaeoecological studies and their potential for tracing the phases in the emergence of a proto-historic urban environment.

  • Metzger Alexis (2015) « The Dutch Winter landscapes climatic temporalities », Nouvelles Perspectives en Sciences Sociales, 10 (2), p. 12. (Représenter les temporalités). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01129027.
    Mots-clés : climatologie historique, Dutch Painting, Golden Age, Hiver, Little Ice Age, peinture hollandaise, petit âge glaciaire, représentations, Siècle d’or, winter.


  • Miras Yannick, Beauger Aude, Lavrieux Marlène, Berthon Vincent, Andrieu-Ponel Valérie et Ledger Paul (2015) « Tracking long-term human impacts on landscape, vegetal biodiversity and water quality in the Lake Aydat catchment (Auvergne, France) using pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs and diatom assemblages », Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 424, p. 76-90. DOI : 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.02.016. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01120579.
    Résumé : Palaeoenvironmental studies allow the assessment of long-term human–climate–environmental interactions, and furnish valuable tools for the sustainable management of lacustrine ecosystems. A good example is the multi-proxy study of Lake Aydat's 19 m sedimentary core. Previous research revealed the role of climate and human activities on lake sedimentation, and identified two sedimentary units (6700 ± 200 to 3180 ± 90 and 1770 ± 60 cal. yr BP to present) separated by an erosive mass-wasting deposit (Lavrieux et al., 2013a). Pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (e.g. fungal and algal spores, rotifer resting eggs), and diatom-based trophic reconstructions have been used to track the impacts of past land use on landscape evolution, vegetal biodiversity and water quality. Palaeoenvironmental data were also compared with local archaeo-historical datasets which allowed refined landscape reconstructions, especially for late Antiquity. The results obtained demonstrate that even Neolithic and Bronze Age human activities (between ca. 4600 and 4300 cal. yr BP and between ca. 3900 and 3500 cal. yr BP) had a discernible influence on catchment vegetation and lacustrine trophic dynamics of Lake Aydat, underlining the vulnerability of the ecosystem. Recurrent and complex models of past vegetation changes, phases of water nutrient over-enrichment and lake resilience were identified and related to grazing activities, but also to land use practises, which have been overlooked in Auvergne, such as mountain agriculture and hemp retting.
    Mots-clés : Anabaena, Diatom-inferred trophic level, EUTROPHICATION, Human impact, Lake water quality, Pollen, Rotifer resting eggs.


  • Miras Yannick, Ejarque Ana, Riera Mora Santiago, H. Orengo Hector et Maria Palet Martinez Josep (2015) « 28. Andorran high Pyrenees (Perafita Valley, Andorra): Serra Mijtana fen », Grana, 54 (4), p. 313-316. DOI : 10.1080/00173134.2015.1087590. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01226217.


  • Morel Pauline, Trappmann Daniel, Corona Christophe et Stoffel Markus (2015) « Defining sample size and sampling strategy for dendrogeomorphic rockfall reconstructions », Geomorphology, p. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.02.017. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.02.017. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131632.
    Résumé : Optimized sampling strategies have been recently proposed for dendrogeomorphic reconstructions of mass movements with a large spatial footprint, such as landslides, snow avalanches, and debris flows. Such guidelines have, by contrast, been largely missing for rockfalls and cannot be transposed owing to the sporadic nature of this process and the occurrence of individual rocks and boulders. Based on a data set of 314 European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) trees (i.e., 64 trees/ha), growing on an active rockfall slope, this study bridges this gap and proposes an optimized sampling strategy for the spatial and temporal reconstruction of rockfall activity. Using random extractions of trees, iterative mapping, and a stratified sampling strategy based on an arbitrary selection of trees, we investigate subsets of the full tree-ring data set to define optimal sample size and sampling design for the development of frequency maps of rockfall activity. Spatially, our results demonstrate that the sampling of only 6 representative trees per ha can be sufficient to yield a reasonable mapping of the spatial distribution of rockfall frequencies on a slope, especially if the oldest and most heavily affected individuals are included in the analysis. At the same time, however, sampling such a low number of trees risks causing significant errors especially if nonrepresentative trees are chosen for analysis. An increased number of samples therefore improves the quality of the frequency maps in this case. Temporally, we demonstrate that at least 40 trees/ha are needed to obtain reliable rockfall chronologies. These results will facilitate the design of future studies, decrease the cost–benefit ratio of dendrogeomorphic studies and thus will permit production of reliable reconstructions with reasonable temporal efforts.
    Mots-clés : dendrogeomorphology, frequency, mass movement, Methodology, rockfall, simulation.


  • Pouteau Robin, Meyer Jean Yves et Larrue Sébastien (2015) « Using range filling rather than prevalence of invasive plant species for management prioritisation: the case of Spathodea campanulata in the Society Islands (South Pacific) », Ecological Indicators, 54, p. 87-95. DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.02.017. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126620.
    Résumé : Biological invasion science lacks standardised measures of invasion success that would provide effective prioritisation of invasive species and invaded areas management. Area of occupancy of invasive species is often used as proxy of their success but this metric ignores the extent to which a species fills its potential distribution. This study aims to estimate the performance of invasive tree species by computing the ratio between the compressed canopy area (CCA), assessed through remote sensing, and their potential distribution, estimated using invasive species distribution modelling. This index of ‘range filling’ (RF) has applicability to a broad set of invasive plant species in any biome. A case study is provided using the invasive African tulip tree Spathodea campanulata (Bignoniaceae) on three small tropical oceanic islands of French Polynesia (South Pacific Ocean) exhibiting different invasion levels to test for differences between CCA and RF. The results show that the RF of Spathodea campanulata varied within islands depending on elevation but not proportionally to the CCA of the species. Another key result was that the RF of the species and its CCA provided different between-island perspectives on the invasions and leaded to distinct ranking among islands to prioritise for management. Therefore, managers should disregard species’ area of occupancy as a measure of success and rather weight it with potential distribution to quantify how an invader is performing in a given environment.
    Mots-clés : Geographic information system, island ecology, management prioritisation, niche modelling, support vector machines.


  • Ransan-Cooper Hedda, Farbotko Carol, McNamara Karen, Thornton Fanny et Chevalier Emilie (2015) « Being(s) framed: The means and ends of framing environmental migrants », Global Environmental Change, 35 (novembre), p. 106 - 115. DOI : 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.07.013. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01912986.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2015) « The construction of the guaranteed vintage and the legal geography; of the elaboration of limits within the framework of the project of hierarchical organization of a wine-making area, the case of the guaranteed vintage of Cahors (Lot), or how to introduce some law into a geographical approach », Développement Durable et territoires, vol 6 (n°1) (mars), p. 1-15. (Géographie(s) et Droit(s). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01147946.
    Mots-clés : AOC Cahors, appellations viticoles, géographie juridique, hiérarchisation, limites.


  • Rouvellac Éric (2015) « La construction des appellations viticoles et la géographie juridique », Développement durable et territoires, 6 (1) (mars). DOI : 10.4000/developpementdurable.10811. http://developpementdurable.revues.org/10811.

  • Zottele Fabio et Delay Etienne (2015) « È possibile descrivere la resistenza dei paesaggi vitati di montagna utilizzando un territorio virtuale? Il caso trentino », Territoires du vin, 6. http://revuesshs.u-bourgogne.fr/territoiresduvin/document.php?id=1621.

  • Zottele Fabio et Delay Etienne (2015) « È possibile descrivere la resistenza dei paesaggi vitati di montagna utilizzando un territorio virtuale? Il caso trentino. », Territoires du vin, 6 (janvier), p. 1-16. (Territori del vino in Italia). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01138934.
    Résumé : Il paesaggio è la percezione che l’uomo ha dell’ambiente che lo circonda e del risultato dei processi dinamici nel tempo e nello spazio che agiscono su un territorio. Nell’ultimo secolo i paesaggi agricoli hanno subìto cambiamenti radicali in risposta a forti trasformazioni sociali e importanti innovazioni tecnologiche. Queste ultime, in generale, hanno reso possibile lo sfruttamento di maggiori superfici agrarie con minori costi di manodopera. La meccanizzazione di alcune pratiche agronomiche è una spinta innovativa che ha agito in maniera disomogenea: nelle zone di montagna e/o in quelle in forte pendenza persiste un’agri- coltura composta da piccoli appezzamenti, spesso terrazzati, dove la meccanizzazione risulta difficile o impossibile. Tuttavia, nonostante le difficoltà gestionali legate alla conformazione orografica, questi paesaggi si sono mantenuti nel tempo conservando una forte e peculiare identità territoriale. In Trentino (IT) coesistono in equilibrio dinamico due tipologie di paesaggio vitato: il fondovalle è meccanizzato e gli appezzamenti hanno estensione maggiore, sui versanti a forte pendenza si sviluppa una viticoltura di montagna terrazzata, di piccola taglia ed a bassissima meccanizzazione. In questo lavoro si ipotizza che l’emergenza dei due differenti contesti viticoli - di forte pendenza e di fondovalle - scaturisca dalla complessità dei processi che sottendono lo sviluppo di un territorio, che i differenti fattori in gioco debbano essere studiati nella loro diversità intrinseca e che nessuno di questi singoli fattori possa essere considerato come la causa principale. Basandosi su ipotesi semplici di strutturazione del paesaggio è stato sviluppato un modello parsimonioso basato su un sistema multiagente per la simulazione di queste dinamiche. I risultati ottenuti sono stati messi a confronto con l’evoluzione storica del paesaggio documentata in alcuni archivi storici e con lo stato attuale del territorio. L’obiettivo è determinare la plausibilità di un modello semplificato che possa descrivere sia le forzanti socio-economiche complesse sia l’evoluzione del paesaggio verso le configurazioni attuali. Si mostreranno, infine, le rappresentazioni preliminari del modello sviluppato per descrivere le dinamiche di evoluzione del paesaggio viticolo trentino sottoposto a queste forzanti.
    Mots-clés : Agent Based Model, Alpes, landscape, Moutains, paesaggio, viticulture.

  • Zottele Fabio et Delay Etienne (2015) « È possibile descrivere la resistenza dei paesaggi vitati di montagna utilizzando un territorio virtuale? Il caso trentino. », Territoires du vin, 6 (janvier), p. 1-16. (Territori del vino in Italia). https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01138934.
    Résumé : Il paesaggio è la percezione che l’uomo ha dell’ambiente che lo circonda e del risultato dei processi dinamici nel tempo e nello spazio che agiscono su un territorio. Nell’ultimo secolo i paesaggi agricoli hanno subìto cambiamenti radicali in risposta a forti trasformazioni sociali e importanti innovazioni tecnologiche. Queste ultime, in generale, hanno reso possibile lo sfruttamento di maggiori superfici agrarie con minori costi di manodopera. La meccanizzazione di alcune pratiche agronomiche è una spinta innovativa che ha agito in maniera disomogenea: nelle zone di montagna e/o in quelle in forte pendenza persiste un’agri- coltura composta da piccoli appezzamenti, spesso terrazzati, dove la meccanizzazione risulta difficile o impossibile. Tuttavia, nonostante le difficoltà gestionali legate alla conformazione orografica, questi paesaggi si sono mantenuti nel tempo conservando una forte e peculiare identità territoriale. In Trentino (IT) coesistono in equilibrio dinamico due tipologie di paesaggio vitato: il fondovalle è meccanizzato e gli appezzamenti hanno estensione maggiore, sui versanti a forte pendenza si sviluppa una viticoltura di montagna terrazzata, di piccola taglia ed a bassissima meccanizzazione. In questo lavoro si ipotizza che l’emergenza dei due differenti contesti viticoli - di forte pendenza e di fondovalle - scaturisca dalla complessità dei processi che sottendono lo sviluppo di un territorio, che i differenti fattori in gioco debbano essere studiati nella loro diversità intrinseca e che nessuno di questi singoli fattori possa essere considerato come la causa principale. Basandosi su ipotesi semplici di strutturazione del paesaggio è stato sviluppato un modello parsimonioso basato su un sistema multiagente per la simulazione di queste dinamiche. I risultati ottenuti sono stati messi a confronto con l’evoluzione storica del paesaggio documentata in alcuni archivi storici e con lo stato attuale del territorio. L’obiettivo è determinare la plausibilità di un modello semplificato che possa descrivere sia le forzanti socio-economiche complesse sia l’evoluzione del paesaggio verso le configurazioni attuali. Si mostreranno, infine, le rappresentazioni preliminari del modello sviluppato per descrivere le dinamiche di evoluzione del paesaggio viticolo trentino sottoposto a queste forzanti.
    Mots-clés : Agent Based Model, Alpes, landscape, Moutains, paesaggio, viticulture.
2014

  • André Marie-Françoise, Vautier Franck, Voldoire Olivier et Roussel Erwan (2014) « Accelerated stone deterioration induced by forest clearance around the Angkor temples », Science of the Total Environment, 493, p. 98-108. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01115192.
    Mots-clés : cultural heritage, geomorphology and weathering.


  • Aubry Thierry, Dimuccio Luca Antonio, Buylaert Jan-Pieter, Liard Morgane, Murray Andrew S., Thomsen Kristina Jørkov et Walter Bertrand (2014) « Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic site formation processes at the Bordes-Fitte rockshelter (Central France) », Journal of Archaeological Science, 52, p. 436-457. DOI : 10.1016/j.jas.2014.09.013. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S0305440314003483&lang=fr&site=eds-live.
    Résumé : Transformation in technological patterns associated with the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition between 50 and 40 ka in Western Europe and their relationship with the Neanderthal and Anatomically Modern Human populations and behaviors are issues that continue to stimulate heated debate. In this article we use the Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic archaeo-stratigraphic record from the Bordes-Fitte rockshelter (les Roches d'Abilly site, Central France), a Bayesian analysis of the ages obtained by accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon on ultrafiltered collagen and by luminescence on quartz and feldspar grains, to establish a timeline for material culture and sedimentary dynamic changes during the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition. Technology, refitting studies and taphonomy of lithic artifacts recovered in the geoarchaeological field units D1 and D2 permit to characterize 3 reduction strategies (Levallois, Discoidal and Châtelperronian blade) that took place between the cold Heinrich events 5 and 4. We discuss the implications of the results to characterize the end of the Middle Palaeolithic, and for distinguishing anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic factors in Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic assemblage's variability.
    Note Note
    <p>Accession Number: S0305440314003483; Author: Aubry, Thierry (a, ∗); Author: Dimuccio, Luca Antonio (b, c); Author: Buylaert, Jan-Pieter (d, e); Author: Liard, Morgane (f); Author: Murray, Andrew S. (e); Author: Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov (d); Author: Walter, Bertrand (g); Affiliation: Fundação Côa Parque, Rua do Museu, 5150-610 Vila Nova de Foz Côa, Portugal; Affiliation: CEGOT – Centro de Estudos em Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, Departamento de Geografia, Faculdade de Letras, Universidade de Coimbra, Praça da Porta Férrea, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal; Affiliation: Departamento de Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Coimbra, Largo Marquês de Pombal, 3000-272 Coimbra, Portugal; Affiliation: Radiation Research Division, Risø DTU, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Affiliation: Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Earth Sciences, Aarhus University, Risø DTU, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Affiliation: UMR 6042 GEOLAB, INRAP–Direction interrégionale Centre/Île-de-France, Base Orléans, France; Affiliation: Société d'Études et de Recherche sur le Paléolithique de la Vallée de la Claise, Les Chirons, 37290 Preuilly-sur-Claise, France; Number of Pages: 22; Language: English;</p>


  • Bal Marie-Claude, Allée Philippe et Liard Morgane (2014) « The origins of a Nardus stricta grassland by charcoal analyses and the history of a mountain cultural landscape since the Neotithic (mont Lozère, France) », Quaternary International, p. 1-12. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.quaint.2014.11.054. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126687.
    Résumé : This paper presents the use of soil charcoal analyses in order to identify the origin of a Nardus stricta grassland in a mountain system (Mont Lozere, France), and the use of environmental resources and the construction of a cultural landscape. Two opposing theories have been proposed to explain the origin of this open landscape (1450e1700 m altitude): natural or anthropogenic. The identification and radio- carbon dates of charcoal fragments of Fagus sylvatica, which were found in all of the pits located in the current grassland area and dated to 3695e3633 cal BC, demonstrate that this species has been present on the upper part of Mont Lozere since the Middle Neolithic. In addition, the presence of pioneer species (Betula, Salix, Corylus avellana), as well as mid- (Prunus cf avium) and late-successional species (F. syl- vatica) supports the hypothesis that the grassland contained both pioneer and mature phases of forest landscapes. The 14C dates, ranging from c. 4200 cal BC to 1200 cal AD, show that fire events occurred with different climatic influences. Fire events may correspond to one or several fires in a short period at the scale of the slope. Moreover, the dates coincide with the early and extensive human impact detected in the Massif Central and Mont Lozere. To explain the regular occurrences of fire events from the Middle Neolithic to the Central Middle Ages, agro-pastoral clearings have been postulated, as have been iden- tified in other areas in the Pyrenees and in the Alps. Such human impact may have been magnified, or least facilitated, by climatic conditions. Comparison with additional data (pollen, archaeology, ecology) demonstrates that this grassland area is not natural and corresponds to an ancient forested system that has been used and transformed by societies since the Neolithic, although climate change may have certainly affected this transformation. The aim of this research is to promote this cultural heritage in collaboration with the National Park of the Cevennes in order to protect its future.
    Mots-clés : Agro-pastoral activities, Cultural landscape, Holocene, Pedoanthracology.


  • Ballesteros-Cánovas Juan A., Rodríguez-Morata Clara, Garófano-Gómez Virginia, Rubiales Juan M., Sánchez-Salguero Raúl et Stoffel Markus (2014) « Unravelling past flash flood activity in a forested mountain catchment of the Spanish Central System », Journal of Hydrology (novembre), p. In press. DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.11.027. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01109535.
    Résumé : Flash floods represent one of the most common natural hazards in mountain catchments, and are frequent in Mediterranean environments. As a result of the widespread lack of reliable data on past events, the understanding of their spatio-temporal occurrence and their climatic triggers remains rather limited. Here, we present a dendrogeomorphic reconstruction of past flash flood activity in the Arroyo de los Puentes stream (Sierra de Guadarrama, Spanish Central System). We analyze a total of 287 increment cores from 178 disturbed Scots pine trees (Pinus sylvestris L.) which yielded indications on 212 growth disturbances related to past flash flood impact. In combination with local archives, meteorological data, annual forest management records and highly-resolved terrestrial data (i.e., LiDAR data and aerial imagery), the dendrogeomorphic time series allowed dating 25 flash floods over the last three centuries, with a major event leaving an intense geomorphic footprint throughout the catchment in 1936. The analysis of meteorological records suggests that the rainfall thresholds of flash floods vary with the seasonality of events. Dated flash floods in the 20th century were primarily related with synoptic troughs owing to the arrival of air masses from north and west on the Iberian Peninsula during negative indices of the North Atlantic Oscillation. The results of this study contribute considerably to a better understanding of hazards related with hydrogeomorphic processes in central Spain in general and in the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park in particular.
    Mots-clés : dendrogeomorphology, Flash flood, Hydrometeorological triggers, Paleohydrology, Sierra de Guadarrama, tree ring.

  • Beauger Aude et Lair Nicole (2014) « Analyse des principales méthodes de bio-évaluation basées sur les macroinvertébrés benthiques. », Bulletin de la société linnéenne de Lyon, Bulletin hors série n° 4 (novembre), p. 15-34. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01081925.

  • Beauger Aude, Peiry Jean-Luc, Lair Nicole et Voldoire Olivier (2014) « Ecological characterization of natural and impacted meander cut-offs of the River Allier using benthic macroinvertebrates », Ephemera, 14 (2) (mars), p. 83-106. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01077881.
    Résumé : Today, the hydrological function and biodiversity of riverine secondary channels are generally recognized and managers tend to protect and restore them. In this study we focused on different parapotamal meander cut-offs. Six sites were examined, two of them being impacted by gravel extraction or deepened for halieutic activity. In order to test whether systematic differences in communities occurred upstream and downstream of the different sites, temperature and dissolved oxygen concentration were continuously monitored, other physical and chemical data were monthly measured and benthic macroinvertebrates were sampled in two seasons. Related to the abiotic data, in each site, water exchanges occurred between the river and / or the groundwater. In the unmodified sites, those few silted up displayed the greatest biodiversity with numerous EPT (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera) while in those largely silted, the habitat homogeneity induced a low biodiversity. In the two impacted sites, the upstream modification enhanced natural silting and few EPT were present while in the site largely open to the river, water quality, diversity and EPT richness remained high.
    Mots-clés : between-class Correspondence Analysis (bCA), habitats, physical and chemical monitoring.


  • Beauger Aude, Serieyssol Karen et Peiry Jean-Luc (2014) « Diatom distribution in natural and impacted cut-off meanders of the Allier River, France », Diatom Research, 29 (2) (janvier), p. 119-145. DOI : 10.1080/0269249X.2013.863224. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01077852.
    Résumé : basalt and downstream – sedimentary), differ in their degrees of infill or depth. In each region, three cut-off meanders were examined; one in each region was impacted by gravel extraction (upstream deepening) and halieutic improvement (downstream deepening), whereas the others were left in their natural state having different silt accumulations either almost cut-off from the river or less silted-up and more open to the river. The sites were monitored for one year for physical and chemical characteristics. Diatom samples collected in summer 2009 were examined along with their associated biocenosis. The two catchments, differing in geology, land-use and water quality, sheltered different diatom communities. Physical and chemical differences were recorded between up- and downstream zones of each cut-off meander due to both the influence of the groundwater (buffering the water temperature among others) and the periodic inflow from the main channel (increased oxygen saturation concentration in downstream end of the cut-off meanders, except for the impacted upstream zone which contained a lot of macrophytes). In the upstream reach (except for one site), the connection with the groundwater from the surrounding catchment, which acts as a hydro-geological reservoir, might explain the highest mineralization and water hardness recorded mainly in the upstream zone of the cut-off meander, and the presence of Pseudostaurosira subsalina (Hustedt) Morales and Thalassiosira weissflogii (Grunow) Fryxell & Hasle. For the downstream reach, in addition to up- and downstream differences, other factors came into play giving rise to different communities, for example, cattle trampling in the cut-off meander leading to the presence of hypereutrophic and polysaprobic taxa or the potential local re-emergence of mineral springs associated with brackish taxa. Moreover, the up- or downstream deepening also induced differences: the extraction of sediment nearer to the river created a system in which water input from the main channel flows in through a larger opening, inducing allochthonous processes. This increased the river’s influence, creating a renewal of earlier morphological and ecological conditions, whereas the gravel extraction that modified the upstream zone increased the influence of groundwater from the surrounding catchment on this area of the site and led to water conditions independent of the main channel. Furthermore, this study has provided an important picture of the environmental variables, mechanisms and processes that drive the distribution of diatoms within the cut-off meanders along the Allier River, which can can be applied in future paleo-environmental studies.
    Mots-clés : cut-off meanders, Ecology, multivariate analyses, taxa distribution, water chemistry.

  • Beaurain Christophe et Delphine Varlet (2014) « Quelques pistes de réflexion pour une approche pragmatiste de l’écologie industrielle : l’exemple de l’agglomération dunkerquoise ", Revue Développement durable et territoire », Développement Durable et territoires, 5 (1). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01130359.
    Mots-clés : développement durable, ecologie industrielle, Pragmatisme économique.

  • Beaurain Christophe et Varlet Delphine (2014) « Quelques pistes de réflexion pour une approche pragmatiste de l’écologie industrielle: l’exemple de l’agglomération dunkerquoise », Développement durable et territoires. Économie, géographie, politique, droit, sociologie. http://developpementdurable.revues.org/10111.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « Opening up the island: a “counter-insularity” approach to migration in Malta », Island Studies Journal. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915736.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « Opening up the island: a ‘counter-islandness’ approach to migration in Malta », Island Studies Journal, 9 (1), p. 43–56. http://www.islandstudies.ca/islandstudies.ca/sites/islandstudies.ca/files/ISJ-9-1-B-Tahir+Schmoll-B.pdf.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « Islands and Undesirables: Introduction to the Special Issue on Irregular Migration in Southern European Islands.http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15562948.2014.899657#.U4g6dCjWWZQ », Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915734.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « Guest Editorial Introduction: The uses of islands in the production of the southern European migration border », Island Studies Journal, 9 (1), p. 3–6. http://www.islandstudies.ca/sites/islandstudies.ca/files/ISJ-9-1-B-Tahir+Schmoll-A.pdf.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « The uses of islands in the production of the southern European migration border - Introduction. », Island Studies Journal. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01915735.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2014) « Islands and Undesirables: Introduction to the Special Issue on Irregular Migration in Southern European Islands », Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 12 (2), p. 87–102. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15562948.2014.899657.


  • Bertran Pascal, Andrieux Eric, Antoine Pierre, Coutard Sylvie, Deschodt Laurent, Gardere Philippe, Hernandez Marion, Legentil Claude, Lenoble Arnaud, Liard Morgane, Mercier Norbert, Moine Olivier, Sitzia Luca et Van Vliet-Lanoe Brigitte (2014) « Distribution and chronology of Pleistocene permafrost features in France; database and first results », Boreas, 43 (3), p. 699-711. DOI : 10.1111/bor.12025. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=guh&AN=698751-12&lang=fr&site=eds-live.
    Résumé : Numerous periglacial features (polygons, nets, soil stripes, ice-wedge pseudomorphs and sand-wedge casts, involutions) have been recorded in France by examining bibliographical sources and aerial photographs. These data show that a large part of France was affected by permafrost during the Pleistocene and only the southern Aquitaine Basin and Languedoc seem to have been beyond its maximum extent. The first OSL ages obtained from the aeolian infill of wedge structures indicate that at least two phases of thermal contraction cracking occurred in southwestern France between approximately 25 and 36 ka. Chronostratigraphical data from loess in northern France indicate that these episodes correspond to the formation of ice-wedge networks associated with tundra gleys. In the latter region, two additional permafrost episodes probably occurred during the Last Glacial, the older one corresponding to the end of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 4 around 60 ka and the more recent one to MIS 2 around 19-16 ka. Although stratigraphical data indicate that these episodes were relatively short (about one millennium), relict permafrost may have existed for longer periods in northern France. Abstract Copyright (2013), The Boreas Collegium.
    Note Note
    <p>Accession Number: 698751-12; Language: English; Coden: BRESB3; Collation: 13; Publication Types: Serial; Illustration(s): illus. incl. 1 table, sect., strat. col., geol. sketch maps; Number of References: 96; Reviewed Item: Analytic</p>


  • Binder Didier, Hamon Caroline, Bellot-Gurlet Ludovic, Beyries Sylvie, Jean-Victor Pradeau, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2014) « First Sculpted Human Face in the Western Mediterranean Early Neolithic », Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24, p. 1-17. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0959774314000043. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01100046.
    Résumé : The development of Neolithic lifestyle in the Western Mediterranean during the 6th millennium cal BCE is the consequence of the spread of populations from the Near East after successive stages of cultural remodelling. Despite a clear contribution of the Near-Eastern and Aegean Neolithic to the economic and technical changes that happened to the West, few is known here about their symbolic legacies, because of the scarcity of representations and ritual evidences associated to the earliest Western Neolithic contexts. Excavations at the rock shelter of Pendimoun (South-Eastern France) yielded the first anthropomorphic stone sculpture from the Western Mediterranean Neolithic (Early 6th millennium cal BCE). Using both carving and painting techniques, it represents a rather realistic human face which is a unicum within the Western Mediterranean and European frames. After having described the shaping and colouring details of the mask, the authors here deal with its possible social significances and cultural connections.
    Mots-clés : anthropomorph, neolithic, sculpture, symbolism.


  • Binder Didier, Hamon Caroline, Bellot-Gurlet Ludovic, Beyries Sylvie, Pradeau Jean-Victor, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2014) « First Sculpted Human Face in the Western Mediterranean Early Neolithic », Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24 (1), p. 1-17. DOI : 10.1017/S0959774314000043. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01545641.
    Résumé : The development of the Neolithic way of life in the western Mediterranean during the sixth millennium cal. BC is the consequence of the spread of populations from the Near East after successive stages of cultural remodelling. Despite the clear contribution of the Near Eastern and Aegean Neolithic to the economic and technical changes that happened to the west, little is known here about their symbolic legacies, because of the scarcity of representations and ritual evidences associated to the earliest western Neolithic contexts. Excavations at the rock shelter of Pendimoun (southeastern France) yielded the first anthropomorphic stone sculpture from the western Mediterranean Neolithic (early sixth millennium cal. BC). Using both carving and painting techniques, it represents a realistic-looking human face and is a unique example within the western Mediterranean and European frameworks. After describing the shaping and colouring details of the mask, the authors here deal with its possible social significances and cultural connections.
    Mots-clés : Neolithic Period, Pigment, Prehistoric art.


  • Binder Didier, Hamon Caroline, Bellot-Gurlet Ludovic, Beyries Sylvie, Pradeau Jean-Victor, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2014) « First Sculpted Human Face in the Western Mediterranean Early Neolithic », Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24 (01), p. 1–17. DOI : 10.1017/S0959774314000043. http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S0959774314000043.
    Résumé : The development of the Neolithic way of life in the western Mediterranean during the sixth millennium cal. BC is the consequence of the spread of populations from the Near East after successive stages of cultural remodelling. Despite the clear contribution of the Near Eastern and Aegean Neolithic to the economic and technical changes that happened to the west, little is known here about their symbolic legacies, because of the scarcity of representations and ritual evidences associated to the earliest western Neolithic contexts. Excavations at the rock shelter of Pendimoun (southeastern France) yielded the first anthropomorphic stone sculpture from the western Mediterranean Neolithic (early sixth millennium cal. BC). Using both carving and painting techniques, it represents a realistic-looking human face and is a unique example within the western Mediterranean and European frameworks. After describing the shaping and colouring details of the mask, the authors here deal with its possible social significances and cultural connections.

  • Boumédiène Farid, Marin Benoît, Druet-Cabanac Michel et Preux Pierre-Marie (2014) « Emergence de la géoépidémiologie socio environnementale au service des pays de la zone tropicale », Revue neurologique. DOI : 10.1016/j.neurol.2014.01.014.

  • Budds Jessica, Linton Jamie et McDonnell Rachael (2014) « The hydrosocial cycle », Geoforum, 57, p. 167-169. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01134987.
    Résumé : The once deeply engrained idea that water management should be considered as a technical endeavour that is appropriately confined to hydrological science and hydraulic engineering has now largely ceded to the recognition that water issues also comprise important social and political dimensions that call for the involvement of social science and multiple stakeholders. As such, in recent years, increased attention has been paid to the nature and effects of water policies, the roles of different water users in decision-making , and the emergence of conflicts and cooperation around water at various scales. These social and political dimensions of water have been subject to significant theoretical advances, drawing especially on insights from the broadly-defined political ecology tradition (including elements of science studies and anthropology), that seek to transcend Cartesian dualisms between humans and the environment in favour of the co-constitution between society and nature. Unlike conventional studies that focus on the relationship between humans and water conceived of as two distinct categories that interact with one another, considering water as socioecological makes it impossible to abstract water from the social context that gives it meaning and from the socio-political processes that shape its material flows and its discursive representations. In line with this perspective, the notion of a hydrosocial, as opposed to a hydrological, cycle has gained traction as a means of both capturing and integrating the socio-political and biophysical processes that constitute water, as well as highlighting the limitations of traditional science and practice. The hydrosocial cycle is purposefully contrasted with the hydrological cycle, which is a dominant and enduring concept for portraying the physical states and flows of water, yet arguably regards water and water processes as asocial and apolitical. However, as the use of the term (alongside and beyond other uses of the term 'hydro-social' or 'hydrosocial') has proliferated, different meanings and usages have become apparent that suggest the need for further scrutiny. The concept of the hydrosocial cycle has hitherto been deployed to capture the deepening entanglement of water flows and power relations, and to shed light on the politicised nature of water management, with a view to reinterpreting the social and ecological implications that emerge as effects of power relations rather than of policy styles (Bakker, 2003a, 2003b; Swyngedouw, 2006, 2009). To date, the flows of water and social power embedded within the hydroso-cial cycle have been examined in a range of contexts and from different perspectives, including through the capitalist production of urban environments (Kaika, 2005; Swyngedouw, 2004), the historical construction and mobilisation of the concept of the hydrological cycle (Linton, 2008, 2010), and the production of hydrological assessments that reinforce unequal access to water (Budds, 2008, 2009) (see Linton and Budds, 2014, for a comprehensive review of previous scholarship employing the term 'hydrosocial cycle'). This special issue on the hydrosocial cycle responds to the need to more precisely define and theorise the concept as a means to interrogate and elucidate hydrosocial relations and change, as well as to explore and articulate its analytical and political purchase for critical water research and action. The endeavour commenced through a shared interest among the organisers in the politics of hydrology, and an aspiration to integrate this aspect more fully into the growing and vibrant body of work around political ecolo-gies of water, little of which had hitherto paid much attention to the construction and implementation of hydrological concepts, methods and data. We pursued this interest through a series of panel and paper sessions at the Association of American Geographers annual meetings in 2008 (Water, Science, Humans: Adventures of the Hydrosocial Cycle), 2009 (Water, Science, Humans: Advancing the Hydrosocial Cycle) and 2010 (The Hydrosocial Cycle: Between Hydrology and Critical Social Science), which attracted wide interest and participation from human geographers and cognate scholars. Through our engagement in these sessions, our initial aim to reflect on the nature and place of hydrology in political ecologies of water developed into a much broader endeavour to further understandings of the relationships between water, people and science, with a view to refine the nature of the concept of the hydrosocial cycle and contemplate the ways in which it might support and advance critical political ecologies of water within academic scholarship, that may in turn inform water policy and practice, as well as feed new perspectives into interdisciplin-ary water education. The primary aim of the collection of papers assembled in this special issue is thus to further consolidate the concept as a framework that focuses attention on the materiality of water flows in conjunction with the social and political practices and discourses that shape and are shaped by them. This need is justified by observations that hydrological processes are increasingly influenced by human activities and institutions with specific visions and motives, that hydrological data and knowledge are acknowledged as socially constructed and politically mobilised, that water is increasingly recognised as being characterised by multiple and context-specific cultural meanings, and that the material and symbolic characteristics of water also play an important role in shaping social relations and forms of governance. A core contention of this collection of papers, therefore, is that, while the hydrological cycle remains a widely used framework for understanding biophysical processes, it is lacking for the analysis of water governance, politics and conflict.
    Mots-clés : hydrosocial cycle, Water management, water politics.


  • Chevallier Marius, Dellier Julien et Richard Frédéric (2014) « Development and patterns of short food supply chains in Limousin (France): weak political and institutional framework - strong spatial and relational proximities », Géographie, Economie, Société, 16 (3) (octobre), p. 339-362. DOI : 10.3166/ges.16.339-362. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01089464.
    Mots-clés : circuits courts agroalimentaires, économie informelle, institutions, progressive local development, proximité, social innovation, socio-territorial capital, territoire, workers cooperative.

  • Chevallier Marius, Dellier Julien, Richard Frédéric et Plumecocq Gaël (2014) « Dynamiques et structuration des circuits courts agroalimentaires en Limousin : distance institutionnelle, proximités spatiale et relationnelle », Géographie, Economie, Société, 16 (3), p. 339-362. DOI : 10.3166/ges.16.339-362.

  • Corenblit D., Steiger Johannes, Tabacchi E., González E. et Planty-Tabacchi A.-M. (2014) « Ecosystem engineers modulate exotic invasions in riparian plant communities by modifying hydrogeomorphic connectivity », River Research and Applications, 30 (1), p. 45–59. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rra.2618/full.


  • Corenblit Dov, Steiger Johannes, González E., Gurnell A. M., Charrier G., Darrozes J., Dousseau J., Julien F., Lambs L., Larrue Sébastien, Roussel Erwan, Vautier Franck et Voldoire Olivier (2014) « The biogeomorphological life cycle of riparian poplar during the fluvial biogeomorphological succession: a special focus on Populus nigra L. », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39 (4) (mars), p. 546–563. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3515. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01059244.
    Résumé : Riverine ecosystems are recurrently rejuvenated during destructive flood events and vegetation succession starts again. Poplars (i.e. species from Populus genera) respond to hydrogeomorphological constraints, but, in turn, also influence these processes. Thus, poplar development on bare mineral substrates is not exclusively a one-way vegetative process. Reciprocal interactions and adjustments between poplar species and sediment dynamics during their life cycle lead to the emergence of biogeomorphological entities within the fluvial corridor, such as vegetated islands, benches and floodplains. Based on a review of geomorphological, biological and ecological literature, we have identified and described the co-constructing processes between riparian poplars and their fluvial environment. We have explored the possibility that the modification of the hydrogeomorphological environment exerted, in particular, by the European black poplar (Populus nigra L.), increases its fitness and thus results in positive niche construction. We focus on the fundamental phases of dispersal, recruitment and establishment until sexual maturity of P. nigra by describing the hierarchy of interactions and the pattern of feedbacks between biotic and abiotic components. We explicitly relate the biological life cycle of P. nigra to the fluvial biogeomorphic succession model by referring to the ‘biogeomorphological life cycle’ of P. nigra. Finally, we propose new research perspectives based on this theoretical framework. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Mots-clés : abiotic-biotic feedback, biogeomorphological life cycle, engineer species, evolutionary geomorphology, fluvial biogeomorphic succession model, Salicaceae.


  • Corona Christophe, Saez Jérôme Lopez et Stoffel Markus (2014) « Defining optimal sample size, sampling design and thresholds for dendrogeomorphic landslide reconstructions », Quaternary Geochronology, 22 (22) (mars), p. 72-84. DOI : 10.1016/j.quageo.2014.02.006. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131655.
    Résumé : Trees affected by mass movements record the evidence of geomorphic disturbance in their growth-ring series, and thereby provide a precise geochronological tool for the reconstruction of past process activity. At the tree scale, identification of past mass movements was typically based on the presence of growth anomalies and focused on the presence of scars, tilted or buried trunks, as well as on apex decapitation. In terms of sampling strategy, however, clear guidelines have been largely missing. Most previous work was based either on the sampling of visibly disturbed trees irrespective of their position at the study site or on the systematic sampling of trees evenly distributed along transects. Based on a dense dataset of 323 trees growing on an active landslide body, this study aims at defining guidelines for future tree-ring sampling of landslides. Using random extractions of trees and iterative mapping, we investigate subsets of the full tree-ring sample to define optimal sampling strategy, sample depth and trees for the development of frequency maps of landslide reactivations. We demonstrate that (i) the sampling of 50-100 trees can be sufficient to obtain satisfactory results on landslide frequency without including noise to the dendrogeomorphic record; (ii) increasing growth disturbance thresholds should be adjusted to sample size and are preferable to fixed values; (iii) an even distribution of sampled trees is crucial to increase the reliability of frequency maps, even more so if the reconstruction is based on small sample sizes; and that (iv) the selection of the most frequently disturbed trees is key to reduce uncertainties in the frequency maps. The optimization of sample sizes and the adjustment of sampling strategy will not only facilitate fieldwork and render analyses and interpretation more reliable, but will also ultimately allow reconstruction of time series of past mass movements with reasonable temporal efforts and excellent cost-benefit ratios.
    Mots-clés : dendrogeomorphology, mass movement, Sample size, Sampling design, Spatial analysis.
  • Deberge Yann, Baucheron F., Cabezuelo U., Caillat Pierre, Gatto E., Landry C., Leguet D., Pasty Jean-François, Pertlweiser T., Vermeulen C. et Vernet Gérard (2014) « Témoignages de la Guerre des Gaules dans le bassin clermontois, nouveaux apports. », Revue archéologique du Centre de la France, 53, p. 2-52.


  • Delzor Aurélie, Couratier Philippe, Boumédiène Farid, Nicol Marie, Druet-Cabanac Michel, Paraf François, Méjean Annick, Ploux Olivier, Leleu Jean-Philippe, Brient Luc, Lengronne Marion, Pichon Valérie, Combès Audrey, El Abdellaoui Saïda, Bonneterre Vincent, Lagrange Emmeline, Besson Gérard, Bicout Dominique J, Boutonnat Jean, Camu William, Pageot Nicolas, Juntas-Morales Raul, Rigau Valérie, Masseret Estelle, Abadie Eric, Preux Pierre-Marie et Marin Benoît (2014) « Searching for a link between the L-BMAA neurotoxin and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a study protocol of the French BMAALS programme. », BMJ Open, 4 (8), p. e005528. DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005528. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01073863.
    Résumé : INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neurone disease. It occurs in two forms: (1) familial cases, for which several genes have been identified and (2) sporadic cases, for which various hypotheses have been formulated. Notably, the β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) toxin has been postulated to be involved in the occurrence of sporadic ALS. The objective of the French BMAALS programme is to study the putative link between L-BMAA and ALS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The programme covers the period from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2011. Using multiple sources of ascertainment, all the incident ALS cases diagnosed during this period in the area under study (10 counties spread over three French regions) were collected. First, the standardised incidence ratio will be calculated for each municipality under concern. Then, by applying spatial clustering techniques, overincidence and underincidence zones of ALS will be sought. A case-control study, in the subpopulation living in the identified areas, will gather information about patients' occupations, leisure activities and lifestyle habits in order to assess potential risk factors to which they are or have been exposed. Specimens of drinking water, food and biological material (brain tissue) will be examined to assess the presence of L-BMAA in the environment and tissues of ALS cases and controls. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been reviewed and approved by the French ethical committee of the CPP SOOM IV (Comité de Protection des Personnes Sud-Ouest & Outre-Mer IV). The results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national and international conferences.
  • Didolot F. (2014) « La force du plan simple de gestion », Forêt Entreprise, 216, p. 21-24.


  • Ejarque A., Beauger A., Miras Y., Peiry Jean-Luc, Voldoire O., Vautier F., Benbakkar M. et Steiger J. (2014) « Historical fluvial palaeodynamics and multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental analyses of a palaeochannel, Allier River, France », Geodinamica Acta, 27 (1) (novembre), p. 25 - 47. DOI : 10.1080/09853111.2013.877232. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01771103.


  • Ejarque A., Beauger Aude, Miras Y., Peiry J.-L., Voldoire O., Vautier F., Benbakkar M. et Steiger J. (2014) « Historical fluvial palaeodynamics and multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental analyses of a palaeochannel, Allier River, France », Geodinamica Acta, 27 (1), p. 1-23. DOI : 10.1080/09853111.2013.877232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09853111.2013.877232.
    Résumé : A palaeoenvironmental study of a palaeochannel within the lower alluvial floodplain of the Allier River, France, has been carried out at a high temporal resolution. Research was based upon a multi-proxy approach using different sedimentological (magnetic susceptibility, sediment texture and loss on ignition) and palaeoecological (pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs), diatoms – indicators). The palaeochannel was dated from six radiocarbon dates and spans from the second to the eleventh century AD. The cultural landscape history of this floodplain and the progressive hydrological disconnection of the palaeochannel between the Antiquity and the early Middle Ages could be reconstructed according to several characteristic environmental phases. Co-inertia analysis linking pollen, NPPs and diatom corroborated the significant co-structure of these proxies and allowed to distinguish functional palaeoecological groups in terms of landscape openness, on-site aquatic and hygrophilous vegetation, riparian woodland, soil moisture and grazing pressure. Results obtained underpin the importance of grazing as a major agent of landscape change in floodplains, especially since the ninth century AD, when the clearance of the riparian woodland is attested. Gallo-Roman and Late-Antiquity land-use systems, on the contrary, allowed for the preservation of riparian fluvial landscapes.


  • Ettinger Susanne, Manville Vern, Kruse Sarah et Paris Raphaël (2014) « GPR-derived architecture of a lahar-generated fan at Cotopaxi volcano, Ecuador », Geomorphology, 213, p. 225-239. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.01.013. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01134303.
    Résumé : The internal geometry of volcaniclastic fans produced by aggradation during lahar events is difficult to examine in modern settings because of the frequent lack of three-dimensional exposures. This makes it challenging to (i) reconstruct the spatial and temporal evolution of such fans; and (ii) interpret observed facies stratigraphy in the context of lahar flow dynamics from proximal to distal fan reaches. This research therefore presents the results of a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of the Rumipamba fan at the mouth of the Burrohuaycu quebrada on the southwestern flank of Cotopaxi volcano. A survey grid consisting of 50 individual GPR profiles representing a total length of 19.4 km was constructed covering most of the 4-km2 large fan surface. All GPR profiles were collected using a PulseEKKO 100 with a 400 V transmitter. Fan sediments consist of sandy and gravelly lahar deposits, alternating with volcanic fallout including ash and pumice lapilli, at times reworked by fluvial processes. Deposits could be ground-truthed to a depth of ~3 m, whereas GPR penetration depth reaches 15 m. Data interpretation was based on classification into 15 distinct radar facies characterized by the nature of their bounding surfaces and/or internal features, cross-referenced where possible with shallow exposures. Three main facies were identified: parallel, irregular, and clinoform. Erosional contacts were distinguished from aggradational ones (vertical, channel fill, and lateral accretion). Flow parallel versus flow transverse and proximal–distal variations in deposit architecture were featured. The results of this study confirm the existence of two major channel systems in the northern and southern extremities of the fan and the more recent formation of a smaller central fan channel system. Deposit architecture is complex and facies chronologies illustrate that lahars have affected the entire survey area.
    Mots-clés : Architecture, Ecuador, Ground penetrating radar, Lahar, Sediment, Volcano.

  • García Álvarez Salvia, Morla Juaristi Carlos, Paull Rosemary et Garcia-Amorena IGNACIO (2014) « A taxonomic tool for identifying needle remains of south-western European Pinus species of the Late Quaternary », Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 175 (2), p. 282-298. DOI : 10.1111/boj.12166.
    Résumé : This work provides a tool whereby the needle remains of native, south-western European Pinus spp. can be easily identified from species-specific epidermal features. To construct this tool, the needles of P. uncinata, P. sylvestris, P. nigra, P. pinaster, P. pinea and P. halepensis were gathered across the Northern Hemisphere range of each taxon and compared with non-indigenous trees growing in two South Australian Botanic Gardens. Three needles from each of these species were taken from three adult trees growing at three different localities. Light microscopy was used to observe the key epidermal and stomatal features of the needles. To improve interpretation, additional scanning electron microscopy samples were prepared. Epidermal features, including variation in the diameter of the epistomatal chamber aperture (pore), are described. A taxonomic key based on the size, shape and arrangement of the subsidiary cells of the stomatal complexes was constructed. This key enables the identification of pine needle fragments at the species level (except those belonging to the group P. gr. nigra-uncinata). Despite their overlapping range, pore size was helpful in distinguishing between P. nigra and P. uncinata and between three groups of species. Isolated stomata were also observed. Cluster and discriminant analyses of stomatal variables described in earlier studies were performed. Overlap in guard cell variables hampers species-level identification of isolated stomata. Species discrimination is improved if groups of ecological affinity are considered.
    Mots-clés : cuticle, epidermis, Holocene, Iberian Peninsula, macrofossil, stomata.

  • Gibout Christophe et Zwarterook Irénée (2014) « Gérer les risques industriels et la pollution dans le Dunkerquois: une double échelle transactionnelle », Pensée plurielle, 2, p. 131–148. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=PP_033_0131.

  • González Eduardo, Cabezas Álvaro, Corenblit Dov et Steiger Johannes (2014) « Autochthonous Versus Allochthonous Organic Matter in Recent Soil C Accumulation Along a Floodplain Biogeomorphic Gradient: An Exploratory Study », Journal of Environmental Geography, 7 (1-2), p. 29–38. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jengeo.2014.7.issue-1-2/jengeo-2014-0004/jengeo-2014-0004.xml.

  • Goubet Pierre et Darinot Fabrice (2014) « L’histoire de la tourbière de la Réserve naturelle nationale du Marais de Lavours : ce que nous révèlent les macrorestes », Bulletin hors série n°3 de la société linéenne, p. 17-29. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01133493.


  • Guyot Sylvain, Dellier Julien et Cerbelaud Fabien (2014) « L’environnement au profit des plus riches ? Construction et hybridation d’un front écologique métropolitain dans la Péninsule du Cap (Afrique du Sud) », VertigO : la Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement, 14 (1). DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.14660. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01118886.
    Mots-clés : Afrique du Sud, apartheid/postapartheid, Blancs, front d’urbanisation, front écologique, hybridation, métropole, parc national, péninsule du Cap.


  • Larrue Sébastien (2014) « Cyclones influence native plant diversity on 22 remote high islands of French Polynesia and Pitcairn (eastern Polynesia). », Physical Geography, p. 497-513. DOI : 10.1080/02723646.2014.946808. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01122871.
    Résumé : I examined the relative influence of eight spatial characteristics on native plant diversity in 22 volcanic high islands of eastern Polynesia. The characteristics used as potential predictors in this study included island area, highest elevation, distance to the nearest continent, distance to the nearest archipelago, distance to the nearest similar island, index of isolation, distance to the largest and highest island of Tahiti, and distance to the “cyclonic alley.” Among characteristics studied, native plant diversity (indigenous and endemic species) was primarily linked with the island area and highest elevation of the islands. Contemporary cyclones were an important predictor to explain indigenous plant diversity in the remote islands surveyed. In the study area, this result suggests that cyclones, moving from the west Pacific Ocean basin to the eastern Polynesian islands, have provided more indigenous species in the remote high islands located close to the cyclonic alley. Isolation did not appear as a significant predictor to explain native plant diversity in the high islands surveyed, possibly due to a stepping-stone-island-effect and the proximity of the cyclonic alley. These findings suggest that isolation could be tempered by a cyclonic-transport-flow-effect in the study area, thus reducing the effective distance of the remote islands from the mainland source pool for seed dispersal.
    Mots-clés : Abiotic factors, cyclones, Eastern Polynesia, Island biogeography, native plant diversity.


  • Larrue Sébastien (2014) « Cyclones influence native plant diversity on 22 remote high islands of French Polynesia and Pitcairn (eastern Polynesia) », Physical Geography, 35 (6) (août), p. 497 - 513. DOI : 10.1080/02723646.2014.946808. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01648247.

  • Larrue Sébastien, Daehler Curtis C., Vautier Franck et Bufford Jennifer L. (2014) « Forest Invasion by the African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) in the Hawaiian Islands: Are Seedlings Shade-Tolerant? », Pacific Science, 68 (3), p. 345-358. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01122865.
    Résumé : Native to West Africa, Spathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) is frequently viewed as a shade-intolerant invader. It commonly colonizes roadsides, human-disturbed forests and abandoned agricultural land in tropical islands, where it can then become dominant in secondary forests. Some authors have suggested that the seedlings may be shade-tolerant and able to establish in closed forest, but the shade tolerance of seedlings has never been evaluated. We identified tolerated light environments of S. campanulata seedlings in wet forests in Hawaii by measuring photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) around naturally occurring seedlings (< 30 cm height) in the field. We also measured photosynthetic responses of seedlings to light under field and lab conditions, and determined seedling growth rates in sun and shade. Seedlings were found in shaded conditions in the field, and they consistently had positive net carbon gain at 50 µmol photons m-2·s-1 PAR, with an estimated mean compensation point below 10 µmol photons m-2·s-1, indicating high shade tolerance. The most frequent midday light environments of S. campanulata seedlings in the field were in the range around 50 to 200 µmol photons m-2·s-1 PAR, i.e., 2.5% to 10% of full sunlight. Among seedlings found growing in shade, minimum saturating light (Ek), determined from chlorophyll fluorescence, averaged 260 µmol photons m-2·s-1, suggesting that seedling maximum photosynthesis can occur at less than 13% of full sun. Growth rates of young seedlings in shade and sun were comparable. Widespread wind dispersal of seeds, seedling tolerance of low light, and our observations of some S. campanulata saplings establishing in rainforest without recent disturbance suggest that S. campanulata will be a persistent component of Hawaiian lowland rainforests.
    Mots-clés : Biogeography, Hawaiian Islands, Invasive species, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), shade tolerance, Spathodea campanulata.

  • Linton Jamie (2014) « Modern water and its discontents: a history of hydrosocial renewal », Wires Water, 1 (January/February), p. 111-120. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01135003.
    Résumé : Water planning and management in the 20th century were characterized by a particular way of understanding and relating to water that may be described in terms of 'modern water'. Essentially, modern water is a way of knowing, accounting for, and representing water apart from its social context. Modern water replaced a wealth of different waters whose essence was defined by the social circumstances in which they occurred, rather than by the compound of oxygen and hydrogen to which all waters may be reduced. This paper traces the history of modern water and describes its current retreat in the face of circumstances that call for the resocialization of waters. Several examples of this resocialization are given, including a new way of representing hydrosocial relations known as the 'hydrosocial cycle', the campaign for the human right to water and emerging practices in water engineering and water management.
    Mots-clés : paradigm change, water, water history, Water management.
  • Linton Jamie (2014) « Modern Water and its Discontents: a history of hydrosocial renewal », WIREs Water, 1 (1), p. 111-120.

  • Linton Jamie (2014) « Modern water and its discontents: a history of hydrosocial renewal », Wires Water, 1 (January/February), p. 111-120. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01135003.
    Résumé : Water planning and management in the 20th century were characterized by a particular way of understanding and relating to water that may be described in terms of 'modern water'. Essentially, modern water is a way of knowing, accounting for, and representing water apart from its social context. Modern water replaced a wealth of different waters whose essence was defined by the social circumstances in which they occurred, rather than by the compound of oxygen and hydrogen to which all waters may be reduced. This paper traces the history of modern water and describes its current retreat in the face of circumstances that call for the resocialization of waters. Several examples of this resocialization are given, including a new way of representing hydrosocial relations known as the 'hydrosocial cycle', the campaign for the human right to water and emerging practices in water engineering and water management.
    Mots-clés : paradigm change, water, water history, Water management.

  • Linton Jamie et Budds Jessica (2014) « The hydrosocial cycle: Defining and mobilizing a relational-dialectical approach to water », Geoforum, 57, p. 170-180. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01134992.
    Résumé : The relationship between water and society has come to the forefront of critical inquiry in recent years, attracting significant scholarly and popular interest. As the state hydraulic paradigm gives way to modes of water governance, there is a need to recognize, reflect and represent water's broader social dimensions. In this article, we advance the concept of the hydrosocial cycle as a means of theorizing and analyzing water-society relations. The hydrosocial cycle is based on the concept of the hydrologic cycle, but modifies it in important ways. While the hydrologic cycle has the effect of separating water from its social context, the hydrosocial cycle deliberately attends to water's social and political nature. We employ a relational-dialectical approach to conceptualize the hydrosocial cycle as a socio-natural process by which water and society make and remake each other over space and time. We argue that unravelling this historical and geographical process of making and remaking offers analytical insights into the social construction and production of water, the ways by which it is made known, and the power relations that are embedded in hydrosocial change. We contend that the hydrosocial cycle comprises a process of co-constitution as well as material circulation. Existing work within the political ecology tradition considers the co-constitution of water and power, particularly in relation to processes of capital accumulation. We propose the hydrosocial cycle as an analytical tool for investigating hydrosocial relations and as a broader framework for undertaking critical political ecologies of water.
    Mots-clés : hydrosocial cycle, political ecology, politics, water.

  • Linton Jamie et Budds Jessica (2014) « The hydrosocial cycle: Defining and mobilizing a relational-dialectical approach to water », Geoforum, 57, p. 170-180. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01134992.
    Résumé : The relationship between water and society has come to the forefront of critical inquiry in recent years, attracting significant scholarly and popular interest. As the state hydraulic paradigm gives way to modes of water governance, there is a need to recognize, reflect and represent water's broader social dimensions. In this article, we advance the concept of the hydrosocial cycle as a means of theorizing and analyzing water-society relations. The hydrosocial cycle is based on the concept of the hydrologic cycle, but modifies it in important ways. While the hydrologic cycle has the effect of separating water from its social context, the hydrosocial cycle deliberately attends to water's social and political nature. We employ a relational-dialectical approach to conceptualize the hydrosocial cycle as a socio-natural process by which water and society make and remake each other over space and time. We argue that unravelling this historical and geographical process of making and remaking offers analytical insights into the social construction and production of water, the ways by which it is made known, and the power relations that are embedded in hydrosocial change. We contend that the hydrosocial cycle comprises a process of co-constitution as well as material circulation. Existing work within the political ecology tradition considers the co-constitution of water and power, particularly in relation to processes of capital accumulation. We propose the hydrosocial cycle as an analytical tool for investigating hydrosocial relations and as a broader framework for undertaking critical political ecologies of water.
    Mots-clés : hydrosocial cycle, political ecology, politics, water.

  • Marin Benoit, Hamidou Bello, Couratier Philippe, Nicol Marie, Delzor Aurélie, Raymondeau Marie, Druet-Cabanac Michel, Lautrette Géraldine, Boumédiène Farid et Preux Pierre-Marie (2014) « Population-based epidemiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in an ageing Europe–the French register of ALS in Limousin (FRALim register). », European Journal of Neurology (septembre), p. 1292-300, e78-9. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01101244.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The main objective of establishing the French register of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the Limousin region (FRALim), was to assess the incidence of ALS, in this ageing region of Europe, over a 12-year period (2000-2011). METHODS: Patients were included if they lived in Limousin at the time of diagnosis of ALS according to El Escorial revised criteria and were identified by at least one of the following sources: (i) the French national body coordinating ALS referral centres; (ii) public and private hospitals in the region; (iii) health insurance data related to long-term diseases. RESULTS: The FRALim register identified 279 incident cases (2000-2011). The crude and European population standardized incidences of ALS were as high as 3.19/100,000 person-years of follow-up (95% CI 2.81-3.56) and 2.58/100,000 person-years of follow-up (95% CI 2.27-2.89) respectively. Median age at onset was 70.8 years (interquartile range 63.1-77.1). The standardized sex incidence ratio (male/female) was 1.3 overall, but 1.1 under the age of 65 years, 1.7 between 65 and 75 years and 1.9 above 75 years. The exhaustiveness of the register has been estimated at 98.4% (95% CI 95.6-99.4) by capture-recapture analysis. CONCLUSION: It was possible for the first time in France to monitor accurately the incidence of ALS over a long time period. It appears to be in the upper range of data reported in western countries. Patterns displayed here might anticipate the epidemiology of ALS in ageing western countries.
    Mots-clés : amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, epidemiology, France, incidence, population register.


  • Mohammed Nabaz, Celle-Jeanton Hélène, Huneau Frederic, Le Coustumer P., Lavastre V., Bertrand G., Charrier G. et Clauzet M.L. (2014) « Isotopic and geochemical identification of main groundwater supply sources to an alluvial aquifer, the Allier River valley (France) », Journal of Hydrology, 508, p. 181-196. DOI : 10.1016/j.hydrol.2013.10.051. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01068229.
    Résumé : Hydrodynamic, hydrochemical, and isotopic investigations were carried out on 18 points, including boreholes, piezometers, and surface waters, from February 2011 to August 2012, to assess groundwater quality in the unconfined shallow alluvial aquifer of the Allier River (one of the main tributary of the Loire River). The study area, located near the city of Clermont-Ferrand (France), plays an important socio-economic role as the alluvial aquifer is the major source of drinking water for about 100,000 inhabitants. The objective of the project aims at understanding the functioning of alluvial aquifers that occupy a pre-eminent position in the hydrogeologic landscape both for their economic role - production of drinking water and agricultural development - and for their ecological role. Moreover, this study also targets at determining the factors and processes controlling shallow groundwater quality and origin. The water circulates from the south, with a natural alimentation from the hills in the non-pumped part of the alluvial aquifer. In the pumping zone, this general behaviour is altered by the pumping that makes the water from the Allier River enter the system in a large proportion. Four end-members have been identified for the recharge of the alluvial groundwater: rainfall, Allier River, surrounding hills' aquifer and the southern non-pumped part of the alluvial system. Results indicate that, despite the global Ca-HCO3 water type of the groundwater, spatial variations of physico-chemical parameters do exist in the study area. Ionic concentrations increase from the Allier River towards east due either to the increase in the residence time or a mixing with groundwater coming from the aquifer's borders. Stable isotopes of the water molecule show the same results: boreholes close to the river bank are recharged by the Allier River (depleted values), while boreholes far from the river exhibit isotopic contents close to the values of hills' spring or to the southern part of the alluvial aquifer, both recharged by local precipitation. One borehole (B65) does not follow this scheme of functioning and presents values attesting of a probable sealing of the Allier River banks. Based on these results, the contribution of each end-member has been calculated and the functioning of the alluvial system determined.
    Mots-clés : Allier River, Alluvial aquifer, Groundwater, Hydrochemistry, Stable isotopes.


  • Orengo Hector A., Ejarque Ana et Albiach Rosa (2014) « Water management and land-use practices from the Iron-Age to the Roman period in Eastern Iberia », Journal of Archaeological Science, 49 (mai), p. 265–275. DOI : 10.1016/j.jas.2014.05.005. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01514993.
    Résumé : This study investigates water and land usage in the territory of La Carència, an Ibero-Roman city located near Turís (Valencia, Spain) in Eastern Iberia. The outstanding political importance of La Carència during the Iberian Iron-Age period is attested by its large size, the monumental character of its structures and on-site finds. Multidisciplinary and micro-regional landscape work at its territory documented significant differences between the Iberian and the Roman settlement patterns, which are attributed to the distinct agricultural production and water management systems of each period. While Iberian sites are more related to the agricultural exploitation of flat, dry land for which water sources, such as natural springs, were probably used, Roman sites seem to be associated with more productive soils that take advantage of flooding areas and the drainage of water accumulation zones. Such different agricultural preferences based on large-scale water management are documented for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula and they attest to the great potential of multidisciplinary landscape archaeology to address past land-use practices.
    Mots-clés : Ancient agriculture, Eastern Iberia, GIS, Iberian, Remote sensing, Roman, Water management.


  • Paradis-Grenouillet Sandrine, Allée Philippe, Servera Vives Gabriel et Ploquin Alain (2014) « Sustainable management of metallurgical forest on Mont Lozère (France) during the Early Middle Ages », Environmental Archaeology. DOI : 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000050. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01128683.
    Résumé : Mont Lozère, located in the French Massif Central region, provides an exceptional context in which to research the impact that charcoal production and metallurgy had on woodlands, along with the role that these activities played in changing the mountain landscape. This study provides an insight into the land use, forest management methods and metallurgical practices in the area during the Middle Ages (11th to 15th centuries). Medieval charcoal burning platforms, archaeological remains that have often been neglected in the past as a source of historical information, along with nearby smelting sites, were identified, sampled and analysed. In this paper, spatial analyses, radiocarbon dating and anthracological and dendro-anthracological studies have been combined in a unique manner. The results reveal that charcoal burners practiced beech coppicing, where the species and diameter of wood used remained the same over a period of four centuries. It is proposed that this form of metallurgical forest management be considered an early example of a sustainable utilisation of natural resources.
    Mots-clés : Charcoal analysis, Charcoal production, Forest management, Landscape evolution, Massif Central, Metallurgical activities.


  • Paris Raphaël, Wassmer Patrick, Lavigne Franck, Belousov Alexander, Iskandarsyah Yann, Benbakkar Mhammed, Ontowirjo Budianto, Mazzoni Nelly et Balousova Marina (2014) « Coupling eruption and tsunami records: the Krakatau 1883 case study, Indonesia », Bulletin of Volcanology, 76, p. 814. DOI : 10.1007/s00445-014-0814-x. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01133616.
    Résumé : The well-documented 1883 eruption of Krakatau volcano (Indonesia) offers an opportunity to couple the eruption’s history with the tsunami record. The aim of this paper is not to re-analyse the scenario for the 1883 eruption but to demonstrate that the study of tsunami deposits provides information for reconstructing past eruptions. Indeed, though the characteristics of volcanogenic tsunami deposits are similar to those of other tsunami deposits, they may include juvenile material (e.g. fresh pumice) or be interbedded with distal pyroclastic deposits (ash fall, surges), due to their simultaneity with the eruption. Five kinds of sedimentary and volcanic facies related to the 1883 events were identified along the coasts of Java and Sumatra: (1) bioclastic tsunami sands and (2) pumiceous tsunami sands, deposited respectively before and during the Plinian phase (26–27 August); (3) rounded pumice lapilli reworked by tsunami; (4) pumiceous ash fall deposits and (5) pyroclastic surge deposits (only in Sumatra). The stratigraphic record on the coasts of Java and Sumatra, which agrees particularly well with observations of the 1883 events, is tentatively linked to the proximal stratigraphy of the eruption.
    Mots-clés : 1883 Krakatau eruption, Indonesia, Pyroclastic fall, Pyroclastic surge, Tsunami deposits, Volcanic tsunami.


  • Poiraud Alexandre (2014) « Landslide susceptibility–certainty mapping by a multi-method approach: A case study in the Tertiary basin of Puy-en-Velay (Massif central, France) », Geomorphology, 216, p. 208-224. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.04.001. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01087903.
    Résumé : The present study discusses the use of integrated variables along with a combination of multi-method forecasts for landslide susceptibility mapping. The study area is located in the south-eastern French Massif central, a volcanic region containing Tertiary sedimentary materials that are prone to landslides. The flowage-type landslides within the study area are very slow-moving phenomena which affect the infrastructures and human settlements. The modelling process is based on a training set of landslides (70% of total landslides) and a set of controlling factor (slope, lithology, surficial formation, the topographic wetness index, the topographic position index, distance to thalweg, and aspect). We create a composite variable (or integrated variable), corresponding to the union of geology and surficial formation, in order to avoid the conditional dependence between these two variables and to build a geotechnical variable. We use five classical modelling methods (index, weight-of-evidence, logistic regression, decision tree, and unique condition unit) with the same training set but with different architectures of input data made up of controlling factors. All the models are tested with a validation group (30% of total landslides), using the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) to quantify their predictive performance. We finally select a single “best” model for each method. However, these five models are all equivalent in quality, despite their differences in detail, so no single model stands out against another. Finally, we combine the five models into a unique susceptibility map with a calculation of median susceptibility class. The final AUC value of this combined map is better than that for a single model (except for Unique Condition Unit), and we can evaluate the certainty of the susceptibility class pixel by pixel. In agreement with the sparse literature on this topic, we conclude that i) integrated variables increase the performance of classical modelling processes and ii) the combination of multi-method forecasts is a pragmatic solution to the inherent problem of choosing the most suitable method for the available data and geomorphological context.
    Mots-clés : Certainty mapping, Combination forecast, Integrated variable, Landslide susceptibility mapping, multi-method, Velay.

  • Rassat Graziella (2014) « Le repérage et l'étude des sites archéologiques sous couvert forestier charentais : de la prospection pédestre à l'utilisation de la technique LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging). », Bulletin de liaison et d'information de l'Association des Archéologues de Poitou-Charentes, 43, p. 63-70. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126715.
    Mots-clés : Charente, forêt, LiDAR, prospection archéologique.
  • Raynal Jean-Paul, Lafarge Audrey, Remy D., Delvigne Vincent, Guadelli Jean-Luc, Costamagno S., Daujeard C., Vivent D., Fernandes Paul, Le Corre-Le Beux M., Vernet Gérard, Bazille F. et Lefevre D. (2014) « Datations SMA et nouveaux regards sur l’archéo-séquence du Rond-du-Barry (Polignac, Haute-Loire) », CR Palevol, 13 (7), p. 623-636.


  • Raynal Jean-Paul, Lafarge Audrey, Rémy Delphine, Delvigne Vincent, Guadelli Jean-Luc, Costamagno Sandrine, Le Gall Olivier, Daujeard Camille, Vivent Dominique, Fernandes Paul, Le Corre-Le Beux Muriel, Vernet Gérard, Bazile Frédéric et Lefèvre David (2014) « Radiocarbon AMS ages and a reappraisal of the archeological sequence of the Rond-du-Barry Cave (Polignac, Haute-Loire) », Comptes Rendus Palevol, 13 (7), p. 623-636. DOI : 10.1016/j.crpv.2014.03.010. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01139420.
    Mots-clés : Antler, Badegoulian, Badegoulien, Bois de renne, Bone, Magdalenian, magdalénien, Mass, Mousterian, Moustérien, Os, Radiocarbon, Radiocarbone, Spectrométrie de masse par accélérateur, Spectrometry, Tephra.

  • Richard Frédéric, Chevallier Marius, Dellier Julien et Lagarde Vincent (2014) « Circuits courts agroalimentaires de proximité en Limousin : performance économique et processus de gentrification rurale », Norois, 230 (1) (septembre 9), p. 21-39. http://www.cairn.info.ezproxy.unilim.fr/article.php?ID_ARTICLE=NOR_230_0021.


  • Richard Frédéric, Chevallier Marius, Dellier Julien et Lagarde Vincent (2014) « Rural Gentrifi cation and Economic Performance of Local Short Food Supply Chain in Limousin », Norois - Environnement, aménagement, société, 230 (janvier). DOI : 10.4000/ norois.4997. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01132481.
    Mots-clés : economic performance – short food supply chain – agriculture – social change – rural gentrification, performance économique – circuits courts de proximité – agriculture – recomposition sociale – gentrification rurale.


  • Richard Frédéric, Dellier Julien et Tommasi Greta (2014) « Migration, environment and rural gentrification in the Limousin mountains », Revue de Géographie Alpine, 102 (4). (Nouveaux habitants. Dynamiques de repeuplement en zone de montagne). DOI : 10.4000/rga.2525. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01118736.
    Mots-clés : environnement, gentrification rurale, Migration, Montagne limousine, PNR Millevaches.

  • Richard Frédéric, Dellier Julien et Tommasi Greta (2014) « Migration, environnement et gentrification rurale en Montagne limousine », Journal of Alpine Research | Revue de géographie alpine, 102-4 (décembre 31). http://rga.revues.org/2525.
    Résumé : Les dynamiques migratoires des espaces ruraux et/ou montagnards font l’objet de nombreuses recherches dont les différents appareillages conceptuels et méthodologiques relèvent de (sous)champs scientifiques ou disciplinaires distincts. Se distinguent, entre autres, les entrées par la population, les migrations d’aménités ou encore par la gentrification rurale (Smith, 1998 ; M. Phillips, 1993 ; Bryson et Wyckoff, 2010). C’est à travers le prisme de cette dernière que la contribution proposée vise à lire les dynamiques démographiques, socioculturelles et environnementales à l’œuvre dans la Montagne limousine. Une partie de la littérature anglo-saxonne portant sur la gentrification rurale a permis de souligner le rôle central de l’environnement et/ou de la nature à la fois en tant que représentations et cadre géographique dans les dynamiques migratoires et les processus de recomposition sociale susceptibles de produire une ou des formes de gentrification rurale, ou greentrication. Dans le détail, l’environnement agirait en amont de l’installation des migrants et les accompagnerait tout au long de leur parcours migratoire et résidentiel. Mais en aval de leur implantation, du fait même de leurs caractéristiques de gentrifieurs, c’est-à-dire de nouveaux résidents, acteurs de la gentrification, ces derniers agiraient pour modifier la ou les dimensions environnementales de leur cadre de vie et le faire ainsi tendre vers « l’idéal » qui les avait initialement attirés. En l’espèce, les enquêtes de terrain tendraient à indiquer que si ce cadre général est plutôt pertinent pour la Montagne limousine, il reste néanmoins nécessaire de préciser, d’une part la nature des gentrifieurs, lesquels pourraient éventuellement être qualifiés d’altergentrifieurs, et d’autre part, que leur impact est inégalement significatif au sein du PNR de Millevaches.
    Mots-clés : environnement, gentrification rurale, Migration, Montagne limousine, PNR Millevaches.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2014) « La dissolution des terroirs et des territoires viticoles dans l’architecture des domaines viticoles », Sud Ouest Européen, n°36, p. 85-96. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01230918.
    Résumé : Le terroir viticole est utilisé souvent comme un concept valise, où beaucoup d’acceptions peuvent voisiner, de l’agronomique au culturel. De cette confusion les acteurs vitivinicoles construisent des politiques de communication et du marketing autant sur de la réalité que du mythe. Ils fondent souvent cette communication sur l’histoire locale du territoire viticole, en voulant frapper l’imagination en inventant et en réinventant l’histoire des vignobles. Cette progression de la communication autour des terroirs et des territoires viticoles aboutit à des visions post modernes, très relativistes, du territoire, où la subjectivité se nourrit des symboles culturels dans le paysage et sur le bâti. A travers une approche de l’architecture de certains domaines de l’appellation viticole contrôlée Somontano (Espagne), de certains domaines du Nouveau Monde, et de bâtis iconoclastes comme entrée vitivinicole, nous nous sommes intéressés à la dissolution du terroir et du territoire dans la communication liée à l’architecture des domaines viticoles.
    Mots-clés : architecture de chais, communication, marketing, territoires viticoles, terroirs viticoles.


  • Saez Jérôme Lopez, Corona Christophe, Stoffel Markus et Berger Frédéric (2014) « Assessment of forested shallow landslide movements coupling tree ring records from stems and exposed roots », Géomorphologie : Relief. Processus. Environnement, 2/2014, p. 159-174. DOI : 10.4000/geomorphologie.10616. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131658.
    Résumé : The purpose of this study is to explore and illustrate the potential of exposed roots to reconstruct larger-scale landslide activity and thus to complement tree-ring data gathered from stems to reconstruct spatio-temporal patterns of landslide reactivation. Work was undertaken in a forested area of the Davids-Bas landslide, Barcelonnette (Southeastern French Alps) and based on growth disturbances (GD) from 48 stems and on anatomical changes (decrease of cell lumina) in 20 exposed root sections of heavily affected Mountain pine (Pinus uncinata Mill. ex Mirb.) trees growing on the scarps and upon the landslide body. A total of 95 GD and 20 anatomical changes were identified in the samples pointing to 7 movements of the landslide body since AD 1977. The study demonstrates that reconstructions of landslide reactivations obtained from exposed roots samples are not significantly different from those gathered from stems, but that the inclusion of exposed roots permits realization of frequency maps in sectors which could not be documented with classic dendrogeomorphic approaches focusing on tree-ring records from stems (scars, cracks). In addition, and even more importantly, the inclusion of exposed roots allowed assessment of the geomorphic evolution of the landslide at the local scale and to detect precursor signals of major reactivations in the form of crack widening before the main movement was registered in the tree stems. In that sense, the combined approach presented in this paper can be considered as a valuable tool for land-use planners and emergency cells in charge of forecasting future events and in protecting people and their assets from the negative effects of landslides.
    Mots-clés : dendrogeomorphology, exposed root, French Alps, landslide.


  • Servera Vives Gabriel, Miras Yannick, Riera Mora Santiago, Julià Ramón, Allée Philippe, Orengo Hector A., Paradis-Grenouillet Sandrine et Maria Palet Josep (2014) « Tracing the land use history and vegetation dynamics in the Mont Lozère (Massif Central, France) during the last 2000 years: the interdisciplinary study case of Countrasts peat bog », Quaternary International, 353, p. 123-139. (Environmental History of European High Mountains). DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.10.048. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01128665.
    Résumé : The Countrasts Bog (1400 m a.s.l.), located in the western part of the Mont Lozère medium mountain, has been the object of an interdisciplinary study combining multiproxy analyses which includes pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPP), macrocharcoal particles, sedimentology and geochemistry, with archaeological and archaeobotanical data. The high temporal resolution of the palaeoenvironmental study, with an average resolution of 40 years between samples, allows us to trace the landscape dynamics for the last 2000 years at a micro-regional scale. During the Roman Imperial period (ca. 1st–3rd centuries AD) local agropastoral activities were moderate, whereas metallurgical activities developed in the region as attested by geochemical records. Later, during Late Antiquity and Early Medieval periods (ca. 3rd–10th centuries AD), agropastoral activities increased and human impact produced major changes in local mire dynamics with the replacement of birch wooded bogs by sedge communities. During the High Middle Ages (ca. 10th–13th centuries AD), a complex system of land uses was established, based on different activities including ore smelting, forestry and agropastoralism, attested by pollen, NPP and geochemistry data, as well as by archaeological, archaeobotanical and historical evidence. Since the Late Middle Ages (ca. 14th century AD), local metallurgical activities and forestry management decline have coincided with the expansion of grazing in uplands. This new land use favored the expansion of upland grasslands and heathlands and triggered the establishment of an open-landscape during the Early Modern Period (ca. 15th–18th centuries AD). At the end of the 19th century and the 20th century, agropastoral activities declined while reforestation was carried out.
    Mots-clés : land uses, Landscape evolution, mountain, Multiproxy, NPP, Pollen.


  • Stoffel Markus et Corona Christophe (2014) « Dendroecological dating of geomorphic disturbance in trees », Tree-Ring Research, 70 (1), p. 3-20. DOI : 10.3959/1536-1098-70.1.3. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131659.
    Résumé : The initial employment of tree rings in geomorphic studies was simply as a dating tool and only rarely were other environmental information and records of damage contained within the tree exploited. However, these annually resolved tree-ring records also preserve valuable archives of past geomorphic processes on timescales of decades to centuries. As many of these processes are significant natural hazards, understanding their distribution, timing and controls provides crucial information that can assist in the prediction, mitigation and defense against these hazards and their effects on society. This contribution aims at presenting a proposal on the types of growth disturbances to be included in future work focusing on geomorphic disturbance, the intensity of reactions, and on the minimum requirements needed for growth disturbances to be considered in event histories. We present possibilities and limitations of dendrogeomorphic applications in geomorphic research and propose a range of techniques and approaches that may become standard practice in the analysis and understanding of earth-surface processes and related natural hazards in the future.
    Mots-clés : dendrogeomorphology, earth-surface process, geomorphology, hydrogeomorphology, injury, reaction wood, resin duct, tracheid, vessel, Wood anatomy.


  • Trappmann Daniel, Stoffel Markus et Corona Christophe (2014) « Achieving a more realistic assessment of rockfall hazards by coupling three-dimensional process models and field-based tree-ring data », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39 (114) (novembre), p. 1866–1875. DOI : 10.1002/esp.3580. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131652.
    Résumé : Sound knowledge of the spatial and temporal patterns of rockfalls is fundamental for the management of this very common hazard in mountain environments. Process-based, three-dimensional simulation models are nowadays capable of reproducing the spatial distribution of rockfall occurrences with reasonable accuracy through the simulation of numerous individual trajectories on highly-resolved digital terrain models. At the same time, however, simulation models typically fail to quantify the ‘real’ frequency of rockfalls (in terms of return intervals). The analysis of impact scars on trees, in contrast, yields real rockfall frequencies, but trees may not be present at the location of interest and rare trajectories may not necessarily be captured due to the limited age of forest stands. In this article, we demonstrate that the coupling of modeling with tree-ring techniques may overcome the limitations inherent to both approaches. Based on the analysis of 64 cells (40 m × 40 m) of a rockfall slope located above a 1631-m long road section in the Swiss Alps, we illustrate results from 488 rockfalls detected in 1260 trees. We illustrate that tree impact data cannot only be used (i) to reconstruct the real frequency of rockfalls for individual cells, but that they also serve (ii) the calibration of the rockfall model Rockyfor3D, as well as (iii) the transformation of simulated trajectories into real frequencies. Calibrated simulation results are in good agreement with real rockfall frequencies and exhibit significant differences in rockfall activity between the cells (zones) along the road section. Real frequencies, expressed as rock passages per meter road section, also enable quantification and direct comparison of the hazard potential between the zones. The contribution provides an approach for hazard zoning procedures that complements traditional methods with a quantification of rockfall frequencies in terms of return intervals through a systematic inclusion of impact records in trees.
    Mots-clés : 3D rockfall simulation models, dendrogeomorphology, hazard assessment, rockfall frequency, tree ring.
2013

  • Alfonso Guy, Brunet-Gaston Véronique, Cabanis Manon, Caillat Pierre, Clémençon Bernard, Colombier-Gougouzian Aline, Rémy B et Wittman Alain (2013) « Les espaces de cuisine d’un édifice public ou collectif d’Augustonemetum/Clermont-Ferrand (Puy-de-Dôme). », Gallia, 70-1, p. 71-92. (Cuisine et Boulangerie en Gaule Romaine). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131006.
    Mots-clés : AUVERGNE, cuisine, romain.


  • Anderson R Scott, Ejarque Ana, Brown Peter M et Hallett Douglas J (2013) « Holocene and historical Vegetation Change and Fire History in the Mid-Coastal Region of California », Holocene, 23 (12) (octobre), p. 1797-1810. DOI : 10.1177/0959683613505344. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01514994.
    Résumé : Pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs), and charcoal particle stratigraphies are used to determine environmental change at Glenmire, Point Reyes Peninsula, northcentral coastal California, over the last c. 6200 years. Pollen was not preserved in early Holocene sediments when climate was drier than present. However, groundwater tables rose after c. 6200 cal. BP, allowing for greater subsequent preservation of organic matter. Middle and late Holocene environments were a mosaic of vegetation types, including mixed conifer forest with coastal scrub grassland prior to c. 4000 cal. BP. Subsequently, hardwoods such as alder (Alnus) and coastal scrub (e.g. Artemisia, Baccharis) expanded until c. 2200 cal. BP, followed by tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), and coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). With increasing amounts of oak (Quercus), this mosaic of vegetation types continued to dominate until the arrival of Euro-Americans in the early to mid-1800s. The fire history is probably tied closely to human settlement, since natural ignitions are rare. Elevated charcoal amounts coincide with increased sedentism of the native populations by about 3500 cal. BP. Increased sedentism may have caused a more intense and constant use of the coastal environment around Glenmire. For the most recent centuries, we compared historical records of explorations, Spanish Mission establishment, consolidation of the native Coast Miwok population, ranching by Mexican nationals, and dairying by Americans at the height of California’s gold rush with the paleoecological record. The Glenmire record thus documents changing fire use following the ad 1793 fire suppression proclamation; declines in native forest species; introductions of non-native species, including those associated with livestock grazing and land disturbance; and an increase in coprophilous fungi (NPPs) associated with the presence of large numbers of sheep and cattle, among other changes. During the historical period, the sedimentary record of historical fires closely matches the nearby fire-scar tree-ring record.


  • Arbellay Estelle, Stoffel Markus et Decaulne Armelle (2013) « Dating of snow avalanches by means of wound-induced vessel anomalies in sub-arctic Betula pubescens », Boreas, 42 (3), p. 568-574. DOI : 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00302.x. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00302.x/abstract.
    Résumé : Dendrogeomorphic research has long relied on scarred trees to reconstruct the frequency of mass-movement processes. Injuries have mostly been dated macroscopically by counting the tree rings formed after wounding. Tree-ring anatomical anomalies induced by cambial injury, in contrast, have only recently been recognized as proxy records of past events. We investigated 12 sub-arctic downy birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) trees scarred by snow avalanches in Norway and Iceland. Earlywood vessel lumina were measured for each tree in the xylem tissue bordering the scars. Seven successive rings were examined, namely two control rings laid down prior to wounding and five rings in the wound xylem. We provide evidence that snow-avalanche-induced wounding resulted in atypically narrow earlywood vessels over at least two years. Our data demonstrate that wound-associated vessel anomalies represent tangible markers of mass-movement processes, and as such make a viable tool for reconstructing past events. Similar dendrogeomorphic studies based on tree-ring anatomy can be readily conducted with other mass-movement processes, as well as with other broad-leaved tree species. Ultimately, this new approach will foster increment coring over more invasive sampling techniques.


  • Barbier Nicolas (2013) « La gouvernance conflictuelle relative à la cogestion des saumons dans le bassin du fleuve Columbia (États-Unis) », VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l'Environnement. DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.14412. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01225934.
    Résumé : Dans la portion états-unienne du bassin du Columbia, les populations de saumons sont cinq fois moins nombreuses qu’il y a 150 ans. Elles sont cogérées par des acteurs fédéraux, fédérés et tribaux afin de les restaurer. Dans cette région plus étendue que la France, l’État fédéral domine la gouvernance relative à la cogestion d’espèces de saumons en danger ou menacées. L’agence fédérale du NOAA Fisheries Service rédige les plans de restauration et les études biologiques programmatrices qui orientent les actions de terrain. Les acteurs de terrain fédérés et tribaux ont une multitude de tâches, de la réintroduction de populations locales à la restauration de zones ripariennes en passant par la gestion des écloseries ou le contrôle de la pêche. Parallèlement, une cour fédérale de l’État d’Oregon a le pouvoir de réorienter les plans et études fédéraux si ceux-ci ne sont pas conformes à l’Endangered Species Act votée par le Congrès des États-Unis en 1973. Au cours des années 2000, cette cour a notamment contribué à réduire l’impact létal des barrages sur les saumons. Si certaines populations locales de saumons ont été partiellement reconstituées, des problèmes majeurs ne sont pas résolus : les grands barrages continuent d’entraver la restauration globale, de même que les pollutions et les dégradations d’une partie de l’environnement des bassins hydrographiques. Des conflits entre groupes d’intérêts se poursuivent. Des groupes d’écologistes et de pêcheurs ainsi que des tribus indiennes réclament une restauration plus ambitieuse. Ils se heurtent à des intérêts industriels et agricoles majeurs généralement protégés par les États fédéral et fédérés. Ces deux acteurs gouvernementaux s’opposent au développement d’une partie des projets tribaux liés aux écloseries. L’adoption de la Déclaration onusienne sur les droits des peuples autochtones par l’Administration de Barack Obama en 2010 pourrait atténuer des différends et faire évoluer la gouvernance à l’étude.
    Mots-clés : bassin versant, cogestion, Columbia, conflit, fleuve, gouvernance, saumon.

  • Barbier Nicolas et Heude Jacques (2013) « Restauration d’écosystèmes aquatiques et ripariens dans le territoire autochtone des Indiens Nez Percé (Idaho, Oregon, Washington) », Revue du Nord, Hors-Série numéro 19 (octobre). (Eaux de la vie : pour une histoire de la biodiversité des cours d'eau). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01224617.
    Résumé : Le territoire autochtone de la tribu des Nez Percé est situé à cheval sur le centre-nord de l'Idaho, le nord-est de l'Oregon, le sud-est de l'État de Washington. Essentiellement montagneux, majoritai-rement couvert de forêts de conifères, il chevauche le centre-nord de l'Idaho ainsi que de petites portions du nord-est de l'Oregon et du sud-est de l'État de Washington (fig. 1). Ce territoire de 54 000 km 2 , faiblement peuplé (175 000 habitants en 2010), est inclus dans le bassin de la rivière Snake. La tribu fut dépossédée par les États-Unis de 98 % de la superficie de son territoire entre 1863 et 1900. Entre la fin XIX e siècle et les années 1960, elle assista, pratiquement impuissante, à la dégradation des écosystèmes aquatiques et ripa-riens dues à l'agriculture, aux industries, à l'urbanisa-tion et à des aménagements hydrauliques. À partir des années 1960 et d'une sensibilité accrue aux problèmes environnementaux 1 , des étapes juri-diques clés (grandes lois nationales de protection de la qualité de l'eau) et des seuils maxima de pollution, censés améliorer la qualité de l'eau, se sont succédés. Si certaines détériorations ont été atténuées, beaucoup d'autres se poursuivent actuellement. Leurs disparités spatiales sont marquées. Depuis 1990, plusieurs espèces de saumons sont classées dans la liste fédé-rale des espèces en danger. Dans ce cadre juridique,
    Mots-clés : écosystème, Idaho, milieu aquatique, Nez Percé, Oregon, pollution, Restauration écologique, Washington, zone riparienne.

  • Blanckaert K., Garcia X.-F., Steiger Johannes et Uijttewaal W. (2013) « Preface Ecohydraulics : linkages between hydraulics, morphodynamics and ecological processes in rivers. », Ecohydrology, 6 (4), p. 507-510. DOI : 10.1002/eco.1414. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00877922.

  • Cabanis Manon et Marguerie Dominique (2013) « Les ressources en bois dans le bassin de Clermont-Ferrand du Néolithique à la période romaine d'après l'analyse dendro-anthracologique », Quaternaire, 24-2, p. 117-127. (Acte du colloque Q8, Clermont-Ferrand). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01130981.
    Mots-clés : approvisionnement en bois, AUVERGNE, Holocene.

  • Cabanis Manon et Marguerie Dominique (2013) « WOOD RESOURCES IN THE CLERMONT-FERRAND BASIN FROM THE NEOLITHIC TO THE ROMAN PERIOD BASED ON THE DENDRO-ANTHRACOLOGICAL ANALYSIS », QUATERNAIRE, 24 (2), p. 129-139. https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01147544.
    Résumé : Dendro-anthracological analyses were performed on 19 archaeological sites located in the Limagne plain and dated from the 5th millennium BC to the 3rd century AD. Analyses concerned different archaeological contexts such as fireplaces, post-holes and settlement sites. The data shows a change in wood supply with time, namely the replacement of oak by beech between the 1st and the 2nd Iron Age. On the light of pollen records, this change does not seem to be related to a contemporary change in local wood availability as beech forests were already present in the area from the Bronze Age. Besides, the higher diversity of heliophilous taxa, the increasing trend of the oak fc. charcoal average tree ring width and the proliferation of sites reporting more than 10 % of small coals -i.e. branches, twigs reveal a heterogeneous vegetation context which included a low undergrowth cover like as hedges and thickets. Such environmental diversification reported from the early Iron Age, which is further stressed from the second Iron Age, corroborates the land use pattern documented in the Basse Auvergne from this age to the Roman period. This shows a progressively denser settlement with a land plot network and villae. Anthracological analyses presented in this article are a series of particular case-studies which interpreted all together enable us to define the timber resource management history of the Basse Auvergne from the Neolithic to the Roman period.
    Mots-clés : charcoal, dendrology, Holocene, Massif Central, wood resource.


  • Casado Ana, Hannah David, Peiry Jean-Luc et Campo Alicia (2013) « Influence of dam-induced hydrological regulation on summer water temperature: Sauce Grande River, Argentina. », Ecohydrology, 2013 (6), p. 523–535. DOI : 10.1002/eco.1375. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01129395.
    Résumé : This study quantifies for the first time the influence of flow regulation on the river thermal behaviour of an ungauged basin located in central-eastern Argentina. A 30-day data set of continuous summer hourly data was assembled for eight water temperature gauging sites deployed along the main channel upstream and downstream from the impoundment. Analysis methods include descriptive statistics of daily temperature data, classification of diurnal regimes by relative differences in the ‘shape’ and the ‘magnitude’ of the thermographs (RSMC), and quantification of the climatic sensitivity of water temperature regimes using a sensitivity index. Results revealed that temporal fluctuations in water temperatures were linked to meteorological drivers; however, spatial variability in the shape and the magnitude of the thermographs revealed the effects of the dam in regulating river thermal behaviour downstream. Water temperatures immediately below the dam were reduced notably; diurnal cycles were reduced in magnitude, delayed in timing, and revealed overall climatic insensitivity and high temporal stability in regime shape. Dam effects persisted along the 15-km stretch monitored, although declined in the downstream direction. These findings provide new scientific understanding about the river water quality and inform river management about potential shifts in summer water temperature with great implications for the diversity and lifecycles of Neotropical river fauna. The use of the RSMC and sensitivity index approaches in water temperature assessment is novel and has wider applicability for quantifying river thermal regimes and their sensitivity to drivers of change over a range of temporal and spatial scales.
    Mots-clés : Flow regulation, regime shape and magnitude classification (RSMC), river water temperature, sensitivity index (SI), thermographes, ungauged basins.


  • Casado Ana, Hannah David, Peiry Jean-Luc et Campo Alicia (2013) « Influence of dam-induced hydrological regulation on summer water temperature: Sauce Grande River, Argentina. », Ecohydrology, 2013 (6), p. 523–535. DOI : 10.1002/eco.1375. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01129395.
    Résumé : This study quantifies for the first time the influence of flow regulation on the river thermal behaviour of an ungauged basin located in central-eastern Argentina. A 30-day data set of continuous summer hourly data was assembled for eight water temperature gauging sites deployed along the main channel upstream and downstream from the impoundment. Analysis methods include descriptive statistics of daily temperature data, classification of diurnal regimes by relative differences in the ‘shape’ and the ‘magnitude’ of the thermographs (RSMC), and quantification of the climatic sensitivity of water temperature regimes using a sensitivity index. Results revealed that temporal fluctuations in water temperatures were linked to meteorological drivers; however, spatial variability in the shape and the magnitude of the thermographs revealed the effects of the dam in regulating river thermal behaviour downstream. Water temperatures immediately below the dam were reduced notably; diurnal cycles were reduced in magnitude, delayed in timing, and revealed overall climatic insensitivity and high temporal stability in regime shape. Dam effects persisted along the 15-km stretch monitored, although declined in the downstream direction. These findings provide new scientific understanding about the river water quality and inform river management about potential shifts in summer water temperature with great implications for the diversity and lifecycles of Neotropical river fauna. The use of the RSMC and sensitivity index approaches in water temperature assessment is novel and has wider applicability for quantifying river thermal regimes and their sensitivity to drivers of change over a range of temporal and spatial scales.
    Mots-clés : Flow regulation, regime shape and magnitude classification (RSMC), river water temperature, sensitivity index (SI), thermographes, ungauged basins.

  • Chevalier Emilie et Guadagno Eleonora (2013) « Tracing Social inequalities in Environementally-induced Migration, Colloque international, Bielefeld, du 9 au 13 décembre 2012. Compte-rendu par Émilie Chevalier & Eleonora Guadagno », E-Migrinter, 10, p. 85-90. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00929772.
    Mots-clés : environmental, Migration.

  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « Les circuits courts, une voie rémunératrice mais risquée », Agreste Limousin, 99, p. 1-4. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00933572.
    Résumé : Les exploitations agricoles en bovin viande commercialisant en circuits courts dégagent un revenu supérieur en moyenne à celui de l'ensemble des producteurs spécialisés du Limousin. Toutefois, s'il est possible d'atteindre des revenus nettement supérieurs, le risque d'obtenir des résultats inférieurs aux performances hors circuits courts n'est pas négligeable. Les circuits courts permettent ainsi de conserver plus de revenu sur le siège de l'exploitation, donc en milieu rural. Mais ils ne peuvent constituer une stratégie équitable de développement local que si un accompagnement est proposé aux exploitants qui souhaitent adopter ce débouché.
    Mots-clés : circuits de proximité agroalimentaires, performance économique.
  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « L’hétérogénéité des circuits courts : un défi pour le soutien institutionnel », Agreste Limousin, 96, p. 1-4.

  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « L'hétérogénéité des circuits courts : un défi pour le soutien institutionnel », Agreste Limousin, 96, p. 1-4. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00933589.
    Résumé : Les circuits courts bénéficient d'un intérêt institutionnel croissant, pour autant l'hétérogénéité des pratiques constitue un défi à ce soutien. En particulier, la proximité relationnelle qui caractérise les circuits courts en Limousin ne serait pas un phénomène passager lié à une dynamique d'émergence mais une propriété durable qui induit un mode d'accompagnement spécifique. Cet accompagnement se caractérise par un recours plus important à la formation par les pairs et un rôle croissant des politiques publiques à l'échelon local.
    Mots-clés : circuits de proximité agroalimentaire, politiques publiques.


  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « La structure coopérative, garante de l'entreprise comme institution », Revue Française de Socio-Economie, 12, p. 231-242. DOI : 10.3917/rfse.012.0231. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00921353.
    Mots-clés : connaissances tacites, coopérative, cooperatives, économie institutionnaliste, institutionalist economics, représentations, stabilité, stability, tacit knowledge.
  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « Les circuits courts, une voie rémunératrice mais risquée », Agreste Limousin, 99, p. 1-4.


  • Chevallier Marius (2013) « Stabilité et expérience : des atouts coopératifs », Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale, RECMA, 327 (janvier), p. 63-74. DOI : 10.7202/1015150ar. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00933560.
    Résumé : La stratégie contemporaine des entreprises et du mouvement coopératif et mutualiste consiste à affirmer qu'elles se caractérisent par des valeurs alternatives. Cette stratégie comporte des faiblesses dans la mesure où il est difficile d'observer l'impact de telles valeurs dans les principaux secteurs d'activités des coopératives et mutuelles (industrie agro-alimentaire, commerce en gros, banque, assurance). En revenant aux origines des coopératives, on peut défendre l'hypothèse que les spécificités de ces entreprises résident plutôt dans des règles statutaires qui constituent des garde-fous à l'emprise des forces du marché. Alors que le marché valorise la réactivité et l'attractivité des travailleurs qualifiés, les coopératives et mutuelles sont plutôt caractérisées par la stabilité et la capacité à créer et exploiter des compétences tacites et informelles adaptées à leurs contextes spécifiques. Or, cette logique marchande constitue le cadre d'analyse dominant y compris pour les parties prenantes des coopératives : les individus ont " naturellement " tendance à puiser leurs solutions dans ce référentiel et il est donc nécessaire de bénéficier de garde-fous qui préservent de ce référentiel. Il s'agit alors de s'affranchir du cadre d'analyse dominant pour penser les coopératives, plutôt qu'y puiser des solutions qui renforcent les dynamiques de banalisation.
    Mots-clés : ancienneté, connaissances expérientielles, coopérative, institution, lenteur, stabilité.

  • Corenblit Dov, Julien F., Steiger Johannes, Darrozes J. et Mialet B. (2013) « High shell deposition of the invasive clam Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774) (Bivalvia : Corbiculidae) on alluvial bars: exploratory investigations and biogeomorphological research perspectives », Géomorphologie : Relief, Processus, Environnement, 2, p. 153-164. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00877941.
    Mots-clés : Corbicula, fluminea.


  • Corona Christophe, Trappmann Daniel et Stoffel Markus (2013) « Parameterization of rockfall source areas and magnitudes with ecological recorders: When disturbances in trees serve the calibration and validation of simulation runs », Geomorphology, 202, p. 33-42. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.02.001. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0169555X1300072X.


  • Cunill Raquel, Soriano Joan Manuel, Bal Marie-Claude, Albert Pèlachs, Rodriguez Josep Manel et Pérez-Obiol Ramon (2013) « Holocene high-altitude vegetation dynamics in the Pyrenees: a pedoanthracology contribution to an interdisciplinary approach », Quaternary International, 289, p. 60-70. DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.04.041. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126746.
    Résumé : Using an interdisciplinary methodology based on pedoanthracology, palynology and sedimentary charcoals, landscape transformation in the Pyrenees mountains during the Holocene is analyzed, with special attention to altitudinal variation in the treeline. The data sources were eight soil profiles on a transect at 2000e2600 m a.s.l. and a sedimentary record extracted from a very nearby peat bog at 2247 m a.s.l. The combination of three different proxies permits a more viable and qualitatively complementary data set, making it possible to better interpret the vegetation dynamic in this space through the Holocene. Analysis of the data showed that the Pyrenees landscape has undergone important changes during this period. The changing treeline is a good example. There is evidence of the decisive role of fire in the configuration of this landscape. Finally, this study shows that herding and agricultural uses over thousands of years in the study area have had a determining influence on the current configuration of the territory, equal to or more important than climatic factors.
    Mots-clés : Pedoanthracology.

  • Cuven Stéphanie, Paris Raphaël, Falvard Simon, Miot-Noirault Elisabeth, Benbakkar Mhammed, Schneider Jean-Luc et Billy Isabelle (2013) « High-resolution analysis of a tsunami deposit: case-study from the 1755 Lisbon tsunami in southwestern Spain », Marine Geology, 337, p. 98-111. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00822081.

  • Davis B., Zanon M., Collins P., Mauri A., Bakker J., Barboni D., Barthelmes A., Beaudoin C., Bjune A.E., Bozilova E., Bradshaw R.H.W., Brayshay B.A., Brewer S., Brugiapaglia E., Bunting J., Connor A.E., De Beaulieu Jacques-Louis, Edwards K., Ejarque Ana, Fall P., Florenzano A., Fyfe R., Galop Didier, Giardini M., Giesecke T., Grant M.J., Guiot J., Jahns S., Jankovska V., Juggins S., Kahrman M., Karpinska-Kolaczek M., Kolaczek P., Kühl N., Lapteva E.G., Leroy S.A.G., Leydet M., Lopez-Saez J.A., Masi A., Meltsov V., Mercuri A.M., Miras Yannick, Mitchell F.J.G., Morris J.L., Naughton F., Nielsen A.B., Novenko E., Odgaard B., Ortu Elena, Overballe-Petersen M.V., Pardoe H.S., Peglar S.M., Pidek I.A., Sadori L., Seppä H., Severova E., Shaw H., Swieta-Musznicka J., Theuerkauf M., Tonkov S., Veski S., Knaap WO, Leeuwen JFN, Woodbridge J., Zimny M. et Kaplan J.O. (2013) « The European Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) project », Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 22 (6), p. 521-530. DOI : 10.1007/s00334-012-0388-5.


  • Decaulne Armelle, Sæmundsson Thorsteinn et Eggertsson Ólafur (2013) « A multi-scale resolution of snow-avalanche activity based on geomorphological investigations at Fnjóskadalur, northern Iceland », Polar Record, 49 (03), p. 220–229. DOI : 10.1017/S0032247412000605. http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S0032247412000605.
    Résumé : ABSTRACT The article describes investigations that highlight snow-avalanche events that have not been reported in historical records. While historical sources are most often the basis for all natural hazard and risk research, alternative methods based on geomorphic investigations are often neglected. Here, we emphasise the use of geomorphic evidence to improve our knowledge of the maximum runout distance reached by snow avalanches as well as the frequency of the events. Investigations were carried out in remote, avalanche-prone areas, where the geomorphic evidence has not been disturbed or removed. Dendrogeomorphic investigations supply annual resolved records of avalanche winters up to the age of the investigated tree stand: over 120 years in northern Iceland. The study of snow-avalanche transported debris may be used to map the extent of the potential snow-avalanche deposition zone, and offer relative dating on a secular scale; stratigraphic profiles do provide results on long timescales, but only provide relative dating. The article discusses the relevance of each method, and concludes that the combination of the three methods can improve the common risk-mitigation approach based on historical records.

  • Defive Emmanuelle (2013) « Géologie et déterminisme », Cahier de Mémoire d'Ardèche et temps présent, 120, p. 7 p. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131001.
    Résumé : Le déterminisme est un mode de raisonnement établissant un lien de causalité systématique et à sens unique entre un fait et la ou les causes à l’origine de ce fait. Ainsi, dans toute circonstance où la cause est avérée, le fait doit se produire. A l’inverse, l’absence de la cause interdit l’existence du fait. Il ne peut y avoir aucun hasard. On parle de déterminisme physique ou naturel dans le cadre des relations entre l’homme, les sociétés humaines et leur environnement naturel. La discipline scientifique qui a été la plus marquée par les débats autour du déterminisme physique est sans conteste la géographie, dont l’objet est de comprendre les modalités et les facteurs de l’inscription de l’homme et de ses activités à la surface de la terre et la manière dont en naissent des territoires. C’est sa position d’interface, dont le compas a certes bougé depuis l’émergence de la géographie au 19e siècle, qui explique l’importance des débats qui n’ont cessé d’animer la discipline relativement à la place à accorder au milieu physique, à la nature dans l’explication des faits humains. Comprendre ces débats et tenter de se positionner par rapport à cette question suppose tout d’abord de les replacer dans leur contexte historique, avant de montrer la complexité et l’actualité de cette question. Pour cette introduction au numéro spécial de la revue Mémoire d’Ardèche et Temps Présent consacré à la géologie ardéchoise, nous avons choisi nos exemples dans une acception très large de la géologie, voire au-delà du champ de cette discipline pour englober les diverses composantes naturelles de l’environnement qui forment système, et dans le but premier de faire saisir l’étroit entremêlement des causes, naturelles et anthropiques, qui régissent l’organisation et la dynamique de l’espace des sociétés.
    Mots-clés : determinism, déterminisme, Géographie, Geography, Geology, sciences de la terre.

  • Defive Emmanuelle (2013) « Response of water–sediment system in upland catchment to Lateglacial and Holocene environmental fluctuations in a temperate highland context: first results from the Velay (south-eastern Massif Central, France) », Quaternaire, 24 (4), p. 461-476. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01130985.
    Mots-clés : French Massif Central, Géoarchéologie, Geoarcheology, Holocene.

  • Delay Etienne (2013) « Du paysage au terroir viticole de forte pente : à la recherche des leviers du management territorial », Projet de paysage, 9 (décembre 20), p. 1-18. http://www.projetsdepaysage.fr/fr/du_paysage_au_terroir_viticole_de_forte_pente_a_la_recherche_des_leviers_du_management_territorial.
    Mots-clés : forte pente, montagne, paysage, Systèmes multi-agents, vignoble.
  • Delay Etienne, Bourgoin J et Zottele F (2013) « Impact of cooperation on vineyards mountain landscape », Ciência e técnica vitivinicola, 28 (1).

  • Delay Etienne, Bourgoin Jérémy et Zottele Fabio (2013) « LES CONSÉQUENCES DE LA COOPÉRATION SUR LES PAYSAGES VITICOLES DE MONTAGNE », Ciência e técnica vitivinicola, 28 (1), p. 30-43. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00920082.
    Mots-clés : Agent based modeling, coopérative, landscape, spatial behavior, Systèmes multi-agents, viticulture.

  • Delay Etienne, Zottele Fabio, Quenol H et Deros G. (2013) « LA MONTAGNE : UNE VOIE D'ADAPTATION AU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE ? », Ciência e técnica vitivinicola, 28 (1), p. 40-56. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00920102.


  • Dellier Julien, Rouvellac Éric et Guyot Sylvain (2013) « Le vignoble sud-africain dans l'ère post-apartheid, entre transformation et continuité », EchoGéo, 23, p. 13343. DOI : 10.4000/echogeo.13343. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00927742.
    Mots-clés : Afrique du Sud, post-apartheid, South-Africa, vignoble, Vineyard.

  • Dellier Julien, Rouvellac Éric et Guyot Sylvain (2013) « Le vignoble sud-africain dans l'ère post-apartheid, entre transformation et continuité », EchoGéo, 23, p. 1-15. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00933456.
    Mots-clés : Afrique du Sud, post-apartheid, South-Africa, vignoble, Vineyard.


  • Delzor Aurélie, Marin Benoit, Boumédiène Farid, Preux Pierre-Marie et Couratier Philippe (2013) « BMAALS: A French national project searching for a link between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the neurotoxic amino acid L-BMAA. », Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener (octobre). DOI : 10.3109/21678421.2013.837933. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00925791.

  • Ferdière Alain, Trintignac Alain, Belingard Christelle, Hallavant Charlotte, Marot Emmanuel, Poitevin Grégory, Poupon Frédéric et Sternberg Myriam (2013) « La cuisine d’une domus de Javols/Anderitum (Lozère), chef-lieu de cité des Gabales », Gallia, 70 (1), p. 39-70. (Cuisines et boulangeries en Gaule romaine). https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126736.
    Résumé : Dans le cadre du programme de recherche concernant le site de Javols/Anderitum, capitale de cité des Gabales à l’époque romaine, une domus à été quasi exhaustivement fouillée. Elle est dotée, sans doute vers la fin du Ier s. apr. J.-C., d’une pièce de cuisine qui évolue, avant d’être détruite, jusqu’au début du IIIe s., avec un équipement assez important (3 fours). Sa fouille, l’étude de ses structures puis celle des restes céramiques et bioarchéologiques (anthracologie, carpologie, archéozoologie et ichtyologie) permettent d’approcher son fonctionnement, et une part de l’alimentation d’une domus aisée de cette ville romaine de moyenne montagne.
    Mots-clés : anthracologie, Archéozoologie, carpologie, Céramologie, dendrologie, données bioarchéologiques, four culinaire, ichtyologie., vaisselle.

  • Ferrier Le Bouëdic M.C., Gaillard A., Cayrol J., Vernet Gérard et D'Incan M. (2013) « « Dermite des Téphras » : nouvelle maladie à caractère professionnel », Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie, 140 (12S1), p. 443. DOI : 10.1016/j.annder.2013.09.188.

  • García Álvarez Salvia, Bleda Marco Estefanía, Castillo García Francisco Javier et Cuerva Jimeno Macarena (2013) « The opinion of professionals on incorporating portable technological devices in classrooms », Revista de Educación a Distancia, 39, p. http://www.um.es/ead/red/39. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01126745.
    Mots-clés : consulta a expertos, educación secundaria, exp ert consultation, formación del profesorado, ICT, mobile media technology, secondary education, soportes tecnológicos portátiles, teacher training, TIC.
  • Bellavia, V., Braguier, S., Pillard-Jude, C. et Wiethold, J. (2013) « La cuisine d’une maison de maître du Haut-Empire à Grand (Vosges) », Gallia, 70 (1), p. 97-112. (Cuisines et boulangeries en Gaule romaine).
    Mots-clés : anthracologie, Lorraine, villa.


  • Glandus Lise-Marie et Beltrando Gérard (2013) « Les déplacements urbains et la pollution de l'air dans des villes intermédiaires : enjeux politiques et environnementaux », Norois -Poitiers-, 226, p. p. 25-40. DOI : 10.4000/norois.4538. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01234102.
    Résumé : Les déplacements quotidiens en voiture représentent aujourd’hui la principale cause de pollution atmosphérique en milieu urbain. Ce problème, particulièrement présent dans les très grandes villes, concerne également – mais dans une moindre mesure – les agglomérations intermédiaires, à l’image de La Rochelle, Limoges et Clermont-Ferrand. Celles-ci sont alors amenées à remettre en question l’organisation des espaces urbains, encore fortement centrée sur l’usage du véhicule particulier, par le biais des Plans de Déplacements Urbains. Au-delà de la législation nationale, l’analyse des actions locales révèle des inégalités dans la prise en compte de l’environnement et de l’aménagement urbain, notamment en termes d’évolution des réseaux de transports alternatifs à la voiture, mais aussi des écarts entre les projets et les réalisations concrètes. Des limites peuvent alors être mises en avant, qu’elles dépendent des échelles d’élaboration des politiques, des relations entre les différents acteurs, de l’intérêt accordé à la pollution de l’air ou des volontés d’implication.
    Mots-clés : agglomération intermédiaire, aménagements urbains, mobilités quotidiennes, périurbanisation, pollution atmosphérique, transport collectif.

  • Guyot Sylvain (2013) « La construcción territorial de cabezas de puente antárticas rivales: Ushuaia (Argentina) y Punta Arenas (Chile) », Revista Transporte y Territorio, 9, p. 11-38. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00956746.

  • Laraque Alain, Castellanos B., Steiger Johannes, Lopez J.L., Pandi A., Rodriguez M., Rosales J., Adèle Georges, Perez J. et Lagane C. (2013) « A comparison of the suspended and dissolved matter dynamics of two large inter-tropical rivers draining into the Atlantic Ocean : the Congo and the Orinoco », Hydrological Processes, 27 (15), p. 2153-2170. DOI : 10.1002/hyp.9776. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00879201.


  • Laraque Alain, Moquet Jean-Sébastien, Alkattan Rana, Steiger Johannes, Mora Abrahan, Adèle Georges, Castellanos Bartolo, Lagane Christèle, Lopez José Luis, Perez Jesus, Rodriguez Militza et Rosales Judith (2013) « Seasonal variability of total dissolved fluxes and origin of major dissolved elements within a large tropical river: The Orinoco, Venezuela », Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 44, p. 4-17. (Hydrology, Geochemistry and Dynamic of South American Great River Systems). DOI : 10.1016/j.jsames.2012.12.011. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0895981113000084.
    Résumé : Seasonal variations of total dissolved fluxes of the lower Orinoco River were calculated taking into account four complete hydrological cycles during a five-year period (2005–2010). The modern concentrations of total dissolved solids (TDS) of the Orinoco surface waters were compared with data collected during the second half of the last century published in the literature. This comparison leads to the conclusion that chemical composition did not evolve significantly at least over the last thirty to forty years. Surface waters of the Orinoco at Ciudad Bolivar are between bicarbonated calcic and bicarbonated mixed. In comparison to mean values of concentrations of total dissolved solids (TDS) of world river surface waters (89.2 mg l−1), the Orinoco River at Ciudad Bolivar presents mainly low mineralized surface waters (2005-10: TDS 30 mg l−1). The TDS fluxes passing at this station in direction to the Atlantic Ocean between 2005 and 2010 were estimated at 30 × 106 t yr−1, i.e. 36 t km−2 yr−1. It was observed that the seasonal variations (dry season vs wet season) of total dissolved fluxes (TDS and dissolved organic carbon (DOC)) are mainly controlled by discharge variations. Two groups of elements have been defined from dilution curves and molar ratio diagrams. Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO 3 − , Cl− and Na+ mainly come from the same geographic and lithologic area, the Andes. K+ and SiO2 essentially come from the Llanos and the Guayana Shield. These findings are important for understanding fundamental geochemical processes within the Orinoco River basin, but also as a baseline study in the perspective of the development of numerous mining activities related with aluminum and steel industries; and the plans of the Venezuelan government to construct new fluvial ports on the lower Orinoco for the transport of hydrocarbons.
    Mots-clés : Hydrochemistry, Hydrology, Orinoco River, Total dissolved fluxes.


  • Lavrieux Marlène, Disnar Jean-Robert, Chapron Emmanuel, Bréheret Jean-Gabriel, Jacob Jérémy, Miras Yannick, Reyss Jean-Louis, Andrieu-Ponel Valérie et Arnaud Fabien (2013) « 6,700-year sedimentary record of climatic and anthropic signals in Lake Aydat (French Massif Central) », The Holocene, 23 (9), p. 1317-1328. DOI : 10.1177/0959683613484616. https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00781618.
    Résumé : A 19-meters-long sedimentary record that was retrieved in Lake Aydat (French Massif Central) covers the last 6700 yrs at a high-resolution. A multi-proxy approach (density, magnetic susceptibility, XRF, Rock-Eval analyses, pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs analyses and historical archives study) was used to characterise and tentatively propose a model of the sedimentation. The important deposition rate results from the narrow and incised fluvial valley dammed by a lava flow ca. 8550 years ago. Two contrasted periods of sedimentation (6700±200 - 3180±90 cal. BP, and 1770±60 cal. BP- now) are characterized. The lower unit (mid-Holocene) displays a fine and regular lamination and holds a single, major, flood deposit. This unit is capped by an erosive mass wasting deposit triggered ca. 1770±60 cal. BP. The upper unit (late-Holocene) is made of organic rich and fine grained faintly laminated sediment, with numerous interbedded flood deposits (56 events) and layers resulting from blooms of diatoms. The sedimentation was principally controlled by climatic forcings (solar activity) until ca. 1100 cal. BP, accompanied by detritic events linked to human activities around the lake. Then, a more detrital input attested by numerous and recurrent flood deposits can be linked to the intensification of a persistent anthropogenic impact on the catchment. Two phases of lake eutrophication are highlighted: a first phase between 1200-1130 cal. BP, as a result of increased anthropogenic pressure, and the current phase that could have started ca. 150 cal. BP.
    Mots-clés : Anthropogenic activities, climate, Detritism, French Massif Central, Holocene, Lake sediments.

  • Lereboullet Anne-Laure, Beltrando Gérard, Douglas K. Bardsley et Rouvellac Éric (2013) « The viticultural system and climate change: coping with long-term trends in temperature and rainfall in Roussillon, France », Regional Environmental Change, 13 (2), p. 1-18. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00933471.
    Résumé : Climate change could put at risk viticultural areas situated at the hotter margins of Vitis vinifera growth climatic range. We focus on two such regions with a Mediterranean climate (CSb type in Köppen classification): Côtes-du-Roussillon in southern France and McLaren Vale in South Australia. They share a relatively similar recent climate evolution. Based on data from two synoptic weather stations, Perpignan (France) and Adelaide (Australia), with daily time series running from 1956 to 2010, we identified changes in temperatures and precipitation patterns, especially an increase of maximum temperatures, of the Huglin Index and Cool Night Index. According to climate models (data from DRIAS project in France, CSIRO Mk3.5 model in Australia) this tendency is likely to continue in the future. In these two regions, two red varieties are mainly grown: Grenache and Shiraz, as they are relatively well suited to Mediterranean climate and to market demand in volatile global markets. Based on twenty in-depth semi-structured interviews in both regions, we identified that vineyard management practices -current and planned for a near future, are based in their vast majority on economical considerations. Concerns of producers include: maintaining income and market position by producing optimal yields, a constant wine style and quality and a diversified offer. In addition, producers feel they have to deal with an increasing uncertainty regarding climate variability, confirmed by climate data. Adaptation strategies of producers to various types of changes, including climate change, take into account a multiplicity of factors, in which climate change is often not the main concern. Two opposite systems of legislation and cultural traditions in the two regions also make the choice and implementation of adaptation strategies very different. Thus the sensitivity of viticultural systems to climate change depends strongly on non-climatic factors.
    Mots-clés : Adaptation, climate change, Mediterranean climate, Social-ecological system, viticulture.
  • Liard Morgane (2013) « Le versant du Petit Paulmy, approche géoarchéologique. », Revue archéologique du Centre de la France, 46, p. 37-71. (Supplément à la Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France).
  • Linton Jamie et Budds Jessica (2013) « The Hydrosocial Cycle: Defining and Mobilizing a Relational-Dialectical Approach to Water », Geoforum.
  • Linton Jamie et Hall Noah (2013) « “The Great Lakes” », éd. par E. S. Norman, A. Cohen, et K. J. Bakker, Water Without Borders: Canada, the US, and Transboundary Waters. (University of Toronto).


  • Masseret Estelle, Banack Sandra, Boumédiène Farid, Abadie Eric, Brient Luc, Pernet Fabrice, Juntas-Morales Raoul, Pageot Nicolas, Metcalf James, Cox Paul et Camu William (2013) « Dietary BMAA Exposure in an Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Cluster from Southern France. », PLoS ONE, 8 (12), p. e83406. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0083406. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00933857.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Dietary exposure to the cyanotoxin BMAA is suspected to be the cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Western Pacific Islands. In Europe and North America, this toxin has been identified in the marine environment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis clusters but, to date, only few dietary exposures have been described. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at identifying cluster(s) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Hérault district, a coastal district from Southern France, and to search, in the identified area(s), for the existence of a potential dietary source of BMAA. METHODS: A spatio-temporal cluster analysis was performed in the district, considering all incident amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases identified from 1994 to 2009 by our expert center. We investigated the cluster area with serial collections of oysters and mussels that were subsequently analyzed blind for BMAA concentrations. RESULTS: We found one significant amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cluster (p = 0.0024), surrounding the Thau lagoon, the most important area of shellfish production and consumption along the French Mediterranean coast. BMAA was identified in mussels (1.8 µg/g to 6.0 µg/g) and oysters (0.6 µg/g to 1.6 µg/g). The highest concentrations of BMAA were measured during summer when the highest picocyanobacteria abundances were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: While it is not possible to ascertain a direct link between shellfish consumption and the existence of this ALS cluster, these results add new data to the potential association of BMAA with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, one of the most severe neurodegenerative disorder.


  • Mercier Denis, Cossart Etienne, Decaulne Armelle, Feuillet Thierry, Jónsson Helgi Páll et Sæmundsson Þorsteinn (2013) « The Höfðahólar rock avalanche (sturzström): Chronological constraint of paraglacial landsliding on an Icelandic hillslope », The Holocene, 23 (3) (mars 1), p. 432-446. DOI : 10.1177/0959683612463104. http://hol.sagepub.com/content/23/3/432.
    Résumé : The Höfðahólar rock avalanche, in the Skagafjörður area of northern Iceland, was investigated on the basis of a geomorphological analysis of its landforms and close surrounding environment. Thanks to sound chronological constraints (14C dating from birch remnants in peat areas that developed within depressions over the chaotic rock-avalanche deposit, tephrochronological sequences resulting from subsequent ash fallouts over the deposit, calibration of an age–depth model of peats and previously dated raised beaches), we define the rock-avalanche implementation with a wider timeframe between 10,200 and 7975 cal. yr BP and with a narrower frame between 9000 and 8195 ± 45 cal. yr BP. Such a well constrained timing proposes one of the most precise datings of an early-Holocene major slope failure in Iceland. This result fits well in the known chronology of the deglaciation in this area and in the prevailing Icelandic theory of a generalized phase of landsliding that occurred shortly after the deglaciation of the area. The main driver for the rock-avalanche occurrence is associated to a paraglacial origin; glacio-isostatic rebound, associated to rockwall debuttressing, is thought to be the main factor in the genesis of this Boreal major disequilibrium.
    Mots-clés : Deglaciation, early Holocene, glacio-isostatic rebound, Iceland, landsliding, paraglacial.

  • Miras Yannick, Guenet P., Cruz Frédéric, Garcia Jean-Pierre, Petit Christophe et Guillaumet Jean-Paul (2013) « Gestion des ressources naturelles dans le Pays de Tulle : impacts paysagers et histoire du châtaignier (Castanea sativa Mill.) de l'Antiquité à la Renaissance d'après la palynologie », Aquitania, 39, p. 311-330. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00867980.
    Résumé : Cet article présente les résultats paléoenvironnementaux des premières analyses palynologiques et sédimentologiques menées dans le pays de Tulle (Mars, Gimel-les-Cascades, Corrèze, France). Elles se fondent sur le croisement de différents indicateurs biotiques (grains de pollen, microfossiles non-polliniques) et sédimentaires. Neuf datations radiocarbone ont été réalisées. Cette recherche décrit les dynamiques des paysages végétaux depuis l'Antiquité sous l'action de leurs facteurs de contrôle climatiques et anthropiques. Elle analyse en quoi ces changements paysagers traduisent des gestions diversifiées des ressources végétales dont la culture du châtaignier (Castanea sativa Mill.). Arbre emblématique en Limousin, le châtaignier constitue un marqueur paysager et territorial mais dont les connotations ont souvent été contradictoires et fluctuantes en 2000 ans d'histoire.
    Mots-clés : Castanea sativa Mill, Castanea sativa Mill., Corrèze, histoire des activités humaines, Micro-fossiles non polliniques, Palynologie.

  • Miras Yannick et Guenet Pascal (2013) « Une histoire plurimillénaire des paysages du Cézallier et ses liens avec les activités agrosylvopastorales depuis le Néolithique à partir de l'analyse pollinique de la tourbière de la Borie (1170 m, Saint-Saturnin, Cantal, France). », Revue d'Auvergne, In F. Trément (dir.) : ” Les arvernes et leurs voisins du Massif central à l'époque romaine. (1), p. 481-497. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00802132.

  • Miras Yannick, Lavrieux Marlène et Flórez Marta (2013) « Holocene ecological trajectories in lake and wetland systems (Auvergne, France): a palaeoenvironmental contribution for a better assessment of ecosystem and land use's viability in management strategies », Annali di Botanica, 3, p. 127-133. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00824420.
    Résumé : Multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental studies are very important for the development of sustainable management strategies for ecosystems and modern landscapes. Analysing the relationship between societies, climate and environments through time, these studies contribute to define adequate policies and strategies for socio-environmental management, protection and legacy. Two complementary case studies- Aydat lake and Espinasse fen - from the south of the Chaîne des Puys (Auvergne, Massif Central, France) are presented. The analysis of these sedimentological records (both lacustrine and peat) follows a multi-proxy approach combining abiotic and biotic palaeoindicators (density, magnetic susceptibility, X-Ray Fluorescence spectrometry, Rock-Eval, pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, molecular biomarkers). Aydat lake and Espinasse fen analyses were performed following a high spatio-temporal resolution. Results underline that long-term models of detrital input and eutrophication correspond to complex patterns with early and recurrent phases of human-induced ecological disturbances. They also evidence the existence of diversified long-term land use systems (deforestation, grazing, agriculture, hemp culture and retting) that provide fresh insights into the understanding of present-day mountain environments. This history between diversified human activities and hydrosystems responses must be taken into account for the construction of accurate retrospective and prospective model simulations of hydrosystem functioning.
    Mots-clés : AUVERGNE, DETRITAL INPUT, EUTROPHICATION, Holocene, Human impact, HYDROSYSTEMS, SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL VIABILITIES.

  • Paris Raphael, Kelfoun Karim et Giachetti Thomas (2013) « Marine conglomerate and reef megaclasts at Mauritius Island (Indian Ocean): evidences of a tsunami generated by a flank collapse of Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Réunion Island? », Science of tsunami hazards, 32 (4), p. 281-291. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00960211.


  • Roussel Erwan et André Marie-Françoise (2013) « Quantitative assessment of pre- and post-restoration weathering rates of limestone Mayan temples (Uxmal, Yucatán) », Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, 36, p. 169-179. DOI : 10.4461/GFDQ.2013.36.14. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00987405.
    Résumé : The House of Turtles is one of the Mayan buildings of the Uxmal site in Yucatan. It has been erected during the Terminal Classic Period (AD 890-915), abandoned around AD 1050, and restored between 1969 and 1972. This monument was selected to quantitatively assess the impact of contemporary restoration practices on limestone weathering. Based on archival research and multi-scale photogrammetric surveys, weathering rates were calculated for two periods, covering respectively almost 1000 years (1050-2012) and 50 years (1972-2012). Whatever the spatial scale, whatever the construction choice, post-restoration weathering rates are systematically faster than long-term rates: at the scale of the whole façade, stone recession has operated 38 times faster since restoration than on non-restored historical parts of the building (7.6 mm instead of 0.2 mm per century). This general trend is ascribed to the removal of the stucco coating that has protected limestone and delayed deterioration from the Mayan building times until the contemporary clearing and restoration operations. Another factor responsible for accelerated limestone decay is the replacement of wooden lintels by cement lintels, as indicated by the spatial distribution of deterioration hotspots on the façade and by the computed weathering rates obtained for six fine-scale windows taking into account the construction/restoration choices. This quantitative assessment leads to emphasise the need for softer, less intrusive restoration practices and conservation strategies, that should restrict the use of incompatible materials like cement and reinforced concrete, and consider stucco as a protective skin worth being maintained.
    Mots-clés : Conservation strategies, cultural heritage, Decay assessment, Limestone, Maya architecture, rock weathering, Yucatán.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2013) « Les terroirs viticoles outils objectifs et subjectifs de la communication des vignobles, de l’identité des terroirs jusqu’à leur dissolution », Sud-Ouest Européen, p. 85-96. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01140413.
    Résumé : Le terroir viticole est utilisé souvent comme un concept valise, où beaucoup d’acceptions peuvent voisiner, de l’agronomique au culturel. De cette confusion les acteurs vitivinicoles construisent des politiques de communication et du marketing autant sur de la réalité que du mythe. Ils fondent souvent cette communication sur l’histoire locale du territoire viticole, en voulant frapper l’imagination en inventant et en réinventant l’histoire des vignobles. Cette progression de la communication autour des terroirs et des territoires viticoles aboutit à des visions post modernes, très relativistes, du territoire, où la subjectivité se nourrit des symboles culturels dans le paysage et sur le bâti. A travers une approche de l’architecture de certains domaines de l’appellation viticole contrôlée Somontano (Espagne), de certains domaines du Nouveau Monde, et de bâtis iconoclastes comme entrée vitivinicole, nous nous sommes intéressés à la dissolution du terroir et du territoire dans la communication liée à l’architecture des domaines viticoles.
    Mots-clés : archintecture de chais, communication, marketing, territoires viticoles, terroirs viticoles.

  • Rouvellac Éric (2013) « Les terroirs viticoles outils objectifs et subjectifs de la communication des vignobles, de l’identité des terroirs jusqu’à leur dissolution », Sud-Ouest Européen, p. 85-96. https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01140413.
    Résumé : Le terroir viticole est utilisé souvent comme un concept valise, où beaucoup d’acceptions peuvent voisiner, de l’agronomique au culturel. De cette confusion les acteurs vitivinicoles construisent des politiques de communication et du marketing autant sur de la réalité que du mythe. Ils fondent souvent cette communication sur l’histoire locale du territoire viticole, en voulant frapper l’imagination en inventant et en réinventant l’histoire des vignobles. Cette progression de la communication autour des terroirs et des territoires viticoles aboutit à des visions post modernes, très relativistes, du territoire, où la subjectivité se nourrit des symboles culturels dans le paysage et sur le bâti. A travers une approche de l’architecture de certains domaines de l’appellation viticole contrôlée Somontano (Espagne), de certains domaines du Nouveau Monde, et de bâtis iconoclastes comme entrée vitivinicole, nous nous sommes intéressés à la dissolution du terroir et du territoire dans la communication liée à l’architecture des domaines viticoles.
    Mots-clés : archintecture de chais, communication, marketing, territoires viticoles, terroirs viticoles.

  • Rovera Georges, Lopez Saez Jérôme, Corona Christophe, Stoffel Markus et Berger Frédéric (2013) « Preliminary quantification of the erosion of sandy-gravelly cliffs on the island of Porquerolles (Provence, France) through dendrogeomorphology, using exposed roots of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) », Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, p. 10. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00818486.
    Résumé : This study is a first attempt to specify the geodynamic processes leading to the erosion of detrital quaternary cliffs on the island of Porquerolles, and to quantify the rate of erosion thanks to dendrogeomorphology. The island is located in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Provence (France). The method identifies the roots of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) that have been unearthed by cliff retreat. The year of denudation is revealed by the net change in tracheid anatomy in tree rings, so that we can establish the retreating rates of cliffs, and assess the ratio between the distance of loosening and the number of years since denudation. 13 root samples were used to determine that the cliff retreat is due to small rockfalls, at an average rate of 2.5 cm/a. This value is compared to other rates of erosion quantified on rocky or sandy shores. A review of the method and a comparison with methods based on photogrammetry and micrometrics are proposed.
    Mots-clés : Aleppo pine, Aleppo pine., dendrogeomorphology, Erosion rate, Littoral geodynamics, Mediterranean Sea, Quaternary cliff, Tracheid root.


  • Saez Jérôme Lopez, Corona Christophe, Berger Frédéric et Stoffel Markus (2013) « Climate change increases frequency of shallow spring landslides in the French Alps », Geology, 41 (5) (mars), p. 619-622. DOI : 10.1130/G34098.1. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131710.
    Résumé : In this contribution, past process activity is reconstructed on seven landslide bodies of the Riou Bourdoux catchment (southeastern French Alps). Based on an unusually dense data set of 3036 tree-ring series extracted from 759 conifers, we provide evidence for 61 landslide reactivations since A.D. 1898. Based on logistic regressions and threshold analyses of monthly rainfall data and temperature anomalies, we determine that the combination of snow-rich winters and positive temperature anomalies in spring (enhanced snowmelt) seems to have driven landslide reactivations in the past. Since the early 1990s, however, landslide reactivations clearly have been on the rise and thereby exhibit excessive and unprecedented rates of activity (12.5 events per 10 yr) at the scale of the Riou Bourdoux catchment. From the data, evidence exists for a shift from snowmelt-induced landslides (controlled by winter precipitation) to reactivations controlled by spring temperatures. Therefore, this contribution also adds evidence to the hypothesis that climate change (and related warmer springs) could further enhance landslide activity in the course of the 21st century.
    Mots-clés : climate change, landslides, tree-ring.


  • Schläppy Romain, Jomelli Vincent, Grancher Delphine, Stoffel Markus, Corona Christophe, Brunstein Daniel, Eckert Nicolas et Deschatres Michael (2013) « A New Tree-Ring-Based, Semi-Quantitative Approach for the Determination of Snow Avalanche Events: use of Classification Trees for Validation », Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 45 (3), p. 383-395. DOI : 10.1657/1938-4246-45.3.383. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1657/1938-4246-45.3.383.


  • Schneuwly-Bollschweiler Michelle, Corona Christophe et Stoffel Markus (2013) « How to improve dating quality and reduce noise in tree-ring based debris-flow reconstructions », Quaternary Geochronology, 18, p. 110-118. DOI : 10.1016/j.quageo.2013.05.001. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1871101413000526.


  • Stoffel Markus, Butler David R. et Corona Christophe (2013) « Mass movements and tree rings: A guide to dendrogeomorphic field sampling and dating », Geomorphology, 200, p. 106-120. DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.12.017. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0169555X12005752.


  • Stoffel Markus, Corona Christophe, Ballesteros-Cánovas Juan Antonio et Bodoque José Maria (2013) « Dating and quantification of erosion processes based on exposed roots », Earth-Science Reviews, 123, p. 18-34. DOI : 10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.04.002. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131676.
    Résumé : Soil erosion is a key driver of land degradation and heavily affects sustainable land management in various environments worldwide. An appropriate quantification of rates of soil erosion and a localization of hotspots are therefore critical, as sediment loss has been demonstrated to have drastic consequences on soil productivity and fertility. A consistent body of evidence also exists for a causal linkage between global changes and the temporal frequency and magnitude of erosion, and thus calls for an improved understanding of dynamics and rates of soil erosion for an appropriate management of landscapes and for the planning of preventive or countermeasures. Conventional measurement techniques to infer erosion rates are limited in their temporal resolution or extent. Long-term erosion rates in larger basins have been analyzed with cosmogenic nuclides, but with lower spatial and limited temporal resolutions, thus limiting the possibility to infer micro-geomorphic and climatic controls on the timing, amount and localization of erosion. If based on exposed tree roots, rates of erosion can be inferred with up to seasonal resolution, over decades to centuries of the past and for larger surfaces with homogenous hydrological response units. Root-based erosion rates, thus, constitute a valuable alternative to empirical or physically-based approaches, especially in ungauged basins, but will be controlled by individual or a few extreme events, so that average annual rates of erosion might be highly skewed. In this contribution, we review the contribution made by this biomarker to the understanding of erosion processes and related landform evolution. We report on recent progress in root-based erosion research, illustrate possibilities, caveats and limitations of reconstructed rates, and conclude with a call for further research on various aspects of root–erosion research and for work in new geographic regions.
    Mots-clés : Dendrochronology, dendrogeomorphology, Erosion rates, Exposed roots, Target areas, Wood anatomy.

  • Touchart Laurent, Millot Camille, Maleval Véronique, Koff T., Terasmaa J., Vandel E., Vainu M., Nedjai Rachid, Bartout Pascal et Azaroual Abdelamid (2013) « Le risque de dégradation de la qualité de l'eau des lacs de la réserve naturelle de Kurtna (Estonie) : le cas de la température et de l'oxygène dissous », Riscuri si catastrofe, 13 (2), p. 49-62. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00933395.
    Résumé : The Kurtna reserve (North-Eastern Estonia) includes about forty lakes of hydro-glacial origin, among which the most are kettle hole lakes. Their level and the quality of water are conditioned by aquifers, which are threatened by industrial activities (sand quarry, peat production and oil shale excavation). The paper presents results of a field campaign in March 2013, for measuring water temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity in two ice-covered lakes (Martiska and Nõmme). Martiska is a closed lake. A large (from 0 °C to 4 °C) inverse thermal stratification takes place under the ice. The very thick anoxic layer may be caused by the cumulating effect of the ice barrier and the consumption in a rich in organic matter lake. Nõmme fits in a hydrographical chain with tributaries and an emissary. The inverse thermal stratification is disturbed by a well delimited mid-layer. Temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity show that it is probably the fluvial water body, which has entered the lake. The hypothesis is confirmed by the study of the river plume. This inflow is rich in dissolved oxygen. We may suggest, that the lakes with an affluent are less threatened by the winter lack of oxygen than the closed lakes of the region.
    Mots-clés : banquise lacustre, dissolved oxygen, ice-covered lake, inverse stratification, oxygène dissout, stratification inverse, température de l'eau, water temperature.

  • Touchart Laurent, Millot Camille, Maleval Véronique, Koff Tiiu, Kapanen Galina, Terasmaa Jaanus, Vandel Egert, Vainu M., Nedjai Rachid, Bartout Pascal et Azaroual Abdelhamid (2013) « Environmental risk about water quality of lakes in Kurtna landscape reserve (Estonia) by the study of water temperature and dissolved oxygen. », Riscuri si Catastrofe, 13 (XII), p. 49-62. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01895157.
    Résumé : Environmental risk about water quality of lakes in Kurtna landscape reserve (Estonia) by the study of water temperature and dissolved oxygen. The Kurtna reserve (North-Eastern Estonia) includes about forty lakes of hydro-glacial origin, among which the most are kettle hole lakes. Their level and the quality of water are conditioned by aquifers, which are threatened by industrial activities (sand quarry, peat production and oil shale excavation). The paper presents results of a field campaign in March 2013, for measuring water temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity in two ice-covered lakes (Martiska and Nõmme). Martiska is a closed lake. A large (from 0 °C to 4 °C) inverse thermal stratification takes place under the ice. The very thick anoxic layer may be caused by the cumulating effect of the ice barrier and the consumption in a rich in organic matter lake. Nõmme fits in a hydrographical chain with tributaries and an emissary. The inverse thermal stratification is disturbed by a well delimited mid-layer. Temperature, dissolved oxygen and salinity show that it is probably the fluvial water body, which has entered the lake. The hypothesis is confirmed by the study of the river plume. This inflow is rich in dissolved oxygen. We may suggest, that the lakes with an affluent are less threatened by the winter lack of oxygen than the closed lakes of the region.
    Mots-clés : dissolved oxygen, ice-covered lake, inverse stratification, water temperature.


  • Trappmann Daniel, Stoffel Markus et Corona Christophe (2013) « Rolling stones and tree rings: A state of research on dendrogeomorphic reconstructions of rockfall », Progress in Physical Geography, 37 (novembre), p. 701-716. DOI : 10.1177/0309133313506451. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01131673.
    Résumé : This progress report focuses on the contribution of tree-ring series to rockfall research and on recent development and challenges in the field. Dendrogeomorphic techniques have been used extensively since the early 2000s and several approaches have been developed to extract rockfall signals from tree-ring records of conifer trees. The reconstruction of rockfall chronologies has been hampered in the past by sample sizes that decrease as one goes back in time, as well as by a paucity of studies that include broadleaved tree species, which are in fact quite common in rockfall-prone environments. In this report, we propose a new approach considering impact probability and quantification of uncertainty in the reconstruction of rockfall time series as well as a quantitative estimate of presumably missed events. In addition, we outline new approaches and future perspectives for the inclusion of woody vegetation in hazard assessment procedures, and end with future thematic perspectives.
    Mots-clés : chronology, dendrogeomorphology, frequency, hazard assessment, mass movement, rockfall, simulation, tree ring.
  • Vernet Gérard (2013) « La séquence sédimentaire des Gravanches/Gerzat : enregistrement d’événements « catastrophiques » à valeur chronologique en Limagne d’Auvergne (Massif central, France) », Quaternaire, 24 (2), p. 109-127.
2012

  • Albiach Rosa A, Orengo Hèctor A, Blasco Josep A et Ejarque Ana A (2012) « La Carència (Valencia, España) y su territorio. Resultados de la aplicación de metodologías digitales », Virtual Archaeology Review, 3 (5), p. 73-76. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01515001.
    Résumé : 'La Carència. Chronological and urban change. Evaluation in its territorial context' is an archaeological project whose application of digital methodologies to the study of la Carència Ibero-Roman oppidum and its territory has been prominent during the last ten years. This application has been twofold: archaeological research has employed GIS analyses, photogrammetrical modelling of past landscapes and multispectral imagery analysis. Scientific dissemination has been enhanced by the use of aerial photogrammetry but 3D virtual modelling was also employed to develop a hypothetical reconstruction of the city walled area. In general the application of digital methodologies benefited archaeological analysis and, at the same time, helped developing the heritage value of both site and territory.
    Mots-clés : 3D, GIS, PHOTOGRAMMETRY.

  • André Marie-Françoise, Voldoire Olivier, Roussel Erwan, Vautier Franck, Phalip Bruno et Hang Peou (2012) « Contrasting weathering and climate regimes in forested and cleared sandstone temples of the Angkor region », Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 37, p. 519-532. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01115157.


  • Arbellay Estelle, Corona Christophe, Stoffel Markus, Fonti Patrick et Decaulne Armelle (2012) « Defining an adequate sample of earlywood vessels for retrospective injury detection in diffuse-porous species », éd. par Ben Bond-Lamberty, PLoS ONE, 7 (6) (juin 26), p. e38824. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0038824. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038824.
  • Astrade Laurent, Stoffel Markus, Corona Christophe et Lopez Saez Jérôme (2012) « Using tree rings to study events and morphological changes: relevance, methods, and contribution of Alpine research to dendrogeomorphology », Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement, 3, p. 295-316.


  • Aubry Thierry [b1] (analytic), Antonio Dimuccio Luca [b2 b3] (analytic), Almeida Miguel [b4] (analytic), Buylaert Jan-Pieter [b5 b9] (analytic), Fontana Laure [b6] (analytic), Higham Thomas [b7] (analytic), Liard Morgane [b8] (analytic), Murray Andrew S. [b9] (analytic), Joao Neves Maria [b4 b11] (analytic), Peyrouse Jean-Baptiste [b10] (analytic) et Walker Bertrand [b10] (analytic) (2012) « Stratigraphic and technological evidence from the middle Palaeolithic-Châtelperronian-Aurignacian record at the Bordes-Fitte rockshelter (Roches d'Abilly site, Central France) (English) », Le témoignage stratigraphique et technologique de l'enregistrement du Paléolithique moyen-Châtelperronien-Aurignacien de l'abri sous roche de Bordes-Fitte (site des Roches d'Abilly, Centre de la France) (French), 62 (1), p. 116-137. DOI : 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.10.009. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=fcs&AN=25403532&lang=fr&site=eds-live.
    Résumé : This paper presents a geoarchaeological study of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic (Châtelperronian, Aurignacian and Solutrean) occupations preserved at the Bordes-Fitte rockshelter in Central France. The lithostratigraphic sequence is composed of near-surface sedimentary facies with vertical and lateral variations, in a context dominated by run-off and gravitational sedimentary processes. Field description and micromorphological analysis permit us to reconstruct several episodes of sediment slope-wash and endokarst dynamics, with hiatuses and erosional phases. The archaeostratigraphic succession includes Châtelperronian artefacts, inter-stratified between Middle Palaeolithic and Aurignacian occupations. Systematic refitting and spatial analysis reveal that the Châtelperronian point production and flake blanks retouched into denticulates, all recovered in the same stratigraphic unit, result from distinct and successive occupations and are not a 'transitional' Middle to Upper Palaeolithic assemblage. The ages obtained by 14C place the Châtelperronian occupation in the 41-48 ka cal BP (calibrated thousands of years before present) interval and are consistent with the quartz optically stimulated luminescence age of 39 ± 2 ka and feldspar infra-red stimulated luminescence age of 45 ± 2 ka of the sediments. The Bordes-Fitte rockshelter sequence represents an important contribution to the debate about the characterization and timing of the Châtelperronian, as well as its affinities to earlier and later industries. (English)
    Mots-clés : Abri sous roche, Anatomically modern humans, Archaeo-stratigraphy, Aurignacian, Aurignacien, Bordes-Fitte, Chatelperronian, Châtelperronien, Chronostratigraphie, Datation, Dating, Europe, France, Geoarchaeology, Géoarchéologie, Geoarcheology, Industrie lithique, Les Roches dAbilly, Lithic industry, Lithostratigraphie, Lithostratigraphy, Middle Palaeolithic, Middle/upper Palaeolithic transition, Neanderthal, Occupation humaine, Paléolithique moyen, Paléolithique supérieur, Radiocarbon and luminescence dating, Rockshelter, Sediment, Solutrean, Solutréen.
    Note Note
    <p>p116-137 22p ref 2 p.1/4 Language English Record Copyright Copyright 2012 INIST-CNRS. All rights reserved.</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (French):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525III) EUROPE</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (English):&nbsp;&nbsp;(52553) Upper Palaeolithic</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (French):&nbsp;&nbsp;(52553) Paleolithique superieur</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (French):&nbsp;&nbsp;(52552) Paleolithique inferieur et moyen</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (French):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525III) EUROPE</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (French):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525) PREHISTOIRE ET PROTOHISTOIRE</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (English):&nbsp;&nbsp;(52552) Lower and middle Palaeolithic</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (English):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525III) EUROPE</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Avail: INIST-CNRS 16050, 354000508643300070 http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=25403532</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b11] CIAS - Centro de Investigação em Antropologia e Saude - Departamento de Ciencias da Vida, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade de Coimbra, Apartado 3046, 3001-401 Coimbra, Portugal</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b9] Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Earth Sciences, Aarhus University, Risø DTU, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b6] CNRS, UMR 7041, Maison de l'Archéologie et de l'Ethnologie R. Ginouvès, 21, Allée de l'Université, 92023 Nanterre, France</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b5] Radiation Research Division, Risø DTU, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b4] Dryas Octopetala/iDryas, Rua Anibal de Lima, 170, 3000-030 Coimbra, Portugal</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (English):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525III) EUROPE</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Classification (English):&nbsp;&nbsp;(525) PREHISTORY AND PROTOHISTORY</p>
    Note Note
    <p>AN 25403532 FRANCIS record no 12-0301873</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b10] Société d'Études et de Recherche sur le Paléolithique de la Vallée de la Claise, Les Chirons, 37290 Preuilly-sur-Claise, France</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b8] UMR 6042 GEOLAB, INRAP-Direction interrégionale Centre/Île-de-France, Base Orléans, France</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b7] Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, RLAHA, University of Oxford, United Kingdom</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b3] Departamento de Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Coimbra, Largo Marques de Pombal, 3000-272 Coimbra, Portugal</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b2] Centro de Estudos de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território (CEGOT), Faculdade de Letras, Universidade de Coimbra, Praça da Porta Férrea, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal</p>
    Note Note
    <p>Affiliation: [b1] Museu do Côa, IGESPAR-IP, Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico, Ministério da Cultura de Portugal, Rua do Museu, 5150-610 Vila Nova de Foz Côa, Portugal</p>


  • Ballut Christele, Michelin Yves et Miras Yannick (2012) « Landscape human shaping and spatial mobility of agropastoral practices in the Chaine des Puys during historical times (Massif Central, France) », Quaternary International, 251, p. 97 - 106. DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.015. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01004279.
    Résumé : The Chaine des Puys is a great collection of extinct volcanoes that cover the Hercynian basement and belongs to the Auvergne Volcanoes Natural Regional Park. Both the sedimentary record and the historical archives of this area are numerous. However, the cores studied hitherto do not offer a good knowledge of the historical dynamics because most of the wetlands have dried out during historical times, causing gaps in the sedimentary record and pollen oxidization. Moreover, all the studied cores are located on the crystalline basement or on an old volcanic one predating the Chaine des Puys. Thus they do not directly provide information about the volcanoes. This article presents the only core obtained from a site, a small maar, located on a volcano. The sequence is short but does not have the same sedimentary gaps as the others. Owing to physical (grain size), chemical (C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, N-NO3, N-NH4), palaeoecological (pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs) and historical analyses, this study gives a more precise recording of the landscape changes during the last 500 years in the volcanic area and contributes to the knowledge of the Chaine des Puys landscape. It illustrates the mobility of the historical landscape, in particular the progression and regression of the forest and the erosive crises related to more intensive grazing activity. The observations are linked with the social and economical changes, especially with the consequences of the French Revolution and the rural depopulation. This landscape history gives data about the direction of changes to the landscape preservationists. They demonstrate that even if the Chaine des Puys landscape looks natural, it has been shaped by a very specific socio-economical system inherited from the Middle Ages. These aspects could be integrated in a management plan. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
    Mots-clés : MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH, Pollen, Pyrenees, SPORES, vegetation.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie (2012) « Zanzibar, si loin de Dieu et si près du continent », Les Cahiers d'Outre Mer, 3, p. 322–341. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=COM_255_0322.
    Mots-clés : 'Continent', 'Géographie politique', 'Identités', 'Ile', 'Zanzibar'.

  • Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie et Schmoll Camille (2012) « La voix des chercheur-es et la parole du migrant. Ce que les coulisses du terrain maltais nous enseignent », Carnets de géographes. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00934384.
    Mots-clés : Centres de rétention, Malte, Migrations irrégulières, Terrain, ”Centres de rétention”, ”Malte”, ”Migrations irrégulières”, ”Terrain”.

  • Beylich Achim A., Decaulne Armelle, Dixon John C., Lamoureux Scott F., Orwin John F., Otto Jan-Christoph, Overeem Irina, Sœmundsson Þorsteinn, Warburton Jeff et Zwolinski Zbigniew (2012) « The global Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments (SEDIBUD) Programme: Coordinated studies of sedimentary fluxes and budgets in changing cold environments », Zeitschrift f??r Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issues, 56 (1) (janvier 1), p. 3-8. DOI : 10.1127/0372-8854/2012/S-00069.
    Résumé : Projected climate change in cold environments is expected to alter melt-season duration and intensity, along with the number of extreme rainfall events, total annual precipitation and the balance between snowfall and rainfall. In addition, changes to the thermal balance are expected to reduce the extent of permafrost and seasonal ground frost and increase active layer depth. These effects will change surface environments in cold climate environments and alter the flfl uxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of data and coordinated quantitative analysis to understand the sensitivity of the surface environment are acute in cold environments. The I.A.G/A.I.G. SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme, building on the ESF SEDIFLUX (Sedimentary Source-to-Sink-Fluxes in Cold Environments) Network, has been formed to address this key knowledge gap. Coordinated efforts are carried out to quantify, compare and model sedimentary flfl uxes and budgets in 38 selected SEDIBUD Key Test Sites (cold environment catchments) worldwide.
    Mots-clés : Cold Regions, Cold Regions Source-to-Sink Flsediment Budget, Sediment Budget, Source-to-Sink Fluxes.


  • Beylich Achim A., Decaulne Armelle et Lamoureux Scott F. (2012) « Sedimentary fluxes and budgets in natural and anthropogenically modified landscapes—Effects of climate change and land-use change on geomorphic processes », Geomorphology, 167–168 (septembre 15), p. 1. (Sedimentary fluxes and budgets in natural and anthropogenically modified landscapes – Effects of climate change and land-use change on geomorphic processes). DOI : 10.1016/j.geomorph.2012.05.027. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X12002668.